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NOS
CHAMAECYPARIS
PISIFERA
PAGE

cones - click image
Raleigh Rose Garden, NC USA. Summer 2003. The specific epithet means "pea bearing" and these tiny like cones when raw and green do resemble
the vegetable.

bark - click image
Biltmore Estate, Asheville, NC USA. Summer 2003.

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Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Abel'
ns: a listed name from Firma Esveld 2004.

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Albopicta'
ns: a listed name in the UK since 1968, almost certainly illegitimate.

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Albovariegata' = 'Argenteovariegata'

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Allen'
ns: a listed name prior to 1983.

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Argentea' = 'Argenteovariegata' and perhaps 'Plumosa Argentea'

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Argentea Pygmaea'
ha: semi-dwarf, looser than 'Squarrosa Pygmaea' and with more adult foliage
in: Bergman c. 1965
ns: an illegitimate name to date 

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Argenteovariegata'
lc: mottled silvery-white, not always consistantly colored

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Arnhem'
so: Porterhowse (online catalog 2003, no description)

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Aurea'
lc: golden yellow, becoming green in older growth
or: gold sports of both the species and 'Plumosa' are fairly common.

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Aurea Compacta' = 'Aurea Nana'

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Aurea Nana'
ha: dwarf, globose, often loose, slower
lc: golden yellow much like a smaller 'Lutea'
id: the original clone may be lost. 'Strathmore' is a solid clone of this general sort.

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Aurea Nova' = 'Lutea'

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Aurea Pendula' illegitimate name
ha: dwarf, irregular and cascading mound of golden threads.
ns: this clearly post-1959 name was a puzzler until we found it on Girard Nurseries site in 2004.
ns: As wonderful and talented a nursery as they are, they seem hopefully impaired in terms of
ns: of modern, code-validated nomenclature and regularly unleash new Latin phrases for
ns: discoveries that are generally good and sometimes very amazing.

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Aureovariegata'
ha: semi-dwarf, eventually a smallish tree or large shrub
lc: mottled golden yellow

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Avenue'
or: Hull Farm,, Essex UK c. 1988

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Baby Blue' ('New Boulevard')
lt: 'Squarrosa' type but more finely textured
lc: blue
or: Australia as 'Boulevard' sport c. 1993.

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Baby Blue Ice' (1/4)
ht: 3 ft. tall x 2 ft. wide (10 years)
ha: mean of 4 in. growth per year
lc: darker blue than parent 'Baby Blue', also a very icy blue color
or: Stanley & Sons, OR USA as sport of 'Baby Blue' in 1998
so: Stanley and Sons (online catalog 2004)

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Blue Feather'
ha: conical, semi-dwarf, very feathery look
lc: blue
ns: there is also a C. obtusa of this name. As we have not seen this stock any comparisons
ns: are to be awaited. It is very possible the name occurs several times for several things.

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Blue Globe'
ha: dwarf, dense, globose
lc: rich blue-green to blue
id: perhaps a more globose 'Squarrosa Intermedia' or even a rename of 'Squarrosa Dumosa'

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Blue Mound'
ha: mounded to compact, variable, easily trained as topiary, 6-12 inches growth a year
lc: aqua-blue
or: derived from the very variable 'Squarrosa Intermedia' as are other clones, probably including 'Blue Globe' and 'Dwarf Blue'

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Boulevard'
ha: pyramidal, quite vigorous
lc: rich blue more gray-blue in winter, bronzing less than 'Squarrosa' but still noticably so in cold climates.
ll: longer than 'Squarrosa' as typical
lt: very soft, juvenile foliage, occasionally reverting to the species which it barely resembles.

Chamaecyparis pisifera ['Boulevard' variegated sport]
ns: reports of sports are in the trade. We cannot yet pin down a single good clone worthy of a name.

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Bowland'
ns: a listed name in the UK c. 1998.

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Brabaham'
ns: a listed name c. 2002. Description needed.

Chamaecyparis pisifera FILIFERA GROUP 'Bright Gold'
ha: dwarf, globose to mounded
lt: thread-like
lc: bright golden yellow
id: similar to 'Golden Mops' but perhaps superior by one report.

Chamaecyparis pisifera FILIFERA GROUP 'Cleary's Variegated'
lt: thread-like
lc: variegated in some manner. We have no seen one. Comparison to the existing variegated Filiferas is suggested.
li: Hatch, L.C. 1983. Ref. guide to ornamental pl. cultivars. Taxonomic Computer Research. p. 64 (name only)

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Clouded Sky'
ha: pyramidal, open, vigorous
lc: blue on both sides
lt: similar to species the first year, becoming juvenile, acicular later much like a 'Squarrosa' type

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Cloverlea'
so: Porterhowse (online catalog 2004, no description)

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Columnaris'
ha: dense, columnar, branches shorter

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Compacta'
ha: dwarf, flat mound to globose, similar to a looser form of 'Nana'
lc: blue-green

'Compacta Variegata' - click image
US National Arboretum. Summer 2004. Note the variable patches where the growth rate changes from slow to faster, more variegated to less.

