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Crinum asiaticum 'Cuprifolium' is a majestic and colorful flowering plant. The inflorescence above (click image for a huge version) is easily 10 inches wide and has the most elegant form and colors. It is hard to believe something so delicate and ornate can arise from foliage so bold and coarse. Words once again fail as so often with this genus. This image to shot September 6th, 2003 at the Daniel Stowe Botanical Gardens, Charlotte, NC USA.

The common name of this species is "The Grand Crinum" but also the "Asiatic Poison Bulb". The bulb's juice in specific doses has also been used to cure inflammation - there is beauty, danger, and healing in this species.

The red-leaved cultivar has been used as a summer bedding plant and it will flower in warmer climates in August or September with some regularity. The large, yucca-like foliage is a refined mix of rich greens, reds, wines, and just the occasional hint of copper; it should have been a 'Rubrifolium'. The whole package easily reaches 5 feet tall and is both dramatic and subtle in it's own unique ways. Leaves can become a full meter long. Mass plantings give the best effect for shocking the public though one plant is enough for small gardens.

Hybrids of the red form of the species (not always sold as 'Cuprifolium')  include 'Sangria' and 'Bloody Mary', each having more pink and undulate flowers due to C. x powellii 'Roseum' as the other parent.

The plant below is at the AAS trial grounds of the JC Raulston Arboretum.

Click both image to enlarge.

LCH

 

Crinum - References

li: Hannibal, L. S. 1970-71. Garden crinums: an identificaton and checklist of crinums found in the
li: United States. Bull. Louisiana Soc. Hort. Res. 3: 220-322.

li: crinum.org (an excellent source of articles, breeding history, photographs, and other useful data).

Crinum asiaticum var. japonicum 'Variegatum'

lc: striped yellowish-white with occasional blotches of color.

Crinum asiaticum 'Red Leaf'

lc: red tinted foliage

Crinum asiaticum 'White Stripe'

lc: striped white
ns: probably is the same as var. japonicum 'Variegatum'

Crinum 'Birthday Party'

fc: bright cerise pink
ft: wide, overlapping tepals with a slight reflex
or: Luther Burbank.

Crinum 'Bradley' (C. scabrum x C. flaccidum?)

ht: 24 in. tall x 36 in. wide
fc: deep rose-red
ft: blooms open faced, petals slightly overlapping, lightly reflexed.
ff: very fragrant
fq: about 12 flowers per inflor.
lc: glossy green
or: H.B. Bradley, Australia
ns: a cultivar 'H.N.B. Bradley' is mentioned by G.S. Thomas as being grown at Kew. Same?
so:
Plant Delights

Crinum bulbispermum 'Album'

fc: white
eval: a parent in many good hybrids. They are generally more showy and/or vigorous.

Crinum bulbispermum 'Backup Mother'

ha: vigorous
fc; medium pink with white throat.
so:
Ty Ty (online catalog 2001)

Crinum bulbispermum 'Spotty'

fc: rose-purple with odd random white spots and unpigmented, short stripes. A strange look.
or: Hannibal.
so:
Ty Ty (online catalog 2001)

Crinum 'Cape Dawn' (C. bulbispermum (orange selection) x C. macowanii)

fc: pink
ft: reflexed tepals
bt: long-lasting flowers
or: Hannibal
so:
Ty Ty (online catalog 2001)

Crinum 'Carnival'

ht: 72 in. - very tall!
fc: red and white mix

Crinum 'Carolina Beauty' (C. americanum x C. bulbispermum)

ht: 36 in.
ha: multiplying rapidly
fc: pure white
ft: narrowly elliptic to strap-shaped petals, rarely overlapping as larger, modern hybrids
ff: very fragrant
lw: very narrow
lc: glossy green
so:
Plant Delights

Crinum 'Catherine'

fc: pure white
ft: nice open flower face.
so:
Ty Ty (online catalog 2001)

