Make your own free website on Tripod.com
NOS
FRAXINUS
PAGE

Copyright 2000-2005. Laurence C. Hatch. All Rights Reserved.
Lawful for online access only by current society members.
All downloading, printing, saving to media, imaging, screen capture, or offline use is prohibited.
Duplication by any means, method, or technology is unlawful.
Do not link to this page.
Fraxinus sieboldiana (F. longicuspis) is not a new plant (introduced 1878) but it is very uncommon in the United States and many other countries. The dark, uniformly pigmented foliage is very appealing all summer. The long cusp or apex of the leaflet is notable and adds to the charming character. As seen here at the Hampton Roads/Tidewater Arboretum in Norfolk, Virginia it was a very impressive entity in summer.

The second short at the JC Raulston Arboretum shows the very pretty spring flowers, as fine as the larger species F. ornus though not in hanging clusters of it's large-flowered cultivars (ie. 9.5 inches in 'Arie Peters'). On first glimpse it reminds one of a deciduous Ligustrum tree in bloom.

For you plant ID students, this species has 5 (rarely 7) leaflets while F. ornus has 5-9, the higher numbers being very common, averaging 7 leaflets. As a practical matter, this Asian species usually reaches only about 25 feet in gardens while the European F. ornus easily attains 50-65 feet. Jacobson (1996) says the largest plant he knows in the US is 28 feet tall in Seattle WA.

Flowering requires absolutely full sun so do not plant it where taller trees will shade it out, reducing the show.

It does not (so far) seem to have showy fall foliage as other ashes but given the quality summer foliage and glorious spring flowers, those attributes are more than good enough. Some selections have pretty purple samaras and others have a faint lavender tint to the petals - woody plant developers take note of this please!

Click on both images to enlarge.

LCH

Also impressive at the Hampton Roads/Tidewater Arboretum was a newish plant (c. 1994)  Fraxinus pennsylvanica LEPRECHAUN 'Johnson'. This is a true semi-dwarf cultivar with an obviously restrained, compact, and subglobose canopy. What amazed me most was the regularly distichous (alternating pairs of oppositely positioned) leaves for a very appealing look. You see this in other ashes but it is much accentuated here.

The short internodes are apparent when studying these shortish branchlets. The leaf color is improved too, being both dark and very rich green. The name is apt though surely not politically correct for being diminutive and green.

This plant was certainly top-grafted so we can imagine the cultivar would have a shorter aspect if grafted much lower. It is being marketed as an underwire, utility-friendly tree and my preliminary evaluation is quite positive.

Click on this image to enlarge.

LCH

Fraxinus americana 'Autumn Applause'
ht: 40 ft. tall x 25 ft. wide
ha: ovoid, dense
lt: leaflets narrower than species typical, thus a bit finer in texture
afc: dark red, often very showy. It is oen of the first clones to color up in fall in some trials.
sex: male - seedless
in: Wandell

Fraxinus americana 'Autumn Blaze'
ht: 50-60 ft. tall x 25-30 ft. wide
ha: ovoid
afc: purple
sex: female - but very limited fruitload
or: found in Roseau MN USA
in: Morden Station, Canada

Fraxinus americana AUTUMN PURPLE® 'Junginger'
ha: pyramidal to globose
lc: glossy dark green
afc: red to purple shades, often very showy, persistant
sex: male - fruitless

Fraxinus americana 'Champaign County'
ha: dense, pyramidal, strong leader, needing less staking as young nursery trees
lc: bright green
afc: yellow to reddish, not always showy
sex: male - fruitless. Dirr reports fruit in Spartenburg SC(?)

Fraxinus americana 'Chicago Regal' ('Chicago Royal?)
lc: dark green
ac: 'regal' purple
dr: bark is crack resistant
ht: 9m in 18 years
wd: 4.5m in 18 years
ch: 4
rd: 11 Oct. 1988
or: Roy Klehm
li: Hortscience 24(3): 431

Fraxinus americana 'Elk Grove'
ha: vigorous and upright
lc: dark and glossy
ac: dark purple
dr: bark is crack resistant
ch: 4
rd: 11 Oct. 1988
or: Roy Klehm from a plant in Busse Woods in Elk Grove IL in 1968
li: Hortscience 24(3): 431

Fraxinus americana 'Empire'
ht: 50 ft. tall x 25 ft. wide
ha: narrowly pyramidal, strong leader
lc: medium green
afc: dark orange to purple shades, variable

Fraxinus americana 'Greenspire'
ht: 40 ft. tall x 30 ft. wide
ha: narrowly pyramidal to ovoid
lc: dark green
afc: orange shades
in: Princeton Nurseries

Fraxinus americana 'Hass Fine Margin' ('Hassii Fine Margin')
lc: dark green, thinnly margined yellow
or: Hass Nurseries NC USA c. 2000

Fraxinus americana 'Manitou' ('Manitoo')
ha: narrowly upright
afc: variable but usually not showy colors
or: Canada

Fraxinus americana var. microcarpa
frd: fruit apparently smaller than var. americana.