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Compacta Variegata'
ha: dwarf, flat mound to globose much like 'Compacta'
lc: flecked and lightly mottled cream to white
id: it is looser variant of 'Nana Variegata' type and commonly occurs from it.

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Compressa' some= 'Plumosa Compressa'?
ns: a dubious name from the USA c. 1972 (per RHS Checklist), not taxonomically defined. Name illegitimate.

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Compressa Aurea' provisional name
ha:dwarf, flat-topped
lc: yellowish-green, more cream-tipped in spring

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Concolor'
ha: vigorous
lc: green, lacking obvious white stomatal lines

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Corallina' = C. obtusa 'Coralliformis'

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Cornish Blue'
ha, lt, ll: similar to 'Boulevard'
lc: said to be more colorful than the original 'Boulevard' 

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Cream Ball' ('Plumosa Cream Ball')
ha: globose, very dwarf
lc: silvery-cream
lt: divergent as 'Plumosa'
or: Canada
li: Hatch, L.C. 1983. Ref. guide to ornamental pl. cultivars. Taxonomic Computer Research. p. 64

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Curly Tops'
ha: globose, semi-dwarf
ht: 4-5 ft.
lc: bright blue showing lots of white stomata, very similar to 'Boulevard'
lt: shoots twisted, curled, much like a 'Boulevard' with twisted apices

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Cyanoviridis' = 'Boulevard'

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Devon Cream'
ha: dwarf, upright pyramidal
gr: 3-6 in. per year
lc: new growth white becoming blue like a 'Boulevard'
lt: juvenile
or: England

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Dumosa'
ns: a listed name with Renault, France c. 1972 and certainly illegitimate in Latin form. Probably the same as
ns: 'Squarrosa Dumosa'.

'Dwarf Blue' - click image
Gotelli Collection, US National Arboretum. Spring 2003.

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Dwarf Blue'
ha, lt, lc: similar to 'Squarrosa Intermedia' but in the modern trade a recognizable, compact variant that is
ha, lt, lc: densely conical to broadly pyramidal and mostly lacking long extending arms of irregularly crested
ha, lt, lc: and tufted foliage.
id: some 'Squarrosa Intermedia' will be neat and dense similar to this but many are vigorous and open
id: entities that are very distinct.

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Erecta'
ha: compact, pyramidal, erect
lc: light green
so: probably lost to cultivation

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Ericoides'
ha: compact, pyramidal to ovale, dense
lt: juvenile
lc: light green, bronzing to brownish in winter
id: many plants under this name are C. thyoides 'Ericoides'.

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Evening Glow'
ht: 2m x 1.5m wide (10 years)
ha: compact, pyramidal
lc: greenish-yellow, more bright glowing gold in cold weather
or: sport of 'Squarrosa Dumosa'
in: Cedar Lodge Nurseries, NZ. Their 2004 online catalog
in: states it is no longer produced by them.

'Filifera' - click image
Maymont Foundation Gardens, Richmond, VA USA. Summer 2003. This does immediately appear to be a large speciman but if you look at the people, vehicle, and cedar nearby it
proves to be a champion in the Southeast US at least.

Chamaecyparis pisifera FILIFERA GROUP 'Filifera'
ha: smaller, mounded when young, later pyramidal and tree-like. Plants may form large colonies after 3 or more
ha: decades as lower limbs self-layer and form small erect trees about the main trunk.
lt: long, thread-like, pendulous tips
lc: medium green to gray-green

Chamaecyparis pisifera FILIFERA GROUP 'Filifera Argenteovariegata'
ha, lt: as 'Filifera'
lc: mottled white

'Filifera Aurea' - click image
Biltmore Gardens, Asheville, NC. Summer 2003. One of the finest uses of the gold-thread cypress I have seen. These full, fat twenty footers contast with the rose garden and the roof tiles in a manner
as spectacular as that massive walled garden.

Chamaecyparis pisifera FILIFERA GROUP 'Filifera Aurea'
ha, lt: as 'Filifera'
lc: bright golden yellow

Chamaecyparis pisifera FILIFERA GROUP 'Filifera Aurea Nana'
ha: dwarf, mounded to globose, smaller than 'Filifera Aurea'
lc: bright golden yellow
id: originated mainly from side cuttings of 'Filifera Aurea'
eval: 'Golden Mops' is generally superior

Chamaecyparis pisifera FILIFERA GROUP 'Filifera Aureomarginata'
ns: a listed name from the UK c. 1987, probably an error. 

