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NOS CALADIUM PAGE

Copyright 2001. New Ornamentals Society. All Rights Reserved.
For use by current society members only. All other access is unlawful


Rumor has it that there have been about 1000 named cultivars of Caladium in cultivation, most of them of now out of commercial production and quite a few likely lost forever. Our research has uncovered good documentation on less than 350 cultivars and only about 50 in commercial production today. It is this later number we will focus on here. Graf's Exotica and Tropica works are good references for some of the cultivars no longer favored today but still found in collections and conservatories. Caladium.com offers many nice photographs of those cultivars covered below.

The so-called "lance-leaved" group are cultivars with narrowly blades (rarely if ever lanceolate) with crowded, almost fasciated veins. This makes their veins more highly arched or bowed than regular leaf types. The secondary veins which are often the most colorful can be more numerous, adding even more delight. Most of them have undulate or wavy margins, sometimes crinkled or crisped, and very long acuminate points. Their leaf bases are less deeply sagittate and are often cordate, sometimes shallowly so. They are less familiar to folks and made a good first impression and then some. Somehow the elegance of less formality they give suits the modern eye a bit better. They are sharper, narrowly arrowheads and we will denote this general group as "ls: lance-leaved" below since the name is long established in the trade and literature.


Caladium x hortulanum 'Aaron'

lc: creamy white center with a narrow green margin

Caladium x hortulanum 'Blaze'

ht: shorter than hybrid typical
lc: scarlet

Caladium x hortulanum 'Blue Gem'

lc: blue-green
ls: lance-leaved

Caladium x hortulanum 'Brandywine'

lc: red center to 90% of surface.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Caloosahatchie'

lc: mottled white, pink, and green
ls: lance-leaved

Caladium x hortulanum 'Candidum'

lc: mostly white centered with a green margin
eval: the best known white cultivar. 'Candidum Junior' is a shorter version, sometimes preferred.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Candidum Junior' ('Candidum Jr.')

ht: shorter than 'Candidum' and thus more suitable for small gardens and foundation plantings.
lc: white centered with green margin as 'Candidum'

Caladium x hortulanum 'Carolyn Morton'

lc: multicolored, consisting of pink and red mottlings on green. Red veins. Very bright and colorful.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Crimson Wave'

lc: translucent red in the center
lm: distinctly crinkled or undulate, hence the word wave.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Doctor Grover' ('Dr. Grover')

lc: mottled bright, translucent pink with green margins. Bright red veins.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Elise'

lc: mottled light pink to 50% of surface. Veins green and contrasting well.
ns: same as 'Florida Elise'?

Caladium x hortulanum 'Etta Moore'

ht: dwarf
lc: translucent white and pink in complex venation and patterns. Olive green margins.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Fannie Munson'

lc: hot pink with red veins and green margins.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Festiva'

lc: translucent red center.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Fire Chief'

lc: crimson red
lt: heavy, thick blades.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Florida Calypso'

lc: red secondary veins on green with white mottling to about 30% of surface.
in: Univ. of Florida USA

Caladium x hortulanum 'Florida Cardinal'

lc: red centered and veined to about 50% of surface. White appears between the red and center on some blades
lc: but many are only red and green.
lt: blades are thick and sun resistant in Florida
in: Univ. of Florida USA

Caladium x hortulanum 'Florida Elise'

lc: mottled light pink to 40% of surface. Dark green base color
lt: thicker, more sun resistant blades.
in: Univ. of Florida

Caladium x hortulanum 'Florida Fantasy'

lc: white to about 98% of surface with red secondary and tertiary veins.
in: Univ. of Florida USA 1990

Caladium x hortulanum 'Florida Sweetheart'

ht: 15 in. - shorter
lc: white and light pink with red veins and a green margin. Very complex reticulation of red and pink
lc: veins near or inside the the margins. Older leaves are more red-centered. It is highly variable but
lc: quite colorful. Somehow the combo of colors does not suit everyone's taste but many just love. Individual
lc: are breathtakingly complex and lovely but the overall uniformity one expects with some cultivars is missing.
lm: undulate or wavy
lt: thick, sun tolerant blades
in: Univ. of Florida USA 1990