Fraxinus americana 'Rosehill'
ht: 50 ft. tall x 30 ft. wide
lc: dark green
afc: bronze to red, sometimes yellow shades, variable with climate and not always showy
sex: male - fruitless

Fraxinus americana 'Royal Purple'
ht: 30 ft. tall x 25 ft. wide (24 years)
bk: resistant to frost cracking
ha: upright, compact
afc: rich purple, often showy
or: Roy Klehm

Fraxinus americana SKYLINE® 'Skycole'
ht: 50 ft. tall x 40 ft. wide
ha: ovoid to pyramidal with age, symmetrical, strong crotches, good central leader
lc: glossy medium green
sex: male - fruitless
afc: orange-red
in: Cole Nursery USA

Fraxinus americana 'Tures' = WINDY CITY

Fraxinus americana WINDY CITY™ 'Tures'
ha: narrow upright, reduced branch spread, ovoid to globose, strong leader
ll: larger than typical for 'almost tropical' look
lc: semi-glossy medium green
afc: bronze, burgundy, copper, orange, gold, and yellow blend.
sex: male - mostly fruitless but some fruit has been found
in: Chicagoland Grows Inc. of Glencoe IL in. 1997
or: Matt Tures Nur. of Huntley IL c. 1988
tm: Windy City is trademarked
ch: 4

Fraxinus angustifolia 'Elegantissima'
ht: 10m - shorter than species typical, that is, a smaller tree
lw: leaflets narrower

Fraxinus angustifolia var. lentiscifolia ('Lentiscifolia')
ha: semi-pendulous at time, leaves more drooping than var. angustifolia (species typical)
lt: leaflets more divergent (spreading), more widely spaced - species leaflets point directly forward, closer. This
lt: creates a finer texture.
ll: to 10 in. - var. angustifolia is typically 6-9 in.

Fraxinus angustifolia 'Pleinweg'
ns: a listed name from collections. No further details known.

Fraxinus excelsior 'Angustifolia'
bud: black in winter
ls: leaflets narrowly ovate - species is more oblong-ovate
pet: petiole on terminal leaflet often longer
ns: it is not F. angustifolia
or: Germany c. 1903

Fraxinus excelsior 'Argenteovariegata'
lc: variegated white
or: England before 1770

Fraxinus excelsior 'Althena' ('Monarch', 'No. 17')
ha: conical, narrower for street tree use
or: Dutch Forestry Dept. 1943 as selection

Fraxinus exselsior f. angustifolia Hort.
lt: leaflets more narrow, resembling F. oxycarpa at times

Fraxinus excelsior f. angustifolia 'Asplenifolia'
ls: leaflets narrowly linear to species typical, varying widely
lw: leaflets 0.1-0.25 in. wide

Fraxinus excelsior 'Atlas'
ha: narrowly conical, branches more narrowly angled
lt: tends to leaf out later
lc: darker green
sex: male - fruitless
or: van t'Westeinde 1942
lu: popular as street tree in Holland

Fraxinus excelsior 'Aurea'
ha: slower than 'Jaspidea' and often inferior to it overall
st: stems and bark yellow, not generally striped or suffused green as with 'Jaspidea'
bud: more dense than species typical
lc: new growth greenish-yellow later a brighter yellow
or: Holland c. 1807
eval: 'Jaspidea' is more vigorous and popular in Europe, DESERT GOLD is preferred in the US

Fraxinus excelsior 'Aurea Pendula'
ha: weeping, dome-like or umbrella-shaped in time
st: yellow much like 'Aurea'
lc: green - not gold as 'Aurea'
eval: interesting and unique look with the domed shape and gold twigs.
or: England before 1838

Fraxinus excelsior 'Aureovariegata'
lc: variegated yellow
lc: England before 1770

Fraxinus excelsior 'Concavifolia'
ha: narrowly upright, often slow
ll: entire leaf 10-12cm - much smaller than species 25-30cm
lt: concave (cupped)

Fraxinus excelsior 'Crispa' (f. cucullata Carr., atrovirens, 'Glomerata'?)
ha: slow, dense, sometimes tufted, forming a tree only after many years, internodes very large
lt: 7-11 (15) leafets, rachis much short, slightly cupped, puckered and crumpled at times, curled
lc: very dark blackish-green
or: France, perhaps from Simon-Louis Freres who used the name 'Glomerata' for a plant of this sort.
in: Lee & Kennedy, England 1788
ns: Bean considers 'Cucullata' to be distinct but we follow Krussman here. That name is about 75 years younger.

Fraxinus excelsior 'Cucullata'
ls: concave, hood-like
or: Baltet, Troyes, france before 1867

Fraxinus excelsior f. diversifolia (Ait.) Lingelsh. (f. heterophylla, heterophylla, monophylla, 'Diversifolia')
ha: narrowly pyramidal, often open
lt: 1-3 leafets, these often more serrate to incised, sometimes split, quite variable
or: occurs throughout the wild as known genetic mutant. Therefore it is not a good cultivar except for
or: notable clones like 'Hessei'.