Chamaecyparis pisifera FILIFERA GROUP 'Filifera Aureovariegata'
ha, lt: as 'Filifera'
lc: mottled yellow

Chamaecyparis pisifera FILIFERA GROUP 'Filifera Crispa'
ha: conical, dense
lt: as 'Filifera' but with more juvenile, needle-type leaves
lc: blue-green

'Filifera Flava' - click image
Gotelli Collection. Spring 2003. This more subtle cultivar has no merit over the brighter 'Filifera Aurea'

Chamaecyparis pisifera FILIFERA GROUP 'Filifera Flava'
ha, lt: as 'Filifera'
lc: light yellow, not as gold as 'Filifera Aurea'

Chamaecyparis pisifera FILIFERA GROUP 'Filifera Gracilis'
ha: narrower than 'Filigera', branches in tufts
lc: lighter green than 'Filifera', even yellowish.
id: some consider it the same or at least mixed up with 'Filifera Flava'. Good study on the two is needed.

Chamaecyparis pisifera FILIFERA GROUP 'Filifera Nana'
ha: dwarf, wider than tall
lt: as 'Filifera'
lc: dark green

Chamaecyparis pisifera FILIFERA GROUP 'Filifera Variegata' = 'Filifera Aureovariegata'?

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Filiformis' = 'Filifera' 

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Flavescens'
lc: light yellow
so: probably lost to cultivation unless it is the 'Flavescens Nana' or 'Plumosa Flavescens' shown below. 'Aurea' and 'Lutea' are thought to be similar.

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Flavescens Nana'
ht: 6-10 ft tall x 4-6 ft. wide
ha: dwarf, pyramidal, bearing numerous erect flame-like tufts of foliage, giving an irregular silhouette
lc: yellow becoming yellowish-green
lt: slightly divergent, smaller leaf than most of this group

'Flavescens Nana' - click image
Gotelli Collection, US National Arboretum. Summer 2004. This clone is exceedingly rare, at under this name.

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Fuiri-tsukomo'
ns: a listed name from collections. Detailed description needed.

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Gekko' ('Gekko Hiba')
lt: divergent as 'Plumosa'
lc: new growth white to suffused white
id: this is the larger, pyramidal version of what is called 'Snow'. see 'Hakko' for a similar clone.
li: Hatch, L.C. 1983. Ref. guide to ornamental pl. cultivars. Taxonomic Computer Research. p. 64

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Girard's Albo-variegata' illegitimate name
so: Porterhowse (online catalog 2003, no description)
ns: a recent years Girard Nurseries OH USA has offered a plant that is similar or identical to 'Nana Variegata'

Chamaecyparis pisifera FILIFERA GROUP 'Golden Charm' (12/00)
ht: 7-8 ft. tall x 5-6 ft. wide
ha: compact, erect conical with age, mop-like as young plants.
lt: thread-leaf, filifera-type
lc: bright golden yellow
photo, wholesale source:
Monrovia Nursery

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Golden Pyramid'
ns: a listed name from Firma Esveld 2004.

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Glaucescens Sulphurea' = 'Squarrosa Sulphurea'

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Gold Cascade'
ns: a listed name from Goscote Nurseries, UK c. 2002

Chamaecyparis pisifera FILIFERA GROUP 'Gold Cushion'
ha: dwarf, mounded
lc: yellow
id: a name used in the UK for something probably close to 'Golden Mops' 

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Gold Dust'
ha: dwarf, mounded
lc: dark green mottled and suffused gold
id: some plants under this name are referred to 'Plumosa Aurea' and are not dusted or mottled in gold

'Golden Mop' ('Golden Mops') - click image
Riverbanks Botanical Garden, Columbia SC USA. Summer 2004. Used as a border plant this beauty is bright and picks up nice shades from the yellow flowers.

Chamaecyparis pisifera FILIFERA GROUP 'Golden Mop' ('Golden Mops')
ha: compact, slower, semi-dwarf, globose to pyramidal with age, usually a mound as young plants
lt: as 'Filifera'
lc: bright golden yellow
id: it is considered a good clone of 'Filifera Aurea Nana' which is a variable cultivariant with
id: many phases, some good and some awful. It can revert to something closer to 'Filifera Aurea'

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Golden Pincushion'
ha: low mound, dense
ht: 24 in. to date
lc: dark green with bright golden yellow tips

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Golden Sands'
ha: upright, vase-shaped, slower than than similar 'Plumosa Rogersii', 4-6 in. growth a year
lc: green suffused or tinged yellow, some white spots
or: New Zealand

'Golden Spangle' - click image
Dawes Arboretum. Summer 2003. I've never liked this compromise between the thread types and the ferny species spray. It is also too green for my tastes. 'Plumosa Aurea'
acheives a nicer effect in my opinion. LCH.

Chamaecyparis pisifera FILIFERA GROUP 'Golden Spangle'
ha: upright, conical to more pyramidal in time
lc: bright golden yellow, said to be more sun resistant
lt: somewhat intermediate between 'Filifera Aurea' and 'Aurea'

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Gracilis'
ha: branchlets narrower, sprays smaller
lc: brighter green than species typical

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Greg's Green Upright'
ha: upright, vigorous
lt: as 'Squarrosa'
lc: greener than 'Squarrosa'

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Greg's Reversion'
ha: twisted, irregular
lc: green to blue-green
ns: it is apparently the same as 'Greg's Green Upright'
lsp: JC Raulston Arboretum.

