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NOS
ABIES
KOREANA
PAGE

'Silberlocke' - click image to enlarge
Dawes Arboretum. August 2003. Twisted perfection on a stem. This breathrough clone has led to several others both more
vigorous and less.

Copyright 2003-2004. Laurence C. Hatch. All Rights Reserved.
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Abies koreana 'Aurea' some='Luminetta'

Abies koreana 'Barabits Spreading'
ha: spreading to subglobose, 2 inches growth a year, very low

Abies koreana 'Black Prince' (3/02)
ha: slow, compact, conical
lc: very dark green

Abies koreana 'Blaue Zwo'
ha: dwarf, upright, conical
gr: 1-2 in. per year
lc: greyish blue
fr: small, showy cones often numerous
so:
Stanley and Sons Nursery

Abies koreana 'Blauer Eskimo'
ha: dwarf, spreading forming a wide cushion in time
gr: < 1 in. per year
lc: blue grey
or: Germany c. 1990 as witches broom of 'Blauer Pfiff'
so:
Stanley and Sons Nursery

Abies koreana 'Blauer Pfiff'
ha: smaller tree, broadly conical, more compacgt
fc: bright blue to blue-green
or: from irradiated seed (Germany) , thought to be from Wittboldt-Mueller of Germany.
so: email source at
Porterhowse Farms

Abies koreana 'Blau Zwo'
gr: slower than species typical
fc: blue-grey
or: Wurstemeyer Nur. of Germany
so: email source at
Porterhowse Farms

Abies koreana 'Blinsham Gold'
ha: flat-, spreading, older plants more conical
lc: golden-yellow
or: Kenwith Nurseries UK as 'Aurea' seedling before 2001

Abies koreana 'Blue and Silver'
ns: listed name in the RHS PLANT FINDER 2003-4

Abies koreana 'Blue Emperor'
ha: compact, slower growing
lc: rich blue, the best color to date (2003) per Kenwith Nurseries
in: Kenwith Nurseries UK c. 2002

Abies koreana 'Blue Eskimo'
ha: low mound
lc: light blue

Abies koreana 'Blue Magic'
ha: pyramidal
lc: rich light, silvery-blue
in: Kenwith Nurseries UK c. 2002

Abies koreana 'Blue Standard'
frt: cones dark violet
in: Jeddeloph Nursery, Germany c. 1962
li: Lewis, J. 1987. Int. con. reg. Part 1. RHS, London.

Abies koreana 'Blue Star'
lc: very rich blue

Abies koreana 'Bonsai Blue' (11/01)
ht: 1.8m x 1.6m
ha: dwarf
lc: rich blue
photo, source, origin:
Hachmann (online catalog 2001)

Abies koreana 'Brevifolia' illegitimate name
ha: compact, slower
ll: 6-10mm
lw: 2mm
lt: leaves shorter, loosely arranged
lc: dull green above, greyish-white markings below
frd: female cones smaller than species typical
frc: female cones violet, somewhat showy
or: Jeddeloh Nur. Germany c. 1965
ns: name is post-1959. Should be renamed if it proves valuable over time.
li: Krussman. 1979. Hand.
li: Lewis, J. 1987. Int. con. reg. Part 1. RHS, London.

Abies koreana 'Cis'
ha: extreme miniature, globose, resembling A. balsamea 'Nana'
gr: 0.5-1.0 in. per year
lc: dark glossy green
in: Roelvink Nur. of Holland c. 1989
so:
Stanley and Sons Nursery

Abies koreana 'Compact Dwarf' ('Compacta', nana hort.)
ha: compact, dwarf, usually symmetrical, 5-8cm growth a year (per denOuden & Boom)
ll: shorter than species typical
or: unknown.

Abies koreana 'Compacta' = 'Compact Dwarf'

Abies koreana 'Crystal Globe'
in: dwarf, "slightly faster" and "more robust" than most dwarf clones
in: Kenwith Nurseries UK c. 2002

Abies koreana 'Dark Hill' (11/01)
ht: 50cm tall x 60-70cm wide
ha: dwarf
lc: dark green with silvery stomatal bands

Abies koreana 'Doni Tajuso'
ha: dwarf
in: about 2001

Abies koreana 'Flava'
frc: female strobili yellowish-brown when mature, seed wings dark brown
or: Kornick Arb. Poland 1933 as seedling, Japanese seed source

Abies koreana 'Fliegender Untertasse'
ha: prostrate, contorted branches
lc: green, showing much silver
or: Germany
ns: the name means "flying saucer"
so:
Stanley and Sons Nursery

Abies koreana 'Frosty'
ns: listed name from Larch Cottage Nurseries UK 2003

Abies koreana 'Gait'
ha: dwarf, globose at first, eventually narrowly upright to nearly fastigiate or conical.
gr: 2 in. per
ht: 3 ft. tall x 1 ft. wide
lc: dark green
in: Roelvink Nur. Holland c. 1990
so:
Stanley and Sons Nursery

Abies koreana 'Gelbbunt'
ha: dwarf, compact
lc: dark green mottled yellow
or: Horstmann c. 1978
so:
Stanley and Sons Nursery

Abies koreana 'Glauca'
lc: rich blue
or: Stanley and Sons (online catalog 2001) say it was
or: developed by chemical treatments in Holland.
ns: the name is not valid and probably has another name by now.

