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NOS
EUONYMUS
ALATUS
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Euonymus alatus 'Angelica' ('Angelica Compactus' invalid)
ha: dense, compact, habit half species size
in: Angelica Nurseries, Kennedyville MD USA
li: Dirr, M.A. 1998. Man. Woody Land. Plts. Varsity Press. p. 355

var. apterus Regal. - click image
JC Raulston Arboretum. Summer 2003.

var. apterus Regal. - click image
JC Raulston Arboretum. Same plant as above but in December 2004 with it's nice mass of fresh green twigs.

Euonymus alatus var. apterus Regal. (var. subtiflorus, var. pubescens Maxim., var. cilato-dentatus, 'Cilodentatus', var. striatus, f. pilosus?)
ht: 5-10 ft. Dirr reports an example at Wisley being 10 x 18 ft.
ha: eventually open, not dense as modern clones but smaller plants can be pruned to stay need with numerous bright green twigs
st: twigs conspicuously green in winter, not brown or corky - lacking the familiar alations or corky wings - compare to larger-leaved var. rotundatus below
ll: smaller leaves, usually under 3cm long and 1.5cm wide - they are not large as in the wingless var. rotundatus.
lm: more distinctly crenulate in parts, some sections entire.
lv: notably pilose on the lower midrib - unlike var. alatus.
frq: the plant at the Raulston Arb. (see above) fruits with some abundance. It may be derived from a fruitful example at the Arnold.
ns: it is found in collections and catalogs under a variety of botanical names. These are all the same wild entity though nurseryman may have
ns: certainly favored one clone over another. This is a taxon ripe for clonal selection, especially for habit, fruiting, and twig colors. The RHS list 'Cilodentatus' there
ns: as a synonym of 'Compactus'. If there is such a match then that cultivar has no relation to the wingless variety cilato-dentatus.
eval: I originally said it "has no garden merit except as a novelty for collections" but want to amend that opinion
eval: sharply today in December 2004. I've come to appreciate the dense mass of green twigs in winter and the smaller,
eval: more refined foliage as well. The above photos give it a better impression that usually seen.

Euonymus alatus 'Big Wings' (4/5)
ns: a listed name in the US trade 2004. Presumbly with larger alations of the stems. Compare to 'Monster Wings'.

Euonymus alatus 'Cole' ('Compactus Coles Selection') = 'Fire Ball'?

Euonymus alatus 'Coloratus'
ha: more erect
lc: tinged bronze in summer
afc: showy dark red to scarlet - the color name reflects this
or: Marchant c. 1929
eval: probably the first clone selected for superior red fall color

'Compactus' - click image
Dawes Arboretum. Summer 2003. Compact indeed!!!! This hedgerow could hide a Greyhound bus and have room to spare!

Euonymus alatus 'Compactus' ('Nanus')
ha: compact and globose at first, semi-dwarf to moderate vigor, often  strong though perhaps just two-thirds species potential
ht: known to reach 10-15 ft. in time and be overpowering in small gardens
tw: alate or corky wings are scarcely or not developed, making it easier on the hedge clippers.
in: US trade c. 1921
li: J.W. Adams Nur. Pricelist 1928: 19
li: J.W. Adams Nur. Pricelist 1931: 31 (first figure according to Rehder)
li: Bay State Nur. Trees and Hardy Plant Catalog 1928: 24 (as nana)
li: Rehder, A. 1939. New species, varieties, and combinations from the
li: collections of the Arnold Arboretum. J. Arn. Arb. 20: 418.
li: (as f. compacta)

Euonymus alatus CHICAGO FIRE 'Timber Creek'
ht: 8-10 ft. tall when 6 ft. wide
ha: 'fine-textured'
tw: twigs distinctly 'mahogany-red'
afc: reliably bright red
fc: orange-red (typical?) but very persistant in fall
tm: Chicago Fire is an unregistered trademark to date
ch: USDA 3 - reliably hardy in Chicagoland Grows trials. Some older cvs. are 4.
or: Timber Creek Nur. of Woodstock IL
li: Int. Plt. Prop. Soc. Proc. 44: 570 (1994)
so:
wholesale source (Spring Meadow Nursery)

Euonymus alatus 'Corky's Glory' (4/5)
ns: a listed name from Cornell Plantations 2004. Description not found in literature or catalogs as of 4/2005.

'Fastigiatus' invalid provisional name - click image
JC Raulston Arboretum, Winter Garden. Spring 2005. This plant has little tendency to spread and is more upright than species
typical. That said, it is has not shown a true fastigiate or even columnar nature with age. It's landscape merit is currently under
question. If it proves of interest a new name is required (post 1959-Latin).