Crinum 'Christopher'

ht: 5 ft. - a very bold plant
fc: white
ft: very wide, reflexed tepals
bt: named for its ability to bloom around Columbus Day in some regions.
lw: narrower blade than most hybrids
so:
Ty Ty (online catalog 2001)

Crinum 'Clawed'

fc: light red
lt: tepals pointed almost as if with a little claw.
so:
Ty Ty (online catalog 2001)

Crinum 'Code Red'

ha: vigorous clumps
fc: red
bt: commonly repeats bloom
so:
Ty Ty (online catalog 2001)

Crinum 'Eagle Rock' (C. bulbisperum x ?)

fc: medium to light pink, mostly colored on the inside
or: found in Eagle Rock which is near Pasadena CA USA

Crinum 'Ellen Bosanquet' (C. 'J.C. Harvey' x C. scabrum?)

ht: 24 in.
ha: multiplies quickly , vigorous. Forms a neat rosette of glossy, undulate leaves that is attractive.
fc: reddish-purple to rose-purple
ft: nicely reflexed petals
ff: spicy fragrance
or: Louis Bosanquet, FL USA in 1920's. It is named for his wife Ellen.
so:
Plant Delights

Crinum 'Elizabeth Traub'

ht: 48 in.
ha: sturdy, strong stems
fc: dark rose pink
ft: petals broad, overlapping slightly, nicely and elegant reflexed. Throat is whitish.
fq: often 10-12 flowers per inflor.
or: Hamilton Traub from 'Ellen Bosanquet' x ?
so:
Plant Delights

Crinum 'Emma Jones (C. 'Peachblow' x C. 'Cecil Howdyshel')

ht: 30 in.
ha: forms a rosette of wide, strap-like leaves that Tony Avent compares to an octypus.
fc: purplish pink (RHS 62B) with a slightly darked midrib or petal center area that is subtly blended.
fc: throat is whitish.
ft: petals very broad, overlapping nicely, barely reflexed.
ff: well scented
fq: often 12 flowers per inflor.
lc: glossy green
lw: 3 in.
ll : to 36 in.
or: Fred Jones, TX USA from parents above. One source states 'Ellen Bosanquet' not 'Peachblow' is the
or: other parent.
so:
Plant Delights

Crinum 'Fay Harbuckle'

fc: rich purplish-pink like 'Ellen Bosanquet' but adding a whiter throat.
so:
Ty Ty (online catalog 2001)

Crinum 'George Harwood'

fc: meidum pink
ft: wide but shorter than typical, overlapping tepals
or: H.B. Bradley, Sydney

Crinum 'H.J. Elwes'

ht: 12 in. - rather short
fc: pibk

Crinum 'Hannibal's Dwarf' ('Hanibal's Dwarf')(C. moorei x C. americanum)

ht: 18 in. - much shorter than most hybrids
ha: fast multiplying. Tony Avent in 2001 stated it was the fasting multiply taxon in his large trials.
fc: deep pink buds open lighter pink with darker tips
ft: petals very narrow, elongated, quite linear at times, not overlapping.
or: Les Hanibal
so:
Plant Delights

Crinum 'Hannibal's Pink'

ht: 30 in.
fc: medium pink

Crinum x herbertii (C. bulbispermum x C. scabrum)('Herbertia')

fc: white with pink stripes or tints inside and outside.
ft: wide, reflexed tepals
so:
Ty Ty (online catalog 2001)

Crinum x herbertii 'White Herbert' ('White Herbertii', 'White Herbertia' both invalid)
(C. bulbispermum 'Album' x C. scabrum)

fc: white
ft: trumpet-like flowers
ns: this is a white (without pink) version of 'Herbertii'. Latin and English words cannot be mixed.
so:
Ty Ty (online catalog 2001)

Crinum 'Hoboken'

fc: near white with bright pink stripe
so:
Ty Ty (online catalog 2001)