Chamaecyparis pisifera FILIFERA GROUP 'Green Mop' ('Green Mops')
ha: irregularly subglobose to mounded
lc: green
or: this is a non-leadered, laterally dominant cultivariant of 'Filifera'  just as 'Golden Mops'
or: is the same for 'Filifera Aurea'. How this entity differs from 'Filifera Nana' and 'Green Threads'
or: currently unclear.

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Green Pincushion'
ha: dwarf, globose, very dense and tight, one of the smallest known clones
lc: medium green
in: Kenwith Nurseries c. 2003

Chamaecyparis pisifera FILIFERA GROUP 'Green Spangle'
ns: a listed name from Holland 1970's, presumably for the green version of 'Golden Spangle'

Chamaecyparis pisifera FILIFERA GROUP 'Green Thread'
ha: said to be similar to 'Golden Mops'
lc: bright green
ns: It is unclear how this differs from 'Filifera Nana'
so: Twombly Nur. 203-261-2133

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Green Velvet'
lt: juvenile or divergent as 'Squarrosa'
lc: light, bright green - not blue as most 'Squarrosa' type

'Haku' ('Hakko Hiba') - click image
JC Raulston Arboretum. Summer 2003.

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Haku' (Hakko', 'Haku Hiba', 'Hakko Hiba')
ht: 12 ft. (20 years)
ha: semi-dwarf, eventually a loose open, narrowly pyramidal tree
lc: new growth mostly white, the newest needles white-tipped into summer.
ns: may be the same as 'Gekko' but sometimes listed apart.
id: this is a stronger, erect version of 'Snow'
or: Japan
lsp: cultivated at the JC Raulston Arboretum since the mid 80's. It was distributed to the trade also.

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Hime Himuro'
ha: dwarf, conical
lc: blue-green

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Hime Savara' ('Hime Sawara'?)
ha: very dwarf, a true "tennis ball" pygmy
lc: dark green

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Honiton Lace' (7/01)
ht: 1m tall
ha: broadly upright, semi-dwarf
lc: medium dark green spotted silvery white
so:
Roberts Nurseries

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Home Bush'
so: Stanley and Sons (online catalog 2004, no description)

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Iceberg' (7/01)
ha: dwarf, globose, larger than 'Snow'
or: Cedar Lodge Nurseries NZ 1991 as sport of 'Snow'
id: should be compared to 'Gekko' which is another larger plant with  'Snow'-like traits.
so:
Gee Farms

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Juniperoides Aurea'
ha: dwarf, conical to subglobose
lc: rich golden-yellow, even in winter months

'Kanammi'  - click imager
Gotelli Collection, USNA. Summer 2004. This is probably a typo for C. obtusa 'Kanaamihiba' which some now call C. obtusa 'Lycopodioides Aurea'

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'King's Gold'
so: Edelweissnursery.com (online catalog 2004, no description)

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Laetvirens'
ha: compact, erect
lc: light yellowish-green
so: probably lost to gardens

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Leptoclada'
lt: juvenile, divergent
id: presumably a 'Squarrosa' type but this plant is incompletely understood today.

Chamaecyparis pisifera FILIFERA GROUP 'Lemon Thread'
ha: broadly conical
lc: lemon yellow
lt: thread-like
or: sport of 'Squarrosa Aurea' but having the FILIFERA GROUP look. Such shoots are not uncommon

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Lime Tart' (1/4)
so: Porterhowse (online catalog 2003, no description)

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Lombarts'
ha: dwarf, globose, somewhat open
lc: light blue

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Lutea'
ha: globose, semi-dwarf, smaller than 'Aurea' of the same age
lc: yellow

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Lutea Nova'
id: a listed name from Holland c. 1972, illegitimate. Could be the C. obtusa clone of this name.

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Margaret'
ha: upright to columnar, apex acute
lc: yellow with "cream white patches towards the top"
in: Kenwith Nursery c. 2003

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Miko' = 'Nikko'?

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Minima'
ha: dwarf, compact pyramidal to mounded, a selection from 'Compacta' that should be smaller

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Minima Aurea'
ha: compact pyramidal to mounded
lc: light yellow

'Minima Variegata' - click image

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Minima Variegata'
ha: dwarf, a smaller version of 'Nana Variegata'
lc: mottled white to cream-yellow

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Minima Silver Lode' = 'Silver Lode'

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Mops' = 'Golden Mops'

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Murphey Blue'
cvg: Squarrosa or Moss
ht: 8 ft. as young plants known to date
ha: upright pyramidal
fot: soft juvenile as 'Boulevard'
lc: brighter blue than 'Boulevard' and not known to brown at plant center
so: Roslyn Nur. 516-643-9347

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Nana'
ht: 50cm in many years
ha: dwarf, dense, flat mound to globose
lc: dark blue-green
id: reversions of it are what we call 'Compacta'

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Nana Argentea' = 'Nana Variegata'?

