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EPIMEDIUM
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Copyright 1998, 2000-2004. Laurence C. Hatch. All Rights Reserved.
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Originally based on NOS Staff. 1994. Epimedium.nod. NOS. Raleigh NC.

Epimedium - General Literature
li: Stern, W.T. 1938. Epimedium and Vancouveria: a monograph.
li: Linnean Soc. J. Bot. 51: 409-535.
li: Van deLaar, H.J. 1981. Epimedium - keuringsrapport. Dendroflora
li: 18: 5-13.
li: Weaver, R.E. 1979. In praise of Epimedium. Arnoldia 39: 51-66.

Epimedium 'Akebono'
ha: robust, strong
fc: dark pink buds open silvery white with pink tints.
bt: may rebloom in fall.
or: Japan

Epimedium 'Alabaster' (11/4)
or, in: Richard Lighty c. 1988

Epimedium alpinum 'Little Shrimp' ('Little Titch')
ht: 20cm - shorter than some species variants which are commonly 30cm
fc: near translucent "shrimp" pink flowers, yellow sepals
bt: March-April (UK) and may rebloom later (August-September)
or: USA
so:
Europa Nursery

Epimedium 'Amanogawa' (E. dolichostemon x E. acuminatum)
fc: white sepals, bronze spurs with lighter amber tips.
ft: sepals reflex once open, very showy, ornate. Flowers have thick texture.
infl: flowers in clusters of mostly 3.
fq: very floriferous over a long period
lc: light green mottled and streaked dark red when opening.
ls: arrowhead-shaped
eval: regarded as one of the best Japanese hybrids
or: Japan

Epimedium 'Beni-chidori'
ha: slow
fc: dark pink with white tipped spurs and white petal mar
ft: long spurred flattish flower
fq: very floriferous once established
or: Japan

Epimedium 'Beni-kujaku' (E. diphyllum x ?)
fc: blackish-red buds open plum purple sepals and petals. Midribs white on petals.
fc: spurs are showy silver white.
ft: sepals and petals are crisped, undulate and well separated giving almost "double"
ft: appearance. This is a very elegant and unique clone.
or: Japan

Epimedium 'Black Sea' (E. pinnatum subsp. colchicum x ?)
ht: "tall"
ha: vigorous, robust, wiry stems
fc: light yellow finely marked red, appearing peach pink from a distance
ft: similar to E. pinnatum in form, held above foliage.
afc: dark blackish purple in fall, hence the cultivar name

Epimedium diphyllum 'Nanum'
ht: smaller, dwarf

Epimedium diphyllum 'Roseum'
fc: rose-pink - species typical is white or near white

Epimedium diphyllum 'Variegatum'
lc: new growth white mottled or spotted, mostly green by summer

Epimedium 'Enchantress' (E. dolichostemon x E. leptorrhizum)
fc: lavender with darker spurs
ft: sepals shorter and wider than E. leptorrhizum
fq: very floriferous
lc: splashed dull red when young
ls: quite variable
la: sharply acuminate
or: Elizabeth Strangman UK from E. leptorrhizum x E. dolichostemon.
eval: said to be the best of the newer British hybrids (2001)
so:
source (Heronswood Nursery)

Epimedium fargesii 'Pink Constellation' (4/01)
fc: light lilac pink sepals
ft: sepals much reflexed, curled inward to form tube
fq: more floriferous than species typical

Epimedium franchetii 'Brimstone Butterfly' (4/01)
ha: strong, vigorous, robust.
fc: yellow spurs and lime green sepals for greenish sulfur yellow look
lc: light apple green margined pink, showy
lt: very thick blades

Epimedium grandiflorum var. higoense 'Bandit' (1/03)
ht: 6 in.
lc: distinctly margined dark blackish-purple in spring to 0.5 in wide, very showy
fc: creamy-white
or: We-Du Nursery NC USA received as unnamed plant from Japan
ns: named by Darrell Probst 2000
so:
Plant Delights (Spring 2003 Catalog: 44, with color photo)

Epimedium grandiflorum var. colestre
fc: pure white
lc: new growth red margined

Epimedium grandiflorum 'Crimson Beauty'
fc: bright reddish-purple flowers - one of the nearest to red clones to date (2001)
lc: new growth pinkish or copper colored, showy.

Epimedium grandiflorum 'Elfenkönigen' ('Queen of Elfs')
ha: vigorous, adaptable to gardens
fc: tepals white, spurs white
fd: to 5cm - larger than some clones
li: Schmid, W.G. 2002. An enc. of shade perennials. Timber Press. p. 177

Epimedium grandiflorum 'Freya' ('Nanum Freya')
ha: low, dwarf, low mound
fc: nearly all pink
or: selected by Elizabeth Strangman
ns: the Latin version of this name is apparently not published before 1959 and is
ns: therefore invalid.