Fraxinus excelsior 'Doorenbos' ('Doorenbos No. 5')
st: olive-green at first, smooth
lt: 9-11 leaflets
or: S.G.A. Doorenbos, Den Hagg, Holland 1943
lu: cultivated for it's forest qualities but found in the ornamentals trade in Holland
eval: Krussman states that 'Westhof's Glorie' is a better ornamental

Fraxinus excelsior 'Elegantissima' = F. angustifolia 'Elegantissima'

Fraxinus excelsior 'Eldik'
ns: a listed name from Europe c. 1989. Description needed.

Fraxinus excelsior 'Erosa' (f. scolopendrifolia)
lt: 9-11 leaflets
lm: undulate to scalloped. The synonym suggests the resemblance to the fern Scolopendrium.
or: Germany c. 1806, probably from Spath where Kew received stock as Scolopendrifolia in 1900.

Fraxinus excelsior 'Eureka'
ha: erect, broadly conical in time, branches more narrowly angled
st: gray-green at first
lc: light brown, later green
lt: leafing out late, 11-13 leaflets (more)
in: van der Have, Holland 1947

Fraxinus excelsior 'Geessink'
ns: a listed name from Europe c. 2000. Description needed.

Fraxinus excelsior 'Globosa' = 'Nana'

Fraxinus excelsior 'Glomerata' = 'Crispa' or very similar to it

Fraxinus excelsior 'Gold Cloud'
st: golden-yellow much like 'Jaspidea'
lc: green
frq: seedliness
afc: yellow
pat: US #2286
in: Spring Hill Nursery USA 1963

GOLDEN DESERT™ ('Aureafolia', 'Landes') - click image

Fraxinus excelsior GOLDEN DESERT™ is a selected clone of the 'Jaspidea' type with showy yellow shoots in winter. Against a blue sky (as here) it is simply shocking. It has been called a "rename" but in our experience this plant is more erect and globose with age than most 'Jaspidea' stock.

This tree is ideal for the winter garden where it serves as the arborescent equivalent of Cornus sericea 'Flaviramea', the well known gold-twigged dogwood. Note the knob-like ends of the very thick twigs. This is not something seen to such an extreme on the native American ashes - despite some of their "hidden buds".

So many ashes are boring winter to spring, tolerable throughout summer, and spectacular mainly in the fall. Here is one with yellow spring foliage and another show all winter long. There are more interesting months with GOLDEN DESERT than most other cultivars around.

LCH

Fraxinus excelsior GOLDEN DESERT™ ('Aureafolia', 'Landes')
ht: 20-25 ft. - smaller than some 'Jaspidea'
ha: narrowly erect, globose with age
st: twigs often very thick, knob-like with the numerous hidden buds, golden yellow, very showy (see photo above)
lc: yellowish new growth, later light green to yellowish-green
afc: yellow
ns: the cultivar name 'Aureafolia' does not appear to be pre-1959 and would be confused with 'Aurea'.
id: appears to differ from 'Jaspidea' in 1) smaller, more globose form with age, and 2) summer leaves less yellow.

Fraxinus excelsior 'Grift'
ns: a listed name from Europe c. 1989. Description needed.

Fraxinus excelsior f. diversifolia 'Hessei'
ha: wider crown, more horizontal than f. diversifolia which it resembles, ovoid overall
st: more olive green than f. diversifolia as typical
lt: 1-3 leaflets, mostly a single leaflet in trade material
ir: a lovely plant ruined by it's borer susceptability
afc: usually not showy, often weak green to yellow shades
in: Hesse Nursery, Weener, Germany 1937

Fraxinus exselsior f. diversifolia 'Diversifolia Lacinata' ('Monophylla Laciniata')
lt: 1-2 leaflets as the forma but these distinctly incised rather than serrate

Fraxinus excelsior f. heterophylla = 'Diversifolia'

Fraxinus excelsior f. diversifolia 'Heterophylla Pendula' ('Diversifolia Pendula')
ha: pendulous
lt: similar to f. diversifolia, that is, 1-3 leaflets and these often cut
or: Spath Nursery, Berlin, Germany c. 1898

Fraxinus excelsior 'Jaspidea' ('Jaspidea Aurea')
ha: vigorous, broadly conical, faster than 'Aurea' and larger when of the same age
bud: fewer than 'Aurea'
st: bright golden-yellow, showy in winter, sometimes stripped green
lc: yellowish-green, later yellow by summer
or: France c. 1802

Fraxinus excelsior 'Jaspidea Pendula' = 'Aurea Pendula'?
ns: Bean suspects this was a more vigorous form but it is apparently unknown today.

Fraxinus excelsior 'Kimberly' ('Kimberly Blue', 'Rancho')
ht: 30 ft. tall x 20 ft. wide
ha: compact, symmetrical, vigorous, strong
sex: male - fruitless
dr: weakened by a virus of some type
in: Kimberly Nursery, Kimberly ID c. 1936

Fraxinus excelsior 'Monarch' = 'Althena'

Fraxinus excelsior f. monophylla = 'Diversifolia'

Fraxinus excelsior 'Monstrosa'
st: sometimes striped, occasionally fasciated
lt: sometimes alternate - quite odd for an opposite-leaved genus!