Abies koreana 'Golden Glow'
ha: compact, dwarf
lc: yellowish orange
or: Konijn Nur. Holland
so:
Stanley and Sons Nursery

Abies koreana 'Goldener Traum' ('Golden Dream')
ha: compact, shrub-like, vase-shaped at first, later more conical
lc: yellow to lime green with some leaves both green and yellow. Best color in winter.
so:
Stanley and Sons Nursery

Abies koreana 'Green Carpet'
ha: dwarf, flat, spreading
gr: 2 in. per year
lc: rich forest green
so:
Stanley and Sons Nursery

Abies koreana 'Gruebele'
ha: miniature, globose
lc: green
so:
Stanley and Sons Nursery

Abies koreana 'Hexenbesen Horstman'
ns: said to be a dwarf 'Silberlocke' type from Horstman. It is surely one of the named
ns: clones listed below

Abies koreana 'Hexenbesen Wursten'
ns: said to be a dwarf 'Silberlocke' type. Could it be

Abies koreana 'Horstmann'
ha: dwarf, 2cm growth a year, subglobose, narrower base
ll: 11mm
lw: 1.75mm
lc: dark green above
or: Horstmann Nursery, Germany before 1985

Abies koreana 'Horstmann's Silberlocke' = 'Silberlocke'

Abies koreana 'Inverleith'
ns: listed name from Kenwith Nurseries UK c. 2002

Abies koreana 'Kohout'
ha: dwarf, mounded
lt: twisted needles, showing much silver
in: Kenwith Nurseries UK c. 2002

Abies koreana 'Lippetal'
ha: dwarf, compact, somewhat irregular. Stanley and Sons (online catalog 2001) states "main leaders
ha: seem to die out and plant takes different directions".
ll: very tiny needles
lc: medium green
or: Gordon Haddow speculates it may be a hybrid to A. delavayi

Abies koreana 'Luminetta' ('Aurea' in part)
ha: slower growing
lc: bright golden yellow
ns: 'Aurea' is a post-1959 and therefore illegitimate name

Abies koreana 'Nana' = 'Compact Dwarf' AND 'Prostrate Beauty'
ns: this name can refer to either defined clone.

Abies koreana 'Nadelkissen' (1/02)
ha: dense, globose to cushion-form, slower than 'Silbermavers'
lc: silvery green due to twisted leaf showing stomata.
so:
Coenosium Gardens (website 2002)

Abies koreana 'Nanaimo'
ha: average vigor, more compact than species typical
frc: violet cones often numerous and showy

Abies koreana 'Nisbet'
ha: slower, shrub-like, vase-shaped in time
lc: dull green tinged yellow
or: A.H. Nisbet, UK
in: Kenwith Nur. UK c. 1983
li: Lewis, J. 1987. Int. con. reg. Part 1. RHS, London.

Abies koreana 'Oberon' (11/01)
ha: extreme dwarf, miniature in fact, leaves radial and almost Hebe-like. Older plants more conical.
buds: showy white in white
lc: bright green
so:
Taanum

Abies koreana 'Orange Glow'
ha: low, spreading
lc: dark golden tinged orange in winter
in: Kenwith Nurseries UK 2003

Abies koreana 'Pancake' (10/4)
ha: flat, spreading as the name implies

Abies koreana 'Piccolo'
ha: dwarf, lacking a terminal leader, eventually spreading to pendulous like Tsuga canadensis 'Coles Prostrate'
lc: green
ll: very reduced size

Abies koreana 'Pinocchio'
ha: dwarf, very dense, subglobose, 2 inches growth a year or less
lc: rich green

Abies koreana 'Pompom' ('Hexenbezen Wustemeyer')
ha: slow and globose
gr: 4-5cm per year
lc: bright green
or: witches broom in 1980 by W. Wustemeyer of Schermbeck W. Germany
li: Welch, H.J. 1990. The conifer manual. Kluwer Press. p. 140 (new name)
li: Bull. Amer. Con. Soc. 1(3): 91 (1984)

Abies koreana 'Procumbens' = 'Taiga' (in part)

Abies koreana 'Prostrata' = 'Prostrate Beauty'

Abies koreana 'Prostrate Beauty' ('Nana' in part, 'Prostrata')
ha: irregular, often vigorous, spreading to horizontal, some branchlet upcurving
id: it often cones freely as young plants unlike 'Compact Dwarf' which never produces cones
frc: three clones are known with female cones of blue, grey, or green.
ns: this is a polyclonal cultivar with clones of various cone colored noted above.
or: probably a cultivariant (propagated lower branch), known from the Arnold Arb. and
or: Gotelli collections in the 60's if not before.