Crinum 'J.C. Harvey' (C. moorei x C. zeylandicum)

ht: 30 in.
ha: vigorous in most gardens, multiplying quickly to establish strong clumps. It is one of the easiest
ha: hybrids to cultivate en masse.
fc: dark bright pink in bud opening medium pink with darker tips and petal centers. Large white throat
fq: about 6 flowers per infl.
ls: heavily ribbed, giving a nice texture
lc: glossy green
or: J.C. Harvey c. 1900
so:
Plant Delights

Crinum 'Jubilee'

fc: pure white
ft: fully reflexed tepals, more so than some whites.
lw: narrowl, strap-like leaf
or: Bundrant

Crinum 'L'Orange' (C. 'International' x C. bulbispermum)

fc: dark pink with orange throat
bt: repeats bloom often
fq; 12+ flowers per inflor.
lu: Ty Ty states it is very drought tolerant in the South.
so:
Ty Ty (online catalog 2001)

Crinum 'Lorraine Clark'

fc: red
ft: tepals reflexed

Crinum 'Magenta Lady'

fc: magenta or purplish-rose something like 'Ellen Bosanquet'
fd: smaller diameter
bt: good repeat blooming possible
so:
Ty Ty (online catalog 2001)

Crinum 'Maiden's Blush' (C. zeylandicum x C. moorei)

fc: light pink tepals from darker buds
ft: tepals narrow with an acute apex
fq: 20+ flowers per inflor.
or: Thad Howard, fulfilling his idea to recreate 'J.C. Harvey' (same parents) and yet improve on it.

Crinum 'Martha Washington' (C. bulbispermum 'Album' x C. americanum)

fc: pure white
ff: strongly scented
or: Maude Granger, Reidsville GA USA
so:
Ty Ty (online catalog 2001)

Crinum 'Monterey Delight'

fc: pink
ft: notably wide open flowers

Crinum moorei 'Album' ('Schmidtii')

ht: 18 in.
ha: wide foliage forming a lovely rosette.
fc: pure white with blackish contrasting filaments and pollen
ff: lightly scented
so:
Plant Delights

Crinum moorei 'Variegata'

lc: striped greenish-yellow

Crinum 'Mystery' (C. americanum x C. moorei)

fc: bright pink
ft: little or no reflex to tepals
so:
Ty Ty (online catalog 2001)

Crinum 'North Carolina Beauty' = 'Carolina Beauty'

ht: 24 in.
fc: white

Crinum 'Oblique Event' (C. x yemense backcrossed)

fc: light pink with dark pink central stripe
ft: tepals very narrow
ff: highly fragrant.

Crinum 'Peachblow' ('Improved Peachblow' related)(C. erubecens x C. yemense)

fc: white with coral pink tints outside.
ft: tepals wide, reflexed for a Lily-like effect
ns: the name 'Improved Peachblow' is not valid.
so:
Ty Ty (online catalog 2001)

Crinum 'Pin Stripe' (C. americanum x C. moorei)

fc: white with rich pink stripe down each tepal, covering about 2/3 the length.
so:
Ty Ty (online catalog 2001)

Crinum 'Pink Submersum' invalid name (C. submersum x C. erubescens)

fc: white with sharply distinct red stripe down each tepal. The stripe is about 15% of the width overall and
fc: runs nearly 100% of the length. The stripe is narrower than 'Will Herbert' but longer than some of
fc: others.
ff: richly scented
ft: narrow pointed tepals.
so:
Ty Ty (online catalog 2001)

Crinum x powellii 'Album'

fc: pure white

Crinum x powellii 'Bundrant'

fc: white with faint net of pink color
ft: narrow tepals
or: Bundrant?
so:
Ty Ty (online catalog 2001)

Crinum x powellii 'Haarlemense' (C. longiflorum x C. moorei)

fc: lighter pink than species typical
ns: the cultivar name has also been spelled 'Harlemense'.