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Nana Aurea'
ns: a dubious and confused name, probably some being 'Aurea Nana' and perhaps others 'Plumosa Aurea Nana' and even 'Nana Aureovariegata' 

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Nana Aureovariegata' ('Nana Flavescens'?)
ha: as 'Nana'
lc: mottled and suffused golden yellow

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Nana Compacta' some= 'Compacta'

'Nana Compressa'  - click image
old conifer collection above Gotelli beds, US National Arboretum. Summer 2004. It hard to draw much conclusion from these old, hardly tended plants which grown together
and mostly uncontrolled above the well-tended, manicured Gotelli plantings. This photo is here mainly for the record. Whether these are just very old (50-70 year old) examples
or a compounding of reversions one cannot say with too much confidence. There are some dense, tufted bits remaining in the bases and perhaps they are closer to the  the original stuff.
This would be a nice plant to rescue with a diverse selection of cuttings from various portions and positions, all of them put on comparative trial.  See the photos of 'Plumosa Compressa' below.

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Nana Compressa' = 'Plumosa Compressa'?

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Nana Variegata' ('Nana Albovariegata')
ha: as 'Nana', smaller than 'Compacta Variegata' which it's reversions resemble
lc: mottled white
id: the larger, more vigorous phase of this group is called 'Compacta Variegata'

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'New Boulevard' = 'Baby Blue'

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Nikko' ('Mikko', 'Miko')
lc: whitish or tipped white
ns: this name has been equated to 'Snow' but has been listed separately.

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Parslor' ('Parslori', 'Nana Parslorii')
ha: dwarf, spreading to flat-topped, slower than 'Nana' but similar, recurving parsley-like sprays
in: Hillier Nurseries c. 1971, since sold by Kenwith in 2003

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Parson'
so: Stanley and Sons (online catalog 2004, no description)

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Pendula' provisional name
ns: a listed name from Holland c. 1989, requires renaming if distinct. 'Aurea Pendula' is a Filifera Group name.

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Pici'
ha: dwarf, compact, flat-topped, it is slower and denser than 'Squarrosa Dumosa'
lc: grey-green, bronzing in cold weather

PLUMOSA GROUP 'Plumosa' - click image
Conifer Collection, White Arboretum, Boyce VA USA. Summer 2004. It is much like the species but needles diverge or open up wider (less appressed).

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Plumosa'
ha: conical, upright
lt: feathery sprays, semi-juvenile, awl-shaped, needles more divergent than species typical
lc: bright green, silver stomates, never as blue as the SQUARROSA GROUP

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Plumosa Albopicta' ('Plumosa Albospicata')
lt: as 'Plumosa'
lc: tips white, appearing as if mottled from a distance

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Plumosa Argentea' ('Argentea'?, 'Argenteovariegata'?)
lt: as 'Plumosa'
lc: tips silvery-white later green, more colorful than 'Plumosa Albospica' but a different look
id: I'm inclined to think the original clone(s) from Japan may have been similar to 'Hakko' or 'Gekko' as
id: we see them today in the US, that is 'Plumosa'-type foliage, not dwarf, and having silvery-white
id: new growth that fades to green to silvery-green. These variants have always been beloved in
id: Japan and no doubt were introduced among the first of the good cultivars. As the new needles
id: are clearly tipped white the description of them being "splashed white" would apply.

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Plumosa Aurea'
lt: as 'Plumosa'
lc: golden yellow

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Plumosa Aurea Adpressa Compacta' = 'Plumosa Compressa'

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Plumosa Aurea Compacta'
lt: dwarf, conical, dense, slower, perhaps broadly mounded at first
lt: as 'Plumosa'
lc: golden yellow
id: some stock under this name is 'Plumosa Rogersii'

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Plumosa Aurea Nana' some='Plumosa Nana Aurea'

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Plumosa Aurescens'
lt: as 'Plumosa'
lc: tips golden yellow
so: probably lost to gardens

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Plumosa Compacta' = 'Compacta'?
'Plumosa Compressa' - click image
Gotelli Collection, USNA. Two different example, one globose and trailing, the second more ovoid and erect. The odd mix of foliage colors and textures is typical.

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Plumosa Compressa' ('Plumosa Densa', 'Compressa' in part)
ha: dwarf, very dense, sphaerical to subglobose, only about 6-8 in. tall in 10 years, some plants ovoid to 8 ft. with age
lc: blue and green mix, amount of type of foliage varying widely.

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Plumosa Compressa Aurea'
ha: dwarf, very dense, sphearical to subglobse
lc: more yellow than 'Plumosa Compressa'

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Plumosa Cristata'
ha: erect, branches densely crested and tufted, sometimes fasciated.

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Plumosa Decussata'
ha: conica, dwarf, dense
so: probably lost today. Hetz PA USA grew it in the 50's.

