Make your own free website on Tripod.com

Copyright 1998-2005. Laurence C. Hatch. All Rights Reserved.
No duplication, downloading, printing, or saving to medi without
written permission of the New Ornamentals Society.

Ginkgo biloba 'Akigane' (4/02)
ha: broadly conical, symmetrical
sex: male - fruitless
afc: reliably bright yellow
or: F.C. Boyd Jr. selection in 1950's from a tree in the Boyd Nursery
so:
Boyd Nursery
(online catalog 2002)

Ginkgo biloba 'Argentea'
lc: silvery
id: this is not known in the trade or collections today. One can find a silvery sheen on some leaves at
id: times but such a distinct clone is not with us today.
li: Nelson, J. 1866. Pinaceae. p. 164

Ginkgo biloba 'Aurea' ('Yellowleaf')
lc: yellow in spring and summer. Welch in his 1990 Conifer Manual considers it "golden-variegated"
so: this clone is apparently not in N. American cultivation
li: Nelson, J. 1866. Pinaceae. p. 164
li: Seneclauze, A. 1867. Les Coniferes. 81.

Ginkgo biloba Variegata Group 'Aureovariegata'
lc: variegated yellow - which also applies to the original 'Variegata'
or: J.R.P. van Hoey-Smith received this from an American nursery in 1967.
ns: the name is not thought to be published before 1959 so it is not valid.

Ginkgo biloba 'Autumn Glory'
li: Dendroflora 9: 61 (1982) without description.

Ginkgo biloba 'Autumn Gold'
ha: oval and erect
sex: male and thus fruitless
ac: reliably yellow in fall - most modern clones are gold in fall but
ac: some seedlings drop leaf with only partial yellow color.
or: selected in 1951 in San Jose CA by M. Van Rensselaer
in: Saratoga Hort. Foundation, CA USA
li: Van Rensselaer, M. 1956. J. Cal. Hort. Soc. 17: 100-101.
so: Toole's Bend Nur. 423-531-7773 (phone or FAX)

Ginkgo biloba 'Barabits Dwarf' ('Barabit's Nana')
ht: 2m.
ha: dwarf to semi-dwarf, compact

Ginkgo biloba 'Bell' = 'Canopy'

Ginkgo biloba 'Bergen op Zoom'
ha: straight trunk, reduced size.
ht: 4m.
web:
Ginkgo page (Cor Kwant)

'Bon's Dwarf' ('Bon', 'Bon's') - click image
Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden, Richmond, Virginia, USA. Summer 2003.


Ginkgo biloba 'Bon's Dwarf' ('Bon', 'Bon's')(12/99)
ha: compact
gr: slow
or: witches broom
li: Dirr, M. 1998. Man. Woody Land. Plts. Stipes. Champaign Illinois. p. 407

Ginkgo biloba 'Broom with Tubes' (1/00)
ns: listed name with
Blue Sterling Nursery. Sounds like a WB version of 'Tubeleaf'?

Ginkgo biloba 'Bryson City'
ns: listed name with J.C. Raulston Arb. at NC State University c. 1998

Ginkgo biloba 'Canopy'
ha: globose head - that is not spreading as with some seedlings.
sex: male
or: Wavecrest Nur. of Fenville MI
so: Toole's Bend Nur. 423-531-7773 (phone or FAX)

'Chase Manhattan' - click image
JC Raulston Arboretum. Summer 2003.


Ginkgo biloba 'Chase Manhattan'
ht: 15 ft. in many yuears
ha: semi-dwarf, very compact, uniform
or: Bob Hartline of IL. Another reports says Bonn Hartline. The later spelling has suggested
or: to some a confusion with 'Bon's Dwarf', a dwarf witchesbroom mutant.
so:
source (Dave's Nursery)


Ginkgo biloba 'Chi Chi' or 'Chi Chi Icho' = 'Tschi Tschi'

Ginkgo biloba 'Chris Dwarf' (9/02)
ns: a listed name with
dancing-oaks.com (online website 2002)

Ginkgo biloba - Edible, pomological cultivars
li: Santamour, F.S., Shan-an He, and A.J. McArdle. 1983. Checklist of
li: cultivated Ginkgo. J. Arboriculture 9(3): 90."