Fraxinus excelsior 'Nana' (f. globosa, polemonifolia)
ht: 2.5m tall x 2.5m wide
ha: dwarf, dense, globose in time, usually grafted high on a standard
ll: 15-20cm - smaller
lt: 9-11 leaflets - tending to have more or the higher part of the range
ns: Bean prefers the name 'Globosa' but Krussman is followed here.

Fraxinus excelsior 'Napa'
ns: a typo in Krussman for 'Nana'

Fraxinus excelsior 'Pendula'
ht: 50 ft. tall (many years) - one old tree was topworked with scions at 90 feet!
ha: slightly drooping to distinctly arching downward, umbrella-shaped in time, often grafted high on the stock.
sex: female - bears fruit
or: England c. 1725
lu: common throughout Europe, especially England. It is sometimes used to form elegant arbors but is often
lu: seems as speciman grafted high on understock. It is one of the most lovely of all weeping trees when it
lu: attains an age over 50 years or so.

Fraxinus excelsior 'Pendula Wentworthii'
ha: main limbs erect, laterals drooping and hanging down, some limbs more horizontal than nodding
in: known from a tree at Kew

Fraxinus excelsior 'Pendulifolia Purpurea'
ha: drooping to pendulous
lc: new growth purplish-brown, later green
or: France c. 1864

Fraxinus excelsior 'Punctata'
lc: pink spots become yellow spots
or: Europe before 1864

Fraxinus excelsior 'R.E. Davey' (12/02)
ha: more vigorous than 'Crispa', thus an improved landscape plant
lt: leaves curious contorted
or: Dick Davey found in Devon, England

Fraxinus excelsior f. scolopendifolia = 'Erosa'

Fraxinus excelsior 'Spectabilis'
ha: narrowly pyramidal, branches more erect

Fraxinus excelsior 'Stripey' (12/02)
ns: listed in the RHS PLANT FINDER 1997 and not since. We have no other reference to it.

Fraxinus excelsior 'Stanway Gold'
ns: a listed name in the RHS PLANT FINDER 1997.

Fraxinus excelsior 'Tota Aurea'
lsp: received at the Morton Arboretu, Lisle IL USA in 1927 from Klehn Nursery. Is it regular 'Aurea'?

Fraxinus excelsior 'Transonii'
lc: yellow
or: thought to be Transons Nursery, France but not confirmed. It was lost at Kew and probably is extinct.

Fraxinus excelsior 'Verrucosa'
bk: rough, textured and split on mature trees

Fraxinus excelsior 'Verticillata'
lt: sometimes whorled in 3's, occasionally alternate

Fraxinus excelsior 'Westhof's Glorie'
ha: vigorous, dense, broadly pyramidal
st: bright green at frist
lc: brownish new growth becomes green
lt: leafs out later, 11-13 leaflets
in: van t'Westeinde 1947
eval: long a good street tree in Europe and probably the best clone overall for this purpose

Fraxinus excelsior woillastonii = F. oxycarpa 'Raywood'

Fraxinus holotricha 'Moraine'
ht: 30-40 ft. tall x 30-40 ft. wide
ha: globose
lt: fine-textured, a nice look when well grown and borer free
ir: borer damage is reported so this is no longer on the "top ash" list

Fraxinus japonica [variegated]
lc: margined and mottled cream
li: Yokoi, M. and Y. Hirose. 1978. Variegated Plants. Siebundo Shinkosha Pub. Ltd.

Fraxinus languinosa [variegated]
lc: splashed white
li: Yokoi, M. and Y. Hirose. 1978. Variegated Plants. Siebundo Shinkosha Pub. Ltd.

Fraxinus manschurica 'Mancana'
ht: 50 ft. tall x 25 ft. wide
ha: vigorous
afc: yellow
ch: very cold hardy as species - 2
lu: said to tolerant wet to dry soils in the coldest of climates.
li: Can. Hort. Council, Rep. of the Com. Hort. Res. 146, 1982
li: AABGA Bull. 18:107,1984

Fraxinus nigra 'Fallgold'
ha: vigorous, widely angled branches
lc: dark green
afc: often golden-yellow, very showy and persistantly so
sex: male - seedless
or: Morden Res. Station, Canada

Fraxinus nigra 'Majors Gold' (4/5)
ht: 30-40 ft. tall x 10-15 ft. tall
ha: tighter, denser oval than species typical, narrower, more erect
afc: golden-yellow, starting earlier than species typical and having a longer duration
in: Aubin Nurseries, Carmen, Manitoba, Canada before 2005

Fraxinus 'Northern Gem' (F. nigra x F. mandschurica)
ha: broadly ovoid
sex: flowers perfect - limited fruit known to date (2002)
ch: more cold hardy than most clones in the genus - USD 2-3