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Plumosa Flavescens'
ha: dwarf, conical to subglobose
lc: sulphur yellow, later more green

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Plumosa Glauca'
ns: a dubious name, perhaps a bluer variant or the C. lawsoniana cultivar of this name.

'Plumosa Juniperoides' - click image
JC Raulston Arboretum. February 2004 with some winter tints. It reminds some of Andorra juniper perhaps. It is more soft than most junipers too. This plant is broadly mounded at about 30 in. tall

'Plumosa Juniperoides' - click image
Coker Arboretum, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC USA. February 2004. This oldie is unlabeled but we are 98% sure it belongs to this cultivar, particularly
as the foliage matches all small ones we know and this "dwarf" in Europe is known to reach two meters. For the record, this speciman is a couple
of the paces from both the original Liquidambar styraciflua 'Rotundiloba' and the most majestic Pinus glabra we've seen in cultivation.

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Plumosa Juniperoides'
ht: 1-2m
ha: semi-dwarf, larger than 'Plumosa Compressa Aurea'
lc: yellow or yellow suffused in spring

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Plumosa Lovettii'
li: Hatch, L.C. 1983. Ref. guide to ornamental pl. cultivars. Taxonomic Computer Research. p. 64 (listed name)

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Plumosa Lutescens'
ns: a listed and little used name.

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Plumosa Minima' = 'MInima'?

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Plumosa Nana' = 'Nana' or 'Plumosa Dumosa'

'Plumosa Nana Aurea' - click image
JC Raulston Arboretum. February 2003. It is even more yellow in spring.

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Plumosa Nana Aurea'
ht: 2-5 ft.
ha: subglobose to mounded, sometimes opening much with age
lc: yellow new growth, older growth yellowish-green, more muddy brownish-yellow in winter but still nice for contrast.
lt: more divergent than most of this group

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Plumosa Pygmaea' ('Pygmy' Corley)
ns: a very confused name and one best dropped for well described, named clones.
ns: it is likely related to 'Squarrosa Intermedia' and 'Parslor'.

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Plumosa Rogersii' ('Plumosa Aurea Compacta Rogersii')
ha: dwarf, conical to erect
lc: yellow to yellow green

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Plumosa Variegata' = 'Plumosa Albopicta'

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Plumosa Vera'
ha: dense, conical
lt: mix of adult and juvenile or plumose type
id: Jacobsen (1996) equates this with 'Plumosa Viridis'.

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Purple Dome' (7/01)
ha: compact, presumably dome-shaped
lc: turquoise green
so:
Roberts Nurseries

'Pygmaea' - click image
Gotelli Collection, US National Arboretum. Summer 2004. A very need and restrained dwarf in a collection where many of them run quite wild and unkempt and
varicolored with their advancing ages. This name is in question. It is clearly not the blue-green, fluffy 'Squarrosa Pygmaea'. I'm inclined to think it may be related
to or the same as 'Nana' in one of it's phases.

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Pygmaea'

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Pygmaea Yatsubusa'
ns: a listed name for a dwarf bonsai type.

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Repens' provisional name
ns: a listed name from the UK c. 1970 and thus likely not legitimate.

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Riverlea' ('Plumosa Riverlea')
ht: 1.5m x 1.m wide (6 years)
ft: open lacy frond-like sprays
or: Riverlea Nursery

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Ruck's Globe'
ha: 60cm (20 years)
ha: dwarf, globose, very dense, not getting large as most of the so-called dwarf clones in this group

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Silver and Gold'
ns: a listed name in the UK.

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Silver Lobe' = 'Silver Lode'?

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Silver Lode' ('Minima Silver Lode')
ha: as 'Compacta'
lc: mottled white

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Snow'
ha: semi-dwarf, densely globose at first, later an more open and looser mound to globe, some tend to have pyramidal tendencies in time
lc: tipped and suffused white throughout but more on the shoot tips, overall a whitish-green to gray-green look from a distance
lt: it is closer to the 'Plumosa' type, semi-divergent foliage but with long needles it has been placed with the Squarrosa Group.

'Snowsport' - click image
This whitish-blue dream at the Atlanta Botanical Gardens (summer 2003) just blew us away. The name is surely not legitimate but the quality of this plant is simply remarkable. If I
had originated this plant is would trademark, patent, and lock it up a dozen more ways by 8AM tomorrow morning. This is one truly landmark, unique conifer. Get one, get twenty.
LCH.

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Snowsport'

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Solar Flare'
ha: pyramidal
lc: bright yellow than 'Plumosa Aurea' and 'Aurea'
or: North Carolina State University Arb. c. 1984 as sport on a large 'Plumosa'. Not officinally introduced and perhaps lost.

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Spaan's Cannonball'
ha: very dwarf, slower than 'Compressa Aurea', young plants a perfect dense cannon ball shape
lc: light cream to pale yellow

'Squarrosa' - click image
Raleigh Rose Garden (former State Fair Grounds), Raleigh, NC USA. February 2004. This is about typical of plants over 70 years in major, older cities of
the western world. What starts as a pretty, silvery, feathery gem ends up being tall, ratty, partly of dead countless dead shoots (which no arborists will
attempt to conquer), and a mix of needles divergences from silvery-blue to bluish-green. This is one conifer  that ages far worse than a fir.