Ginkgo biloba Fastigiata Group 'Elmwood Fastigiate' ('Elmwood Fastigiata' invalid)
ha, so: "one of the very best upright forms" (
Girard Nurseries online catalog 2002)
sex: male

Ginkgo biloba EMPEROR™ 'Woodstock'
ht: 50 ft. tall x 35-40 ft. wide (original tree)
ha: strong central leader, well-branched, uniformly oval. Photos we have seen do not suggest it
ha: it especially unique.
sex: male
afc: yellow, showy
or: Berthold Nursery, Woodstock IL USA selected from local private residence. It is thought the
or: original tree may have been given to the homeowner by the founder of D.Hill Nur. in early 1900's.
in: Chicagoland Grows c. 1994.
li: Jacobson, A.L. 1996. North American landscape trees. Ten Speed Press.
li: Berkeley.
li: Dirr, M. 1998. Man. Woody Land. Plts. Stipes. Champaign Illinois. p. 407

Ginkgo biloba 'Epiphylla' ('Ohazuki')('Ohasuki')('Ohatsuki')('Ohazaki')
ht: 4m.
ls: half-rounded.
frs: fruit stems unusually winged, especially at the apical portions
sex: female.
lu: while it is treasured in Japan for the ususual fruiting trait it has distinctive foliage too
or: Japan in 1900's but apparently not named until the 1950's.
ns: the cultivar name is based on var. epiphylla Mak. which appears to have priority in publication
ns: over the vernacular Japanese names. In any event it would not be a botanical variety though
ns: a case could be made for the rank of forma.
web:
Ginkgo page (Cor Kwant)

Ginkgo biloba 'Fairmont'
ha: compact, narrowly pyramidal with uniform central leader, vigorous, more open than 'Autumn Gold'
ht: 70-80 ft. tall x 30 ft. wide
afc: not always yellow or showy.
sex: male
or: Saratoga Hort. Foundation c. 1962 from a tree plants in Philadelphia PA at the Centennial
or: Exposition in 1876. It is named for Fairmont Park at the expo site.
so:
source (Forest Farm)


Ginkgo biloba Fastigiata Group 'Fastigiata' (f. fastigiata (Henry) Rehd.)
ha: columnar to narrowly conical, almost always wider with age
or: probably from a notable, narrow tree in Hortus Botanicus, Leiden to a historical link to Master's
or: publication or plants at Kew is not certain.
ns: this name is not used so much for one clone as any columnar variant. It could be one clone but most
ns: people doubt it. The cultivar group is preferred since it is not known in the wild. Rehder in those
ns: days used botanical formae in the abscence of the "cultivar" or cultivar groups that we have today.
ns: the cultivar name applied to the original clone while others may be assigned to the group.
li: Master in Kew Hand-list Conifer. 1986: 19

Ginkgo biloba 'Globus'
ha: bullet-like
lw: larger than species typical.
web:
Ginkgo page (Cor Kwant)

Ginkgo biloba 'Golden Girl'
afc: bright yellow
sex: female
or: Arborvillage of Holt MO c. 1994

li: Jacobson, A.L. 1996. North American landscape trees. Ten Speed Press.
li: Berkeley.

Ginkgo biloba 'Green Pagoda' (12/3)

ha: dwarf, dense, eventually upright-conical as a pagoda
or: Leo Gambardella OR USA
so, in:
Stanley & Sons Nursery (online catalog Fall 2003)

Ginkgo biloba 'Gresham'
ha: horizontal with no upright or drooping limbs. Also described as wide-spreading.
ht: 35 ft. tall x 45 ft. wide
gr: 8-16 in. per year
or: original plant in front of the Gresham Union High School in OR
so:
Greer Gardens
so: order catalog ->
Stanley and Sons

Ginkgo biloba 'Hecksenbezen Leiden'
ha: small, bushy.
ht: 3m.
or: witches broom.
web:
Ginkgo page (Cor Kwant)


Ginkgo biloba 'Horizontalis'
ha: horizontal, lower-growing canopy
or: from a distinct tree at Leiden Bot. Gard.
so: not in the trade.

Ginkgo biloba 'Jade Butterfly' ('Jade Butterflies')
ha: dwarf and V-shaped with foliage borne in dense clumps. It is said
ha: to resemble Acer palmatum 'Shishigashira' in general aspect.
ns: the name derives from a similarity of the leaves to clusters of dark
ns: green butterflies.
lc: very dark green
or: Duncan and Davies Nursery of NZ
so: order catalog ->
Stanley and Sons

Ginkgo biloba 'Joe's Dwarf'
so:
source (Dave's Nursery)