Fraxinus 'Northern Treasure' (F. nigra x F. mandschurica)
ha: narrower than 'Northern Gem'
ch: more cold hardy than most clones in the genus - USD 2-3

Fraxinus ornus 'Anita'
fd: inflorescence large, showy
lc: dark green

Fraxinus ornus 'Arie Peters'
ha: broadly ovoid
sex: female - thus showy in flower

Fraxinus ornus DESIGNER™ 'Meczek'
ht: 3m tall x 2m wide
st: "thick"
ha: globose, "moptop"
lc: dark green
lu: said to wind resistant and a favorite of designers for its shape as a street tree
in: Flemings Nurseries, Aust. c. 2001

Fraxinus ornus 'Emerald Elegance'
ha: pyramidal to globose
sex: male
infl: larger panicles than species typical, showy
fc: near white
ff: richly scented

Fraxinus ornus 'Fastigiata Pyramidalis'
ha: presumably columnar
ns: listed in the RHS PLANT FINDER 1996. This name is not established from pre-1959 literature.

Fraxinus ornus 'Louisa Lady'
ns: a listed name in Europe c. 2001. Description needed.

Fraxinus ornus 'Obelisk'
ha: narrowly pyramidal to columnar

Fraxinus ornus 'Rotterdam'
id: an improved, flowering clone. Details requested.

Fraxinus ornus var. rotundifolia (Lam.) Ten.
ha: smaller tree to shrub
ll: leaflets 1.0 inch long - typically 2-4 inches in var. ornus (species typical)
ls: leaflets rhombic-elliptic, appearing rounder - more ovate-oblong to obovate in var. ornus
ns: it is not F. rotundifolia Michx.
geo: Balkans and Calabria

Fraxinus ornus 'Victoria'
ha: ovoid, dense
frq: seedless

Fraxinus oxycarpa 'Flame'
ht: 30 ft. tall x 25 ft. wide
ha: globose, symmetrical
lc: glossy dark green
afc: dark red, showy
in: Scanlon

Fraxinus oxycarpa 'Raywood' (F. excelsior raywoodii, F. excelsior wollastonii)
ha: narrowly erect, wider with age
lt: 7-9 leaflets
lc: glossy dark green
lm: leaflets sharply serrate, giving a nice appearance
afc: rich purple, often showy but not coloring well in some areas
ir: borers have been a problem
or: Australia c. 1910
in: Notcutt, Suffolk, England to British trade after 1925

Fraxinus pennsylvanica AERIAL™ 'Lednaw'
ha: narrowly upright
ht: 45 ft. tall x 12 ft. wide
frq: seedless
lc: glossy green
rai: regarded as an improvement over 'Summit'
or: W. Wandell
in: Lake County Nur. 1990's
pat: US #7120 in 1990

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Aucubifolia'
lc: speckled yellow

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Bergeson'
ha: vigorous, straight central leader
bark: lightly tinged bronze
lw: narrower than typical
lc: glossier green than typical
afc: yellow
or: seedling from Bergeson Nur of Fertile MN collected for northern MN
or: where stock is proven to be cold hardy.
in: Bergeson Nur. c. 1981
frq: seedless
ch: more cold hardy
pat: US #4904 in 1982

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Boscii'
lsp: Morton Arboretum, Lisle IL USA received from L. Spaeth in 1938.

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Cardan'
dr: borer resistant
prop: stable seed strain
or, in: USDA Soil Conservaton Service
lu: recommended for mass seedling for windbreaks in the plains states

Fraxinus pennsylvanica CENTERPOINT™
ht: 45 ft. tall x 35 ft. wide
ha: broadly ovoid to pyramidal
lc: glossy dark green
afc: yellow shades
sex: male - fruitless
or: found in IO USA
in: Landscape Plant Dev. Center MN USA
li: Dirr, M.A. 1998. Man. Woody Land. Plts. Stipes. p. 394

Fraxinus pennsylvanica CIMMARON® 'Cimmzam'
ht: 60 ft. tall x 30 ft. wide
ha: narrowly erect when young, later more ovoid
lc: dark red
afc: dark red to orange shades, holding color 7-10 days longer than some clones
in: Lake County Nursery

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Dakota Centennial' ('Wahpeton')
sex: male and hence seedless
gr: vigorous - to 2.4 ft. per year for 10 or more years
ha: 'elliptical-pyramidal' but wider with age. It has terminal or apical
ha: dominance and uniform scaffolding of limbs.
lc: bright glossy dark green - less glossy as it matures
ac: dark yellow
ch: 3
or: Taken from 50 collections made in the Northern Plains in 1972-3 by
or: the Univ. of ND. They were evaluated from 1975-85 and the superior
or: male seedless clones were named.
li: Herman, D. 1991. Introduction of three Fraxinus pennsylvanica cultivars
li: and one Pyrus ussuriensis cultivar. Land. Pl. News 2(2): 7-8.