Abies koreana 'Renaults Dwarf'
ha: compact, dwarf
li: Lewis, J. 1987. Int. con. reg. Part 1. RHS, London.

Abies koreana 'Silberkugel' ('Silberkruegal'?)
ha: dwarf, flat-topped to subglobse, shrub, more dense than 'Silberlocke'
ll: 10mm
lw: 1.8mm
lc: yellow-green with twisted needles revealing silvery undersides
in, or: Horstmann Nur. of Germany before 1986 when introduced
so: email source at
Porterhowse Farms

Abies koreana 'Silberlocke' ('Horstmann's Silberlocke', 'Silver Curls'?, 'Silverlade'?, 'Silverlock')
ha: more vigorous and large in time than 'Silberperl', 'Silberkugel' but less so than 'Silberrief'. It is semi-dwarf for
ha: most climates, averaging 1.5-3.0 inches growth a year. Some report vigor as high as 4-6 in. in good nursery
ha: culture. It is thus slow to form a leading and good training is therefore essential to get a good form in the
ha: long term. It is easily trained in a colorful pyramid.
frc: violet cones appear on youngish plants and give an added bonus.
lt: needles closely set, distinctly spiralled revealing the silvery stomates. A very distinct and showy plant.
eval: a wonderful plant and surely essential for any conifer collection that wants to highlight the
eval: diverse beauty of needles. I was shocked to see it thrive in hot 95 degree and humid sun at the
eval: Atlanta Bot. Gard. in July 2003 with only the least bit of faint shade. It is toughter than most of
eval: us with Abies aversion in the hot US states may have thought.
or: Horstmann Nursery, Germany before 1983
ns: It is not 'Horstmann', a very different clone from the same nursery.
li: Lewis, J. 1987. Int. con. reg. Part 1. RHS, London.

Abies koreana 'Silber Mavers'
ha: very dwarf, slower than 'Silberlocke' by some margin., eventually a tiny globe or bun.
lc: twisted needles reveal silvery stomatal zones. The colors are blue-green and silver more than
lc: the green and silver of others.


Abies koreana 'Silberperl'
ha: miniature, dwarf forming a flattened globe - more suitable for rock
ha: gardens than most of the other 'Silber' types.
ll: 6-12mm
lw: 2mm
lc: green but twisted to reveal many silver stomatal bands
or: Horstmann Nur. of Germany, introduced by them about 1986
so: email source at
Porterhowse Farms

Abies koreana 'Silberreif'
gr: faster than 'Silberlocke' which is often too slow for many gardens
lc: dark green and silver like 'Silberlocke'
or: seedling in Hachmann Nur.
li: Hachmann Nursery Catalog 1982

Abies koreana 'Silberzwerg'
ha: dwarf, wider than high and subglobose
lt: twisted needles showing much silver
ns: we first saw this name in Greer Gardens catalog 1996: 61.
or: Germany

Abies koreana 'Silberschmeltzer'
ns: listed name
c. 2001

Abies koreana 'Silver Show'
ha: narrow, trees to 20 feet are reported and that would take 'Silberlocke' a century?
lt: needles curled as 'Silberlocke' but a plant of different origins and vigor
or: K. Wittboldt-Mueller, Germany c. 1970
in: Kromhout, Holland 1976
li: Lewis, J. 1987. Int. con. reg. Part 1. RHS, London.

Abies koreana 'Starker's Dwarf' ('Stark's Dwarf')
ht: 125cm tall x 50cm wide (15 years)
ha: subglobose, dwarf, extremely dense, often flat-topped with age
or: C. Starker, Jennings Lodge, OR USA received from Canada c. 1960

Abies koreana 'Verdener Dom' (11/01)
ha: narrowly conical, semi-dwarf
lc: bright green
lt: thicker needles than species typical
photo, source, origin:
Hachmann (online catalog 2001)

Abies koreana 'Taiga' ('Procumbens' in part)
ha: low, spreading. More delimiting characters are needed.
lc: dark rich green
frc: numerous blue female cones appear in youth.

Abies koreana 'Threave'
ns: listed name from Kenwith Nurseries UK c. 2002

Abies koreana 'True Blue'
lc: rich blue, more so than even 'Blauern Pfiff', 'Blaue Zwo', and 'Blue Star'
or: 1993

Abies koreana 'Tundra' (11/01)
ht: 40cm tall x 60cm wide
ha: mounded to globose
photo, source, origin:
Hachmann (online catalog 2001)

Abies koreana 'Winter Goldtip'
ns: listed name with Lincluden Nursery UK in 2003, presumably as described in the name.

Abies koreana 'Wuestmeyer' ('Zwergform Wuestmeyer')
ha: dwarf, erect, densely borne needles in radial arrangements
in: Horstmann, Germany 1986
or: presumably from a conifer grower of this name
li: Lewis, J. 1987. Int. con. reg. Part 1. RHS, London.

Abies 'Waldgrenze' (Abies koreana x A. lasiocarpa 'Glauca')
or: Muller Nursery, Germany before 2001