Ginkgo biloba 'Kew'
or: named for a tree at Kew Gardens planted in 1762.
ns: while it is certainly a clone the nomenclature codes prohibit the use of cv. names for
ns: purely historical reasons - which you might imagine could get out of hand. Considering
ns: this plant does not seem to have distinquishing ornamental traits it may be regarded as invalid
ns: though perhaps commercial viable.
so:
source (Forest Farm)

Ginkgo biloba 'King of Dongtong'
gr: reduced, slower.
lw: larger leaves.
web:
Ginkgo page (Cor Kwant)

Ginkgo biloba 'Laciniata' ('Macrophylla Laciniata')
lm: blades more deeply incised, often cut 2-5 times, as opposed to 1-2 times in most variants.
ll: blades larger than typical - up to 10-12 in.
ns: 'Macrophylla Laciniata' is in every way identical and merely reflects a description of it's two
ns: notable traits.
or: Reynier of Avignon France c. 1840
in: Seneclauze Nur. of France after 1840

Ginkgo biloba 'Lakeview'
ha: compact, conical to broadly pyramidal
afc: rich dark yellow
sex: male
or: Scanlon c. 1955 from Lakeview Cemetary of Cleveland OH
in: Jacobson reports it was sold mainly in the late 50's to mid 60's.
li: Dendroflora 19: 61 (1982)

Ginkgo biloba 'Liberty Splendor'
ha: broadly pyramidal with strong central trunk. Arborvillage compares it to the 'Greenspire' linden
ha: and 'Bradford' pear for form.
sex: female
or: Arborvillage of Holt MO c. 1994
li: Jacobson, A.L. 1996. North American landscape trees. Ten Speed Press.
li: Berkeley.
li: Dirr, M. 1998. Man. Woody Land. Plts. Stipes. Champaign Illinois. p. 407

Ginkgo biloba 'Macrophylla'
ll: larger than species typical
id: nothing of this name is in the modern trade. Larger-leaved trees do appear in gardens but this
id: original clone is not in modern gardens.
li: Nelson, J. 1866. Pinaceae. p. 164.

Ginkgo biloba 'Macrophylla Laciniata'= 'Laciniata'

Ginkgo biloba 'Magyar'
ha: uniform upright growth with a strong central leader. Symmetrical.
ht: 50 ft. tall when 20-23 ft. wide.
sex: male
rai: described as being "urban tolerant" by several sources but as the
rai: species deserves the same reputation more clarification is required!
rai: Reportedly can replace 'Princeton Sentry' as improvement over it.
or: Princeton Nur. of NJ c. 1991
so:
source (Aesthetic Gardens)
so:
wholesale source (Femrite Nursery)
so: order catalog ->
Stanley and Sons
so:
source (Forest Farm)

Ginkgo biloba 'Mariken' (8/01)
ht: 3 ft. tall x 6-10 ft. wide
ha: compact, dwarf, semi-pendulous when grafted high on understock
or: P. Vergeldt from tree in Nijmegin
photo, reference:
Ginkgo page (Cor Kwant)

Ginkgo biloba Fastigiata Group 'Mayfield'
ha: very narrowly fastigiate
sex: male
or: Scanlon Nur. 1948
in: Scanlon Nur. 1950's
li: Proc. Amer. Plant Prop. Soc. 1951: 28

Ginkgo biloba 'Micropylla'
ll: smaller than species typical
li: Nelson, J. 1866. Pinaceae. p. 164.

Ginkgo biloba 'Ming Princess'
ha: dwarf
lt: described as "fine foliaged", apparently in texture
reg: PVR 1996 to Duncan and Davies Nur. Cancelled 1998.
web:
pvr.govt.nz

Ginkgo biloba 'Mother Load' (12/99)
frq: abundant, reportedly unscented fruit
or: Louisiana Nur.
li: Dirr, M. 1998. Man. Woody Land. Plts. Stipes. Champaign Illinois. p. 407

Ginkgo biloba 'Ohasuki' = 'Epiphylla'


Ginkgo biloba 'Old Gold'
ha: upright, symmetrical
sex: male
li: Dirr, M. 1998. Man. Woody Land. Plts. Stipes. Champaign Illinois. p. 407

Ginkgo biloba 'Palo Alto'
ha: uniform form under propagation
sex: male
or: Scanlon Assoc. of OH in 1955
in: US trade 1960's
ns: It could be assumed the cv. originated in California with such a name. However it is thought
ns: Scanlon selected name for its literal meaning of "tall timber" rather than Palo Alto, CA.
li: Shade Tree Selection Comm. 1955. Trees Mag. 15(3): 10-11
li: Santamour, F.S., Shan-an He, and A.J. McArdle. 1983. Checklist of
li: cultivated Ginkgo. J. Arboriculture 9(3): 90."