Euonymus alatus 'Fastigiatus' invalid provisional name
st: alations medium to large
ha: more upright than typical, neither columnar nor fastigiate
lsp: only known example of record is from the Winter Garden, JC Raulston Arboretum. 

Euonymus alatus 'Fire Ball' ('Select' in part, 'Compactus Coles Selection'?)
ha: dense as with 'Compacta' but tighter branching over time and slower
afc: reliably bright red
ch: USDA 4 - hardier than 'Compactus' in some areas. Survives
ch: 4- in some locales where 'Compacta' shows dieback.
rai: northern replacement for 'Compactus"
or: Cole Nur.
ns: it is probably the same as 'Compactus Coles Selection'
so:
wholesale source (Spring Meadow Nursery)

Euonymus alatus [Korean Strain]
ns, ch: a name used for Korean material that is notably more cold hardy (USDA 3B vs. 4-5 for cultivars). 'Nordine' is a select seedling of this type.

'Kosho-mayumi' - click image
Dawes Arboretum. Summer 2003. We know nothing of this clone except from this plant. It is small-leaved and not conspicuously corky. We
suspect it has some affinity to var. apterus.

Euonymus alata 'Kosho-mayumi'

Euonymus alatus LITTLE MOSES® 'Odom' (7/3)

ht: 30-36 in. after 10 years or more
ha: slow, a true dwarf, symmetrical habit in nursery production
afc: typical red, lasting up to 2-3 weeks longer
or: Odom Nursery, Morrison TN
pat: US #13168 to originator
so:
Styers (online catalog 2003)

Euonymus alata 'Macrophyllus
ll,ns: a listed name, presumably a larger-leaved clone. Sold by Esveld in Netherlands.

Euonymus alatus 'Microphyllus'
ha: smaller, lower spreading
ll: smaller than species typical
lsp: Dirr reports it from Hillier Nursery. We have yet to find it in the US trade (12/2004).

'Monster Wings' ('Monstrosus') - click image
Horticultural Garden, Sandhills Community College, NC USA. The bold, vigorous, and very effective "windshield wiper bush". It's a star in any
winter garden.

Euonymus alata 'Monster Wings' NEW NAME ('Monstrosus')
st: more heavily alate (winged), these wings broader and covering most the wood to 2 years.
ns: the name 'Monstrosus' does not date in literature before 1959 and therefore has be renamed in the vernacular.
lu: it also has a life in the service of the floricultural industry where it's stems are cut for arrangements.

Euonymus alatus 'Nordine'
ha: compact, branched to the base
frq: more fruitful than species typical
ch: USDA 3b - much more cold hardy
or: Roy Nordine, Propagator, Morton Arboretum from [Korean Strain] as superior seedling.

Euonymus alatus 'October Glory'
ht: 6-8 ft.
ha: vigorous yet dense
afc: reliably bright red
in: Princeton Nurseries, NJ USA. 

Euonymus alatus PIPSQUEAK™ 'Pipzam' (7/02)
ht: 5 ft. tall x 5 ft. wide in many years
ha: globose, semi-dwarf, slower growing
in: Lake County Nursery c. 2002
so:
Chalet Nursery (online catalog 2002)

'Rudy Haag' - click image
JC Raulston Arboretum. Summer 2004. A smaller 'Compacta' type.

Euonymus alatus 'Rudy Haag'
ha: compact at about 1/2 size of mature 'Compacta' - true dwarf unlike 'Compacta'
ht: 3 ft. in 17 years, plants to 4 ft. are known
afc: bright red, sometimes more pinkish-red
rai: 'Compacta' can reach 10 ft. and be too tall
or: Bernheim Arboretum
so: Springvale Nursery
eval: Dirr (1998) says "it will become a dominant plant in the market place".
so:
wholesale source (Spring Meadow Nursery)

Euonymus alatus var. rotundatus (Makino) H. Hara
st: lacking alations or wings (much as var. apterus)
ll, lw: blades 4-8cm long x 2-5cm wide - larger than var. apterus which is smaller leaved in gardens

Euonymus alatus 'Silver Cloud'
lc: white margined at 10-20% of surface
in, or: Wim van Nierop, Boskoop, Netherlands, introduced 2003 , existing in his garden "for many years" according to Houtman. Van NIerop
in, or: obtained it from an unnamed friend as a chance seedling
li: Houtman, R. 2004. Variegated trees and shrubs: an illus. encylop. Timber Press. p. 119-120, two color photos.