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Emerald'
ht: 12m
ha: symmetrical, ellipsoidal (3D ellipse)
bk: rough, corky, interesting with age
lc: dark rich green
frq: fruits well in some trials
ch: less cold hardy - USDA 5
or: Marshall Nurseries, NE USA 1948
ns: Krussman apparently confused it with 'Marshall's Seedless' which is 1-2 zones more cold hardy
pat: US# 3088

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Foothills' = 'Heuver'

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Goldie'
ha: globose
ht: 40 ft. tall x 30 ft. wide
afc: deep yellow shades
or: Schichtel Nur. of Orchard Park (Buffalo area) NY c. 1988
li: Jacobson, A.L. 1996. North American landscape trees. Ten Speed Press.
li: Berkeley.

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Harlequin'
lc: irregular white margins with grey-green and gray variegations throughout
or: branch sport found in Quebec c. 1987
reg: IRA 1993
li: Jacobson, A.L. 1996. North American landscape trees. Ten Speed Press.
li: Berkeley.

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Heuver' ('Foothills')
ha: ovoid, denser than 'Patmore'
bk: smoother than 'Patmore'
lc: glossy dark green
lm: less serrate than 'Patmore'
frq: seedless
ch: very cold hardy, proven in Canada and northern US states over many years
or: Henry Heuver as seedling in 1970's
pat: US #13262 to Henry Heuver, Calgary, Alberta, Canada 11/19/2002
ns: it was trialed extensively as 'Foothills' prior to being patented
wholesale source:
Jeffriesnurseries.com (online catalog 2002)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Honeyshade'
ha: vigorous
sex: male - fruitless
lc: glossy dark green
or: Klehm Nursery

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Jewell'
ha: well-branched
lc: dark glossy green
frq: seeds very sparse
or: Jewell Nur. of Lake City MN 1975
li: Jacobson, A.L. 1996. North American landscape trees. Ten Speed Press.
li: Berkeley.

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Kankakee'
ht: 45 ft. tall x 35-40 ft. tall
ha: straight, strong leader
lc: lighter green than most modern dark clones
or: Kankakee Nursery, Aroma Park, IL USA

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Kindred'
ha: upright-spreading, symmetrical form.
lc: dark green
ch: more cold hardy (ND)
frq: seedless
or: Ben Gilbertson of Kindred ND
in: Cross Nur. of Lakeview MN 1979
li: Jacobson, A.L. 1996. North American landscape trees. Ten Speed Press.
li: Berkeley.

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'King Richard'
lc: dark green and glossy
ha: uniformly upright
frq: seedless
ch: 4
in: Klehm catalog of 1985
rd: 11 Oct. 1988
or: Roy Klehm in 1970 from a plant in S. Barrington IL
li: Hortscience 24(3): 431

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Lednaw' = 'Aerial'

Fraxinus pennsylvanica LEPRECHAUN™ 'Johnson'
ha: compact, dwarf
ll: about 1/2 normal species dimensions
or: M. Yanny of Wayne Johnson Nur. found as chance seedling
in: Wayne Johnson Nur. of Menomonee Falls WI c. 1994
li: Jacobson, A.L. 1996. North American landscape trees. Ten Speed Press.
li: Berkeley.

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Mahle'
ha: broad oval, well branched on younger stock
or: from the yard of K.A. Mahle of Woodbury MN
in: Bailey Nur. of St. Paul MN c. 1988
frq: seedless
li: Jacobson, A.L. 1996. North American landscape trees. Ten Speed Press.
li: Berkeley.

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Manbeck Select' NEW NAME
ha: broadly ascending, straight trunk
or: sport of 'Marshall Seedless'
in: Manbeck Nur. of Knoxville OH c. 1991
ns: the original name of 'Select' is insufficiently distinct and has been used before.
li: Jacobson, A.L. 1996. North American landscape trees. Ten Speed Press.
li: Berkeley.

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Marshall's Seedless' ('Marshall')
ht: 50 ft. tall x 40 ft. wide
ha: pyramidal, less dense than some other clones
lc: glossy dark green
afc: yellow shades
sex: male - mostly fruitless but fruit has appeared on older trees
or: Marshall Nursery
ns: the trade has more than one clone. Krussman and others confuse it with Marshall's other introduction
ns: known separately as 'Emerald'

Fraxinus pennsylvanica NEWPORT™ 'Bailey' ('Bailey's Select')
ht: 55 ft. tall x 40 ft. wide
ha: improved branching, straight trunk
sex: male - fruitless
ch: more cold hardy - USDA 3b
in: Bailey Nurseries

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Niobrara'
in: William H. Collins, Cole Nurseries c. 1959

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Oconee'
ht: 30 ft. tall x 18 ft. wide (original tree in wild)
ha: pyramidal to conical, narrower than some
lc: glossy dark green
afc: no major colors to date (2002)
frq: none reported to date (2002)
or: Mike Dirr found at McNutt's Creek, Oconee Co, GA USA - first known clone to be from southern provence
in: Schmidt Nurseries will likely introduce it
ph:
nobleplants.com

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Patmore'
ha: vigorous, straight leader, symmetrical
lc: glossy green
afc: more persistant in fall
or: found at Vegreville, Alta, Canada