'Pendula' - click image
Dawes Arboretum. Summer 2003. Two older but disappointingly non-pendulous examples of this poorly named cultivar. Plants are
more horizontal and wide than species typical - true. But they are never truly weeping in this cultivar. We are told that the new
clone 'Ross Moore' is a true weeper.

Ginkgo biloba 'Pendula'
ha: stiffly weeping forming inverted umbrella over time but often irregularly branched in all directions until very old. Some branches may be divergent and
ha: horizontal or nodding at best. It is more of a curiosity than a truly beautiful plant in most cases. One sees young trees in
ha: arboretum with various forms of staking and training - it is not always possible to reveal the natural form with such training,.
ns: It is unclear if our modern clones are same as the original
or: Charles can Geert of Ghent Belgium 1855
in: US trade since 1960's. Girard Nur. offered it since the 80's.
eval: a plant only a collector could love. Welch says it "seldom makes an attractive specimen"
li: A. Van Geert Nur. Catalog (Belgium) 1862: 62

Ginkgo biloba Variegata Group 'Pevé Lobo' (12/4)
ha: open, irregular
lc: striped creamy-yellow to light yellow, a darker shade than most 'Variegata', reverting also
or: P. Vergeldt, Lottum, Netherlands, introduced 2003, found as seedling
li: Houtman, R. 2004. Variegated trees and shrubs: an ill. encyclop. Timber Press. p. 146-147, with color photo

Ginkgo biloba Variegata Group 'Pevé Maribo' (12/4)
ha: smaller, subglobose, branches thicker, slower than species, somewhat like parent 'Mariken'
lc: striped cream to light yellow much as 'Variegata', differing in habit, vigor, and leaf thickness
lt: thicker, more leathery blades than species typicakl
or: P. Vergeldt, Lottum, Netherlands, introduced 2003, a sport of dwarf 'Mariken'
li: Houtman, R. 2004. Variegated trees and shrubs: an ill. encyclop. Timber Press. p. 146-147, with color photo

Ginkgo biloba 'Prague' ('Pragensis')
ha: low spreading and 'parasol-shaped'
ns: the Latin name 'Pragensis' is apparently not published prior to 1959
ns: and therefore a non-Latin form was been used.
li: Hadfield, M. 1969. Gard. Chron. 166(18): 6.

Ginkgo biloba 'Prehistoric Gold' (6/5)
bk: tinged golden-yellow
afc: golden-yellow
so: Girard Nurseries (online catalog 2005)


Ginkgo biloba 'The President'
ha: dense, broadly upright oval with strongly ascending limbs
afc: reliably yellow
sex: male
or: selected by Mike Dirr at Univ. of Georgia at President's House
in: Schmidt Nur. c. 2000
photo:
Nobleplants/Mike Dirr
li: Dirr, M. 1998. Man. Woody Land. Plts. Stipes. Champaign Illinois. p. 407

Ginkgo biloba 'Princeton Gold'

ha: strong central leader and symmetrical form
sex: male
or: Princeton Nur. 1960's
prop: proved difficult to propagate by Princeton and was discontinued.
pat: US #2675 in 4 Oct. 1966

Fastigiata Group 'Princeton Sentry' - click image to enlarge
North Carolina Arboretum, Asheville NC. May 2003. The silhouette of this young tree was sharp and interesting just before a darkening sky and hard rain.

Ginkgo biloba Fastigiata Group 'Princeton Sentry' ('PNI 2726')
ha: narrowly columnar to conical - improved 'Fastigiata'
sex: male
or: Princeton Nur. from a plant at Roosevelt Blvd. in Philadelphia PA planted in 1940
in: Princeton Nur. 1972 or 1967.
li: Dendroflora 19: 62 (1982)

Ginkgo biloba 'Prostrata' - 12/99 ADDITION
ns: listed name with the
RHS

Ginkgo biloba Variegata Group 'Rainbow' - 12/99 ADDITION
lc: heavily striped yellow - more than typical 'Variegata' clones and without reversion
photo, source:
Aesthetic Gardens

Ginkgo biloba 'Robbie's Twist' (9/02)
ns: a listed name with
dancing-oaks.com
(online website 2002)

Ginkgo biloba 'Ross Moore' (11/02)
ha: strongly weeping, not horizontal to slightly drooping as 'Pendula'. A true weeper.
or: Ross Moore, Moore's Natives, Lenior NC USA found in a client's landscape
in: Pendulous Plants c. 2002
photo, so:
Pendulousplants.com (online catalog 2002)