Epimedium grandiflorum subsp. 'Harold Epstein' (1/03)
ht: 15 in.
ha: spreading, a proven ground cover habit
st: red in spring, showy
lc: green
ll: 5.0 in.
fc: medium bright yellow
or: Jerry Flintoff named for the well known Epimedium collector and expert
so:
Plant Delights (Spring 2003 Catalog: 44, with color photo)

Epimedium grandiflorum 'Jennie Maillard' (11/4)
fc: light lilac
ft: long spurs
ns: named by Allan Robinson, RHS Wisley
so, in: uuplants.co.uk (online catalog 2004)

Epimedium grandiflorum 'Koji'
ht: 4 in. - much smaller than many other clones of this species
fc: deep lavender
so:
source (Heronswood Nursery)

Epimedium grandiflorum subsp. koreanum 'La Rocaille'
ht: 16 in. - taller than many cultivars. Plants to 100cm are known.
ha: strong stems, more vigorous than typical.
fc: cream to yellow
or: Japan
in: George Schenk to US
lu: not a useful ground cover as are many other cultivars
so:
Europa Nursery

Epimedium grandiflorum 'Lilacinum'
ht: low-growing than species typical
lc: sage green
fc: light lilac effect from pink pink petals, white spurs, and purple sepals.
ns: this may well prove to be E. x youngianum 'Roseum' which accounts for all recorded uses of
ns: the epithet 'Lilacinum' to our knowledge.

Epimedium grandiflorum 'Lilafee' ('Lilac Fairy')
ht: 12-15 in.
fc: lilac-purple - another report says deep violet purple. Spurs are white tipped.
fq: floriferous
lc: new growth tinged purple, showy
so:
Roslyn Nursery

Epimedium grandiflorum 'Mount Kitadake'
ha: lower statue than species typical
fc: lavender spurs with lavender sepals and white typed petals. Sepals red veinned.
fd: larger than species typical
lc: dark pink new growth

Epimedium grandiflorum 'Nanum'
ht: smaller, dwarf
fc: white

Epimedium grandiflorum 'Nanum Freya' = 'Freya'

Epimedium grandiflorum 'Pierre's Purple' (2/01)
ht: 15 in.
fc: lavender purple
fd: larger than species typical
or: Pierre Bennerup of Sunny Border Nur.
so:
Plant Delights

Epimedium grandiflorum 'Queen Esta'
fc: dark lavender
lc: new growth tinged purple
li: Schmid, W.G. 2002. An enc. of shade perennials. Timber Press. p. 178

Epimedium grandiflorum 'Red Queen'
ht: 35cm
fc: bright rose-red
li: Schmid, W.G. 2002. An enc. of shade perennials. Timber Press. p. 178

Epimedium grandiflorum 'Rose Dwarf'
ht: smaller, dwarf
fc: dark rose pink
ls: leaflets more narrow and lanceolate
li: Schmid, W.G. 2002. An enc. of shade perennials. Timber Press. p. 178

Epimedium grandiflorum 'Rose Queen' = 'Yubae'
fc: reddish-pink to dark pink
fd: smaller than many newer clones

Epimedium grandiflorum 'Rubin Krone'
fc: ruby red sepals, rose petals, white spurs.
ff: light honeysuckle scent
so:
Europa Nursery

Epimedium grandiflorum 'Saturn'
ha: lower growing
ht: 5 in. in bloom
fc: pure white - typical
ft: blooms held above foliage mass
ll: smaller
lc: distinctly purple margined - like a ring on Saturn
lc: Purple margination lasts up to 1 month after blooming for added
lc: interest
or: We-Du Nurseries 1991
so: We-Du Nurseries, Rte. 5, Box 724, Marion, NC 28752. ($2 catalog)

Epimedium grandiflorum 'Saxton Purple'
fc: tepals dark reddish-purple, spurs tipped white
lc: new growth dark reddish-bronze
li: Schmid, W.G. 2002. An enc. of shade perennials. Timber Press. p. 178

Epimedium grandiflorum 'Shikinomai'
ha: more robust, vigorous
fc: pure white
fd: larger than older white selections
ft: blooms held well above foliage
bt: can rebloom in fall

Epimedium grandiflorum 'Silver Queen' (2/01)
ht: 11 in.
fc: silvery white sometimes tinged light pink on inner sepals
fs: spider-like with horizontal sepals
lc: green margined red in spring
ns: very distinct from 'White Queen' which is incorrectly listed as a synonym
so:
Plant Delights

Epimedium grandiflorum 'Sirius' (2/01)
ht: 15 in.
fc: white faintly tinged pink
fd: larger spurs than species typical
fd: larger than species typical
lc: light green
or: Harold Epstein
in: We-Du Nur. NC USA 1990
so:
Plant Delights