Fraxinus pennsylvanica PRAIRIE DOME™ 'Leeds'
sex: male and seedless
gr: moderate - slower than 'Dakota Centennial' and 'Prairie Spire'
gr: It averages 1.44 ft. per year over about 10 years
ha: densely oval at first but maturing to dense globose. Less terminal
ha: dominance than 'Dakota Centennial'
lc: glossy dark green but less glossy as leaves mature
ac: yellow - held 6-9 days after 'Dakota Centennial' and 'Prairie Spire'
ch: 3
or: Taken from 50 collections made in the Northern Plains in 1972-3 by
or: the Univ. of ND. They were evaluated from 1975-85 and the superior
or: male seedless clones were named.
li: Herman, D. 1991. Introduction of three Fraxinus pennsylvanica cultivars
li: and one Pyrus ussuriensis cultivar. Land. Pl. News 2(2): 7-8.

Fraxinus pennsylvanica PRAIRIE SPIRE™ 'Rugby'
sex: male and seedless
gr: intermediate - slower than 'Dakota Centennial' - 1.84 ft. per year
ha: narrowly erect with terminal dominance and dense lateral branching.
ha: It becomes narrowly pyramidal with age.
lc: bright glossy green becoming semi-glossy dark green
ac: bright golden yellow
ch: 3
or: Taken from 50 collections made in the Northern Plains in 1972-3 by
or: the Univ. of ND. They were evaluated from 1975-85 and the superior
or: male seedless clones were named.
tm: the name 'Prairie Spire' is trademarked
li: Herman, D. 1991. Introduction of three Fraxinus pennsylvanica cultivars
li: and one Pyrus ussuriensis cultivar. Land. Pl. News 2(2): 7-8.

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Robinhood'
lc: 'vibrant' green and glossy
ha: vigorous and upright
sex: male and seedless
rd: 11 Oct. 1988
or: Roy Klehm from a plant in S. Barrington IL in 1970
li: Hortscience 24(3): 431

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Select' = 'Manbeck Select'

Fraxinus pennsylvanica SHERWOOD GLEN™
ha: uniformly upright
lc: dark green
lt: thicker than typical
in: Klehm catalog of 1984
rd: 11 Oct. 1988
or: Roy Klehm from a plant in S. Barrington IL
li: Hortscience 24(3): 431

Fraxinus pennsylvanica SKYWARD™ 'Wandell'
ha: narrow, densely leaved
bark: rougher than typical
lt: blades thicker
afc: deep bronze red
or: W. Wandell c. 1988
tm: name is trademarked
li: Jacobson, A.L. 1996. North American landscape trees. Ten Speed Press.
li: Berkeley.

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Summer Green'
in: McKay Nur. of Waterloo WI c. 1987
li: Jacobson, A.L. 1996. North American landscape trees. Ten Speed Press.
li: Berkeley.

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Summit'
ht: 45 ft. tall x 25 ft. wide
ha: narrowly pyramidal to ovoid, straight leader
lc: glossy medium green - less dark than some modern clones
afc: golden yellow, often showy, leaf drop up to 2 weeks before 'Marshall's Seedless'

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Tornado'
ha: strong growing, straight trunk
ch: more cold hardy
frq: seeds production has been observed
or: Smith Nur. of Charles City IA 1974
li: Jacobson, A.L. 1996. North American landscape trees. Ten Speed Press.
li: Berkeley.

Fraxinus pennsylvanica URBANITE®
ha: compact, broadly pyramidal
bark: deeply furrowed on younger trees
frq: seedless
lt: blades thick
lc: glossy green
afc: bronze colors
or: Wandell Nur. of Urbana IL c. 1987
pat: US #6215 in 1988
li: Jacobson, A.L. 1996. North American landscape trees. Ten Speed Press.
li: Berkeley.

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Variegata'
lc: silvery-gray with creamy-white margins and spots

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Wandell' = 'Skyward'

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Wasky'
pat: US #7036 in 1989 by W. Wandell
li: Jacobson, A.L. 1996. North American landscape trees. Ten Speed Press.
li: Berkeley.

Fraxinus pennsylvanica 'Zundert'
ns: a listed name c. 2002

Fraxinus quadrangulata [Schmidt selection]
ht: 40 ft. tall x 30 ft. wide
ha: broadly ovoid, symmetrical
lc: dark green
afc: yellow
in: Schmidt Nursery c. 1995

Fraxinus quadrangulata 'True Blue'
ha: vigorous
lu: tolerant of limestone soils
lc: green all summer, not fading to yellow as many seedlings

Fraxinus sieboldiana

Fraxinus uhdei 'Hagen'
in: Hagen Nur. of San Marino CA 1951
li: Jacobson, A.L. 1996. North American landscape trees. Ten Speed Press.
li: Berkeley.

Fraxinus uhdei 'Majestic Beauty'
ha: globose, vigorous, strongly branched
ll: blades to 16 in. long - much larger than typical
lc: dark glossy green
fodur: more reliably evergreen in CA
frq: seedless
in: Monrovia Nur. 1966
pat: US #2860 in 1969
rai: Jacobson notes this clone is typical of ordinary species seedlings as seen at the L.A. Arb.
li: Jacobson, A.L. 1996. North American landscape trees. Ten Speed Press.
li: Berkeley.