Ginkgo biloba Variegata Group 'Roswitha' (12/4)
ha: horizontal, branches spreading as parent 'Horizontalis', best seen grafted on a standard
lc: striped cream to light yellow as 'Variegata', differing mainly in habit, reverting also
or: Rudolf Dirr, Asbach-Baumenheim, Germany, introduced 1992, sport of 'Horizontalis'
li: Houtman, R. 2004. Variegated trees and shrubs: an ill. encyclop. Timber Press. p. 147, with color photo

Ginkgo biloba 'Saint Cloud' ('St. Cloud')
ha: branches at about 90 degree angles and with few secondary limbs
ha: leaves are densely placed. Can have an odd skeletal appearance due to many short shoots
or: original tree at Jardin Kahn St. Cloud-sur-seine in Paris France
in: to USA as PI 242018
ns: cultivar names should not be abbreviated so spelling it out is advised.
li: Meyer, F.G. 1961. Baileya 9: 127-133.

Ginkgo biloba 'Salem Lady' - 5/99 ADDITION
so:
source (Whitman Farms)

Ginkgo biloba 'Santa Cruz' ('Umbrella')('Umbraculifera')
ha: low, spreading, umbrella-shaped
sex: once thought to be male but it is indeed female - messy fruit is apparent on older plants.
afc: reliably yellow
lu: the size and shape made it useful for under powerlines - however the fruit rules it out
or: from Van Rensselaer of Saratoga Hort. Foundation of Saratoga CA from a plant at
or: Santa Cruz CA.
in: Scanlon Nur. 1951; W.B. Clarke 1960. A plant called 'Umbrella' is said to be an introduction by
in: J.C. Bakker & Sons in 2003 (Amer. Nur. 12/15/2002: 23). We are inquiring to see if they have
in: separate origins or not.
li: Scanlon, E.H. Plant Prop. Soc. Proc. 1: 20-32

'Saratoga' - click image

Ginkgo biloba 'Saratoga'
ha: dense, compact, central leadered with secondary limbs upright.
ht: 40 ft. tall x 30 ft. wide
sex: male
ls: more deeply cut and with long lobes. The leaves droop in a very
ls: elegant manner quite superior to most other compact clones.
la: irregular, not generally symmetrical, often more tattered than incised, very elegant as a whole.
la: Some blades appear as if chewed or just with aborted development, many remain bifid with
la: divided 3-4 times. It is a curious and remarkably lovely mutation after a decade or so.
lb: more narrowly cuneate.
or: Saratoga Hort. Foundation 1975
so: Toole's Bend Nur. 423-531-7773 (phone or FAX)

Ginkgo biloba 'Sentry' = 'Fastigiata' or perhaps 'Princeton Sentry'

Ginkgo biloba 'Shangri-la'
ha: compact, pyramidal, uniform
ht: 40 ft. tall x 30 ft. wide
gr: very vigorous - 8-16 in. per year
afc: bright yellow
or: C. Wandell of Urbana IL
sex: male
pat: US #5221 in 1984
reg: cultivar name is a registered trademark
so:
wholesale source (Femrite Nursery)
so: order catalog ->
Stanley and Sons


Ginkgo biloba 'Sinclair'
ha: fully branched
sex: male
or: Princeton Nur.
in: Siebenthaler Nur. of Dayton OH 1977
prop: proved too difficult to propagate and is not commercial viable today.
li: Jacobson, A.L. 1996. North American landscape trees. Ten Speed Press.
li: Berkeley.

Ginkgo biloba 'Sterile'
sex: male
or: Siebenthaler Nur. of Dayton OH
ns: the name is virtually synonymous with grafted male plants and is not a valid cultivar name.
ns: It is listed here for historical reasons.
li: Jacobson, A.L. 1996. North American landscape trees. Ten Speed Press.
li: Berkeley.