Epimedium grandiflorum 'Sugar Frosting' (8/4)
ha: vigorous, clumping
fc: foliage frosted and mottled white
so, photo: Asiatica Nursery (online catalog 2004, with color photo)

Epimedium grandiflorum 'Tama No Genpei' (2/01)
ht: 16 in.
fc: purple and white bicolor - very bright and showy
ft: bloom held nicely above foliage mass unlike in some cultivars
lc: green tinged purple when young
or: Japan
so:
Plant Delights

Epimedium grandiflorum 'Violaceum' (f. violaceum)
fc: dark reddish-lavender to light violet, spurs tipped white

Epimedium grandiflorum 'White Queen'
fc: pure white
fd: to 5cm - larger than most white clones

Epimedium grandiflorum 'Yubae' ('Rose Queen')
fc: reddish-pink to dark pink
fd: smaller than many newer clones
ns: 'Rose Queen' is considered a rename of a named Japanese clone.

Epimedium macranthum var. sulphureum = E. x versicolor 'Sulphureum'

Epimedium 'Making Waves' (5/3)
ha: deciduous, clumping
lt: undulating, hence the cultivar name
fc: mauve-pink, tips whit
or, so: http://www.collectorsnursery.com (online catalog 2003), released 2003 of own origination

Epimedium omienense 'Myriad Years' (9/02)
ht: 24 in.
lc: pink new growth becomes glossy green
fc: sepals whitish-pink, spurs dark purple with lavender tips
or: Dan Hinkley collected in Sichuan
so: Heronswood Nursery (online catalog 2002)

Epimedium x perralchicum
so:
source (Heronswood Nursery)

Epimedium x perralchicum 'Frohnleiten'
ha: groundcover
lc: dark green
fc: tepals bright yellow
fd: to 6cm - very large by modern standards
lc: new growth pinkish then red mottled, later dark glossy green
it: short compact spikes above the foliar mass
ch: 5

Epimedium x perralchicum 'Wisley'
ht: 40cm
fc: tepals bright yellow, spurs yellow tinged red to brown
fd: to 8cm - very massive by modern standards
or: presumed to be the RHS Wisley Gardens
li: Schmid, W.G. 2002. An enc. of shade perennials. Timber Press. p. 178

Epimedium perralderianum 'Weihenstephan'
ht: 35cm
ha: more vigorous than species typical, a stronger and more garden-worthy clone
fc: tepals bright yellow
fd: larger than species typical
ll: larger than species typical
lc: darker green than species typical

Epimedium pinnatum f. concolor
fc: sepals yellow, petals reddish-purple, spurs yellow - in f. pinnatum the spurs are red

Epimedium x rubrum 'Sweetheart' ('Cobblewood Form')(2/01)
ht: 16 in.
fc: bright pink and white
fd: larger than species typical
lc: darker green than hybrid typical. Heavily tinged red when young.
ll: larger than hybrid typical
lt: evergreen in most areas
or: Darrell Probst as E. sempervirens 'Candy Hearts' x E. alpinum
so:
Plant Delights

Epimedium sempervirens 'Aurora'
ht: 15cm - dwarf
fc: dark lavender
li: Schmid, W.G. 2002. An enc. of shade perennials. Timber Press. p. 179

Epimedium sempervirens 'Candy Hearts'
fc: sepals light pink, petals pink tinged green
lc: new growth pinkish becoming dark green
ls: more cordiform than species typical.
ns: the name refers to the candy-like pink flowers over heart-shaped foliage.
li: Schmid, W.G. 2002. An enc. of shade perennials. Timber Press. p. 179

Epimedium sempervirens 'Eco White' (1/03)
ht: 8 in.
ha: vigorous, clump-forming
ld: evergreen
lc: new growth bronze-purple, showy
fc: white
or: Don Jacobs, Eco Gardens GA USA before 2000
so:
Plant Delights (Spring 2003 Catalog: 45, with color photo)

Epimedium sempervirens 'Hanaguruma' (violet form)
fc: violet
ls: lanceolate
li: Schmid, W.G. 2002. An enc. of shade perennials. Timber Press. p. 179

Epimedium sempervirens 'Mars'
fc: sepals dark pink, petals purplish, spurs pink with white apices
lc: new growth mottled bronze becoming dark green
li: Schmid, W.G. 2002. An enc. of shade perennials. Timber Press. p. 179

Epimedium sempervirens 'Cream Sickle'  (8/4)
lc: mottled cream, some orange tints
so, photo: Asiatica Nursery (online catalog 2004, with color photo)

Epimedium sempervirens 'Vega'
fc: pure white
lc: new growth tinged pink becoming glossy green
li: Schmid, W.G. 2002. An enc. of shade perennials. Timber Press. p. 179