Caladium x hortulanum 'Frieda Hemple'

ht: shorter than most reds
lc: red centered
lt: thicker blades than typical
eval: long a classic red cultivar but some of the newer ones like 'Florida Cardinal' may challenge it in future.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Gingerland'

lc: mottled red on white with green margins.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Ithacapus'

lc: dark red with brighter red spots.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Ivory'

lc: creamy-white (ivory) with yellowish-green tints.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Jackie Suthers'

lc: complex net of white veins on dark green. Secondary veins are particularly wide and bold.

Caladium x hortulanum 'John Peed'

lc: bright metallic red center.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Jorchy'

ht: lower than hybrid typical
lc: red centered
lt: thicker blades than typical

Caladium x hortulanum 'June Bride'

lc: translucent white centers with green tones mixed in.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Kathleen'

lc: light salmon pink center with green margins

Caladium x hortulanum 'Lord Derby'

lc: translucent pink center with green margins.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Miss Chicago'

lc: flushed pink and white with red veins.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Miss Muffet'

lc: light green with irregular red spots. There is white at the base and on veins.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Mrs. Arno Nehrling'

lc: off white with bronze-red tints and red veins.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Mrs. F.M. Joyner'

lc: white tinged pink with red midrib.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Mrs. Haldeman'

lc: bright pink with green margins.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Pink Beauty'

lc: mottled pink with darker pink veins.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Pink Cloud'

lc: light green variegated with pink margins.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Pink Gem'

lc: dark pink with green margins. White appears between darker pink veins.
ls: lance-leaved.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Pink Symphony'

lc: silvery-pink or white flushed pink with irregular green margins. Secondary veins are green but only thinnly so.
lc: The midrib is often half green and half white
ls: lance-leaved

Caladium x hortulanum 'Poecile Anglais'

ht: shorter than most red
lc: red centered
lt: thicker blades

Caladium x hortulanum 'Postman Joyner'

lc: dark red centered
eval: probably the most widely sold dark red cultivar of all time.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Red Ensign'

lc: bright metallic red center.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Red Flare'

lc: scarlet red mottled.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Red Flash'

lc: red with pink spots and green margins.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Red Frill'

lc: solid glossy red center with dark green margins
lm: margins undulate or frilled to a nice degree.
ls: lance-leaved

Caladium x hortulanum 'Rosalie'

lc: glossy red with green margins
ls: lance-leaved

Caladium x hortulanum 'Rosebud'

lc: rich frosty pink with light green margins.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Ruby Smith'

lc: crimson
ll: larger blade than most reds.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Scarlet Beauty'

lc: scarlet center to 75% of surface. Mottled red at the interface of center and margin.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Scarlet Pimpernell'

ht: 30 in.
lc: white-green with red veins and a small red center.

Caladium x hortulanum 'Seagull'

lc: green with white veins

Caladium x hortulanum 'Texas Beauty'

ht: dwarf
lc: bronze-green spotted and mottled pink.

Caladium x hortulanum 'The Thing'

lc: 80% dark green with white secondary veins that reach only part way to the margins. Irregular red spots occur.
lc: There are some white tertiary veins for added interest.

Caladium x hortulanum 'White Christmas'

ht: 20 in.
lc: solid white over entire blade with complex green venation. The midrib and secondary veins are uniformly
lc: green and the tertiarys are only partly green. The quaternary veins are randomly and thinnly green but mostly
lc: white overall.
lt: thick, durable blades.
lw: wide blades form a dense plant and lots of complex texture in the landscape.

Caladium x hortulanum 'White Queen'

ht: 20 in.
lc: all white with red midrib, secondary, and tertiary veins. Tertiary and quaternary veins are often green and
lc: complex in their reticulations. They are most green near the midrib.

Caladium x hortulanum 'White Wing'

lc: creamy white center with green margins
ls: lance-leaved