'Squarrosa' - click image
Same tree as above with cultivar-typical foliage.

'Squarrosa' - click image
Same tree as above showing a partial reversion to species-type foliage but with a bid more divergence of the leaves. There will be some species-like green
reversions but most will be this more silvery-green phase. Cones when they occur usually appear on shoots of this type. Indeed, this one tree had
hundreds of cones and has for more than twenty years.

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Squarrosa'
ht: 50-100 ft.
ha: narrowly pyramidal, branches slightly tufted in young plants, usually more open in plants over 50 years.
ft: juvenile, highly divergent, but often reverting to semi-divergent entities.
ll: 2-5mm long - shorter than 'Boulevard'
lc: silvery-blue to blue-green, dead reddish-brown interior foliage is very common on old plants and those well shaded.
frt: the so-called reversions may bear cones. Expect to wait 50 years or so for lots of cones.
or: Japan
in: Siebold sent to Ghent, Belgium 1843. Plants over 100 years are known at the Arnold Arb. and Durand-Eastman Park, Rochester NY

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Squarrosa Albospica'
lc: blue-green with white tips
so: probably lost to cultivation.

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Squarrosa Argentea'
lc: mottled white in the original clone, comely sold as a silvery-blue clone that should merit a new name.

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Squarrosa Argentea Compacta'
ha: slower than 'Squarrosa Argentea' but separation of two has been questioned. See also 'Squarrosa Compressa Argentea' below.

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Squarrosa Argentea Pygmaea' = 'Squarrosa Intermedia' or 'Squarrosa Minima'

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Squarrosa Aurea'
ha: blue-green suffused yellow, often burning badly in sun

'Squarrosa Aurea Nana' - click
Daniel Stowe Botanical Garden, NC USA. Spring 2004. A slow and pretty yellow conifer. Not so bold as other golds so don't expect it to "pop" in the landscape.

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Squarrosa Aurea Nana' ('Squarrosa Nana Aurea')
ha: dwarf, very dense, eventually more erect.
lc: yellow becoming blue-green to green

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Squarrosa Aurea Pygmaea'
ns: a listed name, likely illegitimate.

'Squarrosa Compressa Argentea' - click image
Gotelli Collection, USNA. Summer 2004. A very nice cloud-like plant that is very silvery-blue in spots, duller elsewhere, all with undertones of green. It is probably related to what has been
sold as 'Squarrosa Argentea Compacta'.

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Squarrosa Compressa Argentea'

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Squarrosa Dumosa'
ha: globose, dense, older plants may tend towards conical
lc: gray-blue, bronzing in winter

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Squarrosa Elegans'
ha: compact
lc: light yellow
so: probably lost to cultivation

Squarrosa Intermedia' - click image
JC Raulston Arboretum. February 2004. As an objective  evaluation garden the two plants in this garden were allowed to revert, spread, and
rebell as their tufty blue hearts desired. The effect is not pretty so much as curious.

'Squarrosa Intermedia' - click image
Same plant as above in a more restrained, Squarrosa-type phase. Still it has the urge to "string out" at the ends.

'Squarrosa Intermedia' - click image
There is a wild, vigorous phase that is greener and the apex of this one (same plant as the two images above) is simply crazy
and out of control. You can imagine why most growers and collectors remove this sort of thing unless they have a strange nature.

'Squarrosa Intermedia' - click image
This is the more rampant, vertical phase of this highly variable cultivar trimmd of the craziness. Reversions to the side have been partly removed. It is thus a natural
choice for the "poodle industry" where conifers are grown into assorted creatures ranging from curious to lovely to unbearable.

'Squarrosa Intermedia' - click image
Gotelli Collection. Spring 2003. This is more restrained phase of the cultivar similar to 'Dwarf Blue' (see photo above)

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Squarrosa Intermedia'
ha: young plants mounded, dense. Older plants less dense and broadly conical with numerous tufted and untufted sections. Some
ha: plant develops very long arms covered in blue tufts. Reversions are common and even if removed the cultivar can become
ha: large (2-3m) and wide (1-2m). Some are dense mounds of blue moss while others climb and revert, producing all sorts of
ha: odd and intermediate growths, many of them stringy and seemingly random in both color and density.
id: a more reliable, dwarf propagation of this type is called 'Dwarf Blue' and is best not treated as synonym. This clone is EXCEEDINGLY
id: variable with age, selection of cuttings, pruning, staking, and light conditions. \

Chamaecyparis pisifera ['Squarrosa Intermedia' variegated sport]
so: Stanley and Sons (online catalog 2004)

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Squarrosa Lutea'
ha: slightly slower than 'Squarrosa'
lc: yellowish or suffused yellow in part, not a bright plant.