Fraxinus uhdei 'Monus' = 'Majestic Beauty'

Fraxinus uhdei 'Hagen'
in: Hagen Nur. of San Marino CA 1951
li: Jacobson, A.L. 1996. North American landscape trees. Ten Speed Press.
li: Berkeley.

Fraxinus uhdei 'Orange County'
ha: vigorous, uniform
fodur: green color remains until mid-December in CA
or: Orange County Nur. of Norwalk CA c. 1988
ns: Jacobson lists it distinct from F. velutina 'Orange County' - only one cv. name is allowed per
ns: genus so if they prove unique one of them must be renamed.
li: Jacobson, A.L. 1996. North American landscape trees. Ten Speed Press.
li: Berkeley.

Fraxinus uhdei 'Tomlinson'
ht: 4m tall x 2m wide (10 years)
ha: small tree, narrowly pyramidal, branches erect
lt: blades thick
lm: distinctly serrate, holly-like
or: Tomlinson's Select Nursery, Whitter CA USA c. 1965

Fraxinus 'Veltheimii'
bk: not ridged as in F. angustifolia
bud: very dark blackish-brown - a good ID feature
lt: leafets 1 (2-3), leaflets narrower than F. excelsior f. diversifolia
ll: leaflets 2-5 in. long when solitary
lw: leaflets 0.75-1.5 in. wide when solitary
lc: glossy dark green
lm: coarsely serrate to dentate
lv: glabrous above and below
in: Diecks Nursery to Kew 1889
ns: Krussman considered it part of F. excelsior f. diversifolia and other put it with F. angustifolia. Bean's study of
ns: the trees at Kew separate them to perfection.

Fraxinus velutina 'Berrinda'
ch: greater than species typical
in: L.E. Cooke Nur. of Visalia CA 1992
tm: name is registered tm
li: Jacobson, A.L. 1996. North American landscape trees. Ten Speed Press.
li: Berkeley.

Fraxinus velutina 'Fan-Tex' ('Rio Grande' in part)
ht: 60 ft. or more
ha: uniformly upright, symmetrical, vigorous
bark: often nearly white
lc: dark green
ll: longers blades to 12 in., each leaflet 4-6 in. long
lt: 7-9 leaflets, leafing out early in spring, uniform
afc: yellow, held longer in fall than species typical
frq: seedless
ir: borer resistant
id: it is thought to be related to F. uhdei but we have not verified this re-assignment.
tm: cv. name is a registered trademark in the US
pat: US #2412 in 1964
or: Eddie Fanick of San Antonio TX early 1960's.
in: Alridge Nur. of Von Ormy TX 1962. Krussman lists the nursery as Ildrige Nursery.

Fraxinus velutina 'Fan West'
ha: well branched, uniform.
lc: light olive green
id: it has been referred to F. pennsylvanica, which may in fact be it's other parent.
tm: cv. name is unregistered trademark
or: Eddie Fanick of San Antonio TX as seedling from banks of Gaudalupe River
in: L.E. Cooke Nur. c. 1976

Fraxinus velutina var. glabra 'Modesto'
ha: compact, vigorous
ht: 45 ft.
bark: shaggy - somewhat appealing
lc: glossy dark green - as with the variety
afc: yellow - as is the variety
lt: 3-7 leaflerts
ll: leaflets smaller than species typical
lw: glabrous as the variety
frq: seedless
lu: long regarded as the best cv. for general use - alkaline soil tolerance is notable.
or: from a tree in a city park in Modesto CA c. 1940

Fraxinus velutina 'Orange County'
ha: straight, central leader, vigorous
or: Orange County Nur. of Norwalk CA c. 1988
li: Jacobson, A.L. 1996. North American landscape trees. Ten Speed Press.
li: Berkeley.

Fraxinus velutina 'Rio Grande' = 'Fan-Tex'

Fraxinus velutina 'Stribling'
frq: seedless
or: Stribling Nur. of Merced CA

Fraxinus velutina 'Sunbelt'
ha: dense, oval, uniform shape.
in: L.E. Cooke Nur. of Visalia CA c. 1991
li: Jacobson, A.L. 1996. North American landscape trees. Ten Speed Press.
li: Berkeley.

Fraxinus velutina var. toumeyi 'Tecate' (F. attentuata 'Tecate'?)
ht: 25 ft.
lt: 5 leaflets
lm: entire (toothless)
la: acuminate
lt: thicker blades
or: Baja CA near Tecate
li: HortScience 21(3) 363, 1986

Fraxinus velutina 'Von Ormy'
ha: vigorous tree
lw: leaflets narrower than typical
frq: seedless
or: Aldridge Nur. of Von Ormy TX c. 1985
li: Jacobson, A.L. 1996. North American landscape trees. Ten Speed Press.
li: Berkeley.