Epimedium sempervirens [violet form] = 'Violet Queen' or 'Hanaguruma'

Epimedium sempervirens 'Violet Queen'
fc: violet
lc: new growth pink becoming green
li: Schmid, W.G. 2002. An enc. of shade perennials. Timber Press. p. 179

Epimedium stellulatum 'Wudang Star' (1/03)
fc: sepals white, sepals rich bronze-brown, contrasting better than species typical
fq: floriferous
li: Schmid, W.G. 2002. An enc. of shade perennials. Timber Press. p. 179

Epimedium x versicolor 'Cupreum'
fc: bronze-red, an interesting and useful color

Epimedium x versicolor 'Neosulphureum'
fc: light yellow - much paler shade than true 'Sulphureum'

Epimedium x versicolor 'Sulphureum'
ha: larger and stronger than either parent
fc: dark yellow - not a light sulphur at all!
fd: larger than either parent, the spurs being very conspicuous in their length
lc: new growth mottled bronze to bronze

Epimedium x versicolor 'Versicolor'
fc: reddish-bronze fading to salmon-pink shades
lc: new growth mottled red becoming green, often very showy
ns: nomenclaturally this is the "typical clone" of the hybrid.

Epimedium x warleyense 'Orangekönigin' ('Orange Queen')
ha: clumping, not as stoloniferous as hybrids of this cross. It is neat and compact as a result.
fc: dark bronze-orange

Epimedium wushanense 'Caramel' (6/02)
lc: red mottled
fc: brownish-yellow, a carmel-like shade
so;
Junker Nurseries (online catalog 2002)

Epimedium x youngianum 'Azusa'
fc: white
fd: very large spurs
lc: silver sheen much of the year
li: Schmid, W.G. 2002. An enc. of shade perennials. Timber Press. p. 180

Epimedium x youngianum 'Baby Doll Pink' (2/01)
ht: 9 in.
fc: very pale pink
lc: green tinged pink when young.
or: Harold Epstein as seedling
so:
Plant Delights

Epimedium x youngianum 'Beni Kuyaku'
fc: rose-red
ft: Schmid says "inner sepals and petals of similar shapes, resulting in a double-flowered look."
li: Schmid, W.G. 2002. An enc. of shade perennials. Timber Press. p. 180

Epimedium x youngianum 'Fukurasuzume'
ht: 38cm
fc: sepalsd white tinged pink
ft: spurless, petals dropping
li: Schmid, W.G. 2002. An enc. of shade perennials. Timber Press. p. 180

Epimedium x youngianum 'John Gallager'
fc: light rose pink
li: Schmid, W.G. 2002. An enc. of shade perennials. Timber Press. p. 180

Epimedium x youngianum 'Merlin'
fc: purplish
ft: blooms held above the foliage mass, thus more conspicuous
li: Schmid, W.G. 2002. An enc. of shade perennials. Timber Press. p. 180

Epimedium x youngianum 'Milky Way'
ht: 10 in.
fc: pure white
lt: semi-evergreen
lc: green overlayed with silver on veins, often showy in summer
or: We-Du Nur. NC USA in 1978 as seedling
so:
Plant Delights

Epimedium x youngianum 'Niveum'
fc: white
lc: new growth tinged purple

Epimedium x youngianum 'Pink Blush'
ht: 15cm - dwarf
fc: white tinged pink
li: Schmid, W.G. 2002. An enc. of shade perennials. Timber Press. p. 180

Epimedium x youngianum 'Pink Star' ('Cobblewood 229')(2/01)
ht: 7 in. - shorter than some cultivars
fc: silver pink
fq: floriferous
or: US National Arb. as E. 'Candy Hearts' x E. diphyllum
in: Garden Vision 2000
eval: "essentially a much-improved form fo E. x youngianum 'Rubrum'" (Tony Avent)
so:
Plant Delights

Epimedium x youngianum 'Roseum' ('Lilacinum')
fc: light lilac to rose-lilac

Epimedium x youngianum 'Tamabotan'
ht: 16 in.
lc: dark purple over most of the blade, later more green
fc: lavender with darker tips
or: Japan
so:
Plant Delights (Spring 2003 Catalog: 45, with color photo)

Epimedium x youngianum 'White Star' ('National Arboretum White')(2/01)
ht: 8 in. - short than some cultivars
ha: clump-forming, vigorous, evergreen
fc: white
lc: green tinged pink when young.
or: US National Arboretum as seedling. Named by Darrell Probst.
in: Garden Vision
so:
Plant Delights

Epimedium x youngianum 'Yenomoto'
ht: 12 in.
fc: white tinged yellow
fd: much larger than hybrid species typical, spurs are very conspicuous
or: Japan, possibly as a natural hybrid
so:
Plant Delights

Epimedium 'Yubae' = E. grandiflorum 'Yubae'