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Squarrosa Minima' = 'Squarrosa Intermedia'

'Squarrosa Monstrosa'  - click image
Gotelli Collection, USNA. Summer 2004. An odd, heterophyllous pyramidal of blue SQUARROSA GROUP foliage mingled with very green stuff that is both filiferous and
closer to dwarf green cultivars such as 'Pygmaea'. I consider it related to 'Squarrosa Intermedia' but 1) overall more dense, uniform, less stringy 2) wider, less narrow pyramidal to columnar, and
3) having more green sections. Whether the two can always be separated as young plants or with variable cutting selection is much in doubt. In this species, so much intergrades
and reverts to reversions, or shifts to intermediate phases, one cannot never define the clones too sharply.

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Squarrosa Monstrosa'

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Squarrosa Nana' = 'Squarrosa Intermedia'

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Squarrosa Pygmaea'
ha: dense, dwarf globose, smaller than 'Squarrosa Intermedia' overall
lc: blue-green
id: a confused and dubious name not clearly alligned to any distinct clone or phase. It is probably
id: represented one of the smaller globes that today are sold under such names as 'Dwarf Blue'
id: and 'Ruck's Globe'

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Squarrosa Sieboldii'
ha: dwarf, dense, globose
id: an old clone used by Bailey. If Siebold introduced it from Japan (just our guess) then it
id: is probably like the many dwarf clones floating around the trade today.

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Squarrosa Sulphurea'
ht: 4-5m
lc: light yellow over blue-green, a curious mix of shades at times, often silvery-yellow in winter.

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Standishii'
ha: broadly pyramidal, vigorous
lc: dark green
so: lost to gardens

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Star Spangled Banner' (2/5)
ha: dwarf, flat-globose to bun-shaped
lc: yellowish mottled cream
so, or: Collector 's Nursery (online catalog 2005), own origin as 'Nana Lutea' sport c. 1984, introduced 2005

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Starker's Very Dwarf' ('Stark's Very Dwarf'?)
ns: a listed name from the US c. 2000.

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Strathmore'
ha: loose-growing, spreading mound
lc: lemon yellow becoming green

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Stricta'
ha: narrow, conial, branches short and erect
lc: new growth yellow in spring

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Stricta Lutescens'
ha, lc: as 'Stricta' but reportedly a yellowish-green, later grey-green

'Sungold' - click image
Gotelli Collection. Summer 2003

Chamaecyparis pisifera FILIFERA GROUP 'Sungold'
ha: dwarf, mounded
lt: as 'Filifera'
lc: yellow but less inclined to burn

'Sulphurea' - click image
Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden. Summer 2003.

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Sulphurea'
ha: more vigorous and large than 'Squarrosa Sulphurea'
lc: yellow to yellow suffused on green
id: the true 'Squarrosa Sulphurea' has 1) longer, more divergent leaves, 2) more tendency to be heterophyllous, and 3) slower, denser growth except
id: if reverting.

'Tama-himuro' - click image
Atlanta Botanical Gardens. Summer 2003.

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Tama-himuro'
ha: dwarf, subglobose to ovoid, dense
lc: light blue-green

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Te Kuiti'
ha: dwarf, mounded
lc: flecked white
or: sport of 'Nana Aureovariegata'

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Thorpe'
ns: a listed name. Description needed.

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Tsucoma' ('Tsukoma', 'Tsukumi'?)
ha: very dwarf
lc: tinged golden yellow

'True Blue' - click image
Atlanta Botanical Gardens. Summer 2003.

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'True Blue'
ha: pyramidal in, subglobose as young plants
lc: bright blue
ll: longer than 'Boulevard'
rai: functions like a compact 'Boulevard'
or: Australia

Chamaecyparis pisifera SQUARROSA GROUP 'Veitchii' = 'Squarrosa' or a clone of it. We have seen a dwarf clone in the US under this name.

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Villa Taranto'
ns: a listed name. 

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Vintage Gold'
ht: 2-3 ft. tall
ha: irregularly upright to mounded
lc: yellow
id: similar to 'Gold Spangle' in foliage type and color

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Viridis'
ha: vigorous, broadly pyramidal
lc: bright green

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Wahokuhiba'
ha: branches fasciated and monstrous

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'White Beauty'
ns: a listed name from collections. Detailed description needed.

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'White Brocade'
ns: a listed name from Macpennys Nurseries, Dorset UK c. 1988

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'White Pygmy'
ha: dwarf, mounded to subglobse
lc: white-tipped or suffused white
id: one report suggests it is like a smaller version of 'Snow'. We wonder if 'Cream Ball' is similar.

Chamaecyparis pisifera 'Winter Gold'
ha: similar to 'Compacta Variegata'
lc: mottled yellow

Chamaecyparis pisifera PLUMOSA GROUP 'Zan Zetsu'
li: Hatch, L.C. 1983. Ref. guide to ornamental pl. cultivars. Taxonomic Computer Research. p. 64 (listed name)