Crinum x powellii 'Krelagei' (C. longiflorum x C. moorei)

fc: rich deep pink

Crinum x powellii 'Longifolium' = C. bulbispermum

 

Crinum x powellii 'Roseum'

fc: pink
ns: the name is roughly equivalent to hybrid species typical or what is usually sold under its name.

Crinum 'Princess Elizabeth'

fc: white
ff: highly scented

Crinum 'Regina's Disco Lounge'

ht: 36 in.
ha: tall, vigorous, having large bulbs
fc: very pale, whitish pink with a darker pink stripe down the midrib inside and out.
ft: slightly reflexed, very lily-like in overall appearance
lw: wide blades
or: found by Jenks Farmers at Regina's Disco Lounge, SC USA. Probably a hybrid of C. bulbispermum.
in, so:
Plant Delights (Catalog 2000: 24, 47 (color photo))

Crinum 'Reuter' PROPOSED NAME ('Reuter's Clone' invalid)

ht: 36 in.
fc: white striped pink

Crinum 'Rose Parade'

fc: reddish-rose with white throat
ft: wide, overlapping, and reflexed tepals.

Crinum 'Royal White'

fc: white with pink tints
ff: highly fragrant
or: Luther Burbank

Crinum 'Sangria' (C. bulbispermum x C. asiaticum var. procerum 'Roseum')

fc: rich reddish-rose, sangria colored perhaps?
ft: narrow tepal
or: Bundrant.

Crinum 'Sister Teresa'

fc: pink
or: George McNeil

Crinum 'Stars and Stripes' (C. scabrum x C. erubescens)

ht: 24 in.
fc: white with sharply distinct red midrib or center to about 25% of petal surface
ft: petalsd narrowly elliptic to broadly linear, irregularly and informally reflexed and sometimes twisted
ft: slightly for a perfect effect.
so:
Plant Delights

Crinum 'Summer Nocturne' (C. moorei x C. erubescens)

ht: 36 in.
fc: medium pink tips with a white throat, mostly white outside.
or: Thad Howard

Crinum 'Summer Glow' (C. 'Ellen Bosanquet' x C. 'Cecil Houdyshel')

ha: vigorous
fc: bright pink

Crinum 'Walter Flory' (C. 'Ellen Bosanquet' x C. powellii 'Album')

ht: 40 in. - larger than most hybrids
fc: light pink tinged darker outside, inside medium pink with distinct dark pink to reddish midribs. There
fc: is a nice but still subtle bicolor effect though by no means as sharp as 'Stars and Stripes'.
bt: very early, starting as early as April in the deep southern US states.
or: Katherine Clint of the parentage noted above.
so:
Plant Delights

Crinum 'White Mogul'

fc: white
ff: richly scented

Crinum 'White Prince' (C. yemense x moorei)

ha: very large bulbs
fc: nearly pure white
fd: one of the larger diameters among white cultivars.
ft: very Lilium-like appearance.
or: Hannibal from same parents as Burbank's 'White Queen'
so:
Ty Ty (online catalog 2001)

Crinum 'White Queen' (C. yemense x C. moorei)

fc: white
fd: very large
ft: tepals nicely reflexed, very Easter lily like.
or: Luther Burbank
so:
Ty Ty (online catalog 2001)

Crinum 'William Herbert'

fc: white with very wide red stripe down each petal. Very bold, distinct bicolor that reminds one of the
fc: Clematis cultivars of this coloration. The stripe can be nearly 1/3 of the tepal width unlike most other
fc: striped cultivars.
ft: wide open flowers
or: Thad Howard
so:
Ty Ty (online catalog 2001)

Crinum 'William Morris'

fc: red with a distinct white petal base of about 20-25% of tepal surface. Unique look and much more
fc: white than a white-throated cultivar.
so:
Ty Ty (online catalog 2001)