Ginkgo biloba Variegata Group 'Snowflake' (*V) - 9/99 ADDITION
lc: variegated white - mottled?
so:
Cedar Lodge

Ginkgo biloba 'Spring Grove' - 12/99 ADDITION
ha: smaller, compact, globose
or: witches broom found at Spring Grove Cemetary in OH
photo, source:
Aesthetic Gardens

Ginkgo biloba 'St. Cloud' = 'Saint Cloud'

Ginkgo biloba 'Sunstream' (5/02)
lc: streaked yellow, not reverting
so:
R.P. Tuthill
(online catalog 2002)

Ginkgo biloba 'Tit' = 'Tschi Tschi'

Ginkgo biloba 'Todd' (6/5)
ha: semi-dwarf, from a witches broom
ls: variably split and cut
so: Girard Nurseries (online catalog 2005)

Ginkgo biloba 'Troll' (8/01)
ha: compact, dwarf, witches-broom type form
ls: typical to more rounded.
or: Johann Wieting from a tree in Krefeld, Germany
photo, reference:
Ginkgo page (Cor Kwant)

'Tschi-Tschi' - click image
JC Raulston Arboretum. Summer 2002.
The very rare and much sought after 'Tschi Tschi' (aka 'Chi Chi' or 'Tit') showing it's trademark qualities. While not exactly suitable for the next Victoria's Secret catalog, this curious beauty is perhaps worth growing for conversation value alone. For all the novelty and juvenile humor value, plants in public gardens have been the victim of both vandalism and political correctness when undue attention is brought to the cultivar.

Ginkgo biloba 'Tschi-Tschi' ('Tit', 'Chi Chi', 'Chi Chi Icho')
ha: denser, fan-shaped, dwarf, having a witches broom appearance at time.
bk: bark produces numerous breast-shaped protuberances or swellings, some of which are said to be clusters
bk: of dormant buds. However, some of the protuberances are so large there are certain to be burl-like
bk: developments of wood rather than just buds.
or: Japan
in: probably first seen in the west in Holland in the 70's. Did not reach the US trade in any big way until the 90's.
ns: the cultivar name literally means breast and has numerous spellings and translations. The original
ns: Asian cultivar name requires no renaming in the Western world as done in times past.
so:
source (Collector's Nursery)
so:
wholesale source (Firma C. Esveld)
so:
source (Evergreen Gardens Works)

li: Dendroflora 15-16: 54 (1979)

'Tubeleaf' - click image
JC Raulston Arboretum. Summer 2002.

Ginkgo biloba 'Tubeleaf' ('Tubiformis','Tubifolia','Tubiforme')
ha: upright
ls: curled and fused like a tube, trumpet, or cup with margins fused. Actually holds rain! This trait is most
ls: apparent on spur leaves. Larger stem leaves are often more typical though well incised. Some leaves are
ls: very narrow tubes while others are more butterfly-like with the classic bilobing but fused 25-40% of the base.
ls: the petiole is often round due to uniform fusion of tissues above it. It is curious that while most leaves
ls: have just one inner well or tight "container" others have two. See the photo above to see how variable
ls: and wonderful this genetic oddity can be.
ns: The Latin names do not appear to be published before the 1959 cutoff date. Thus we have
ns: chosen to follow Jacobson who coined this vernacular epithet.
or: unknown, very likely from Japan or China. It seems to have be missed by all the collectors who meticulously
or: catalogued Japanese cultivars since the late 1800's. Nor does it seem to have been found in the bonsai
or: community who usually cherish such odd, curious variations.
in: Mitsch Nur. of Aurora OH to US trade c. 1991.
so:
wholesale source (Firma C. Esveld)
so: order catalog ->
Stanley and Sons
so:
photo, source (Coenosium Gardens)

li: Jacobson, A.L. 1996. North American landscape trees. Ten Speed Press.
li: Berkeley.

Ginkgo biloba 'Tubifolia'

Ginkgo biloba 'Tubiformis' ('Tubeleaf')

Ginkgo biloba 'Umbrella' or 'Umbraculifera' = 'Santz Cruz'

'Variegata' - click image
Juniper Level Botanic Gardens, Raleigh NC. Spring 2004. A pretty, young tree with vigor. This shoot was extra colorful.

Ginkgo biloba Variegata Group 'Variegata'
lc: mottled creamy-yellow to yellow - some blades being all yellow or half so. It often reverts to green.
sex: female - we believe this being the Japanese one at least. Males are reported from other clone
or: A. Leroy of Angier France in 1854 as seedling. Another clone came from Japan in 1861 to the US via
or: G.R. Hall and also bears this name. They are substantially similar in appearance and tendency
or: to revert. Therefore nomenclatural distinctions have not been made over the years - they are
or: "lumped" in effect.
ch: less cold hardy, best protected in winter north of USDA zone 7.
in: US trade since 1880's and continuing today through specialty growers.
ns: 'Snowflake' and 'Rainbow' are names now used for superior variegated clones - the later being
ns: more stable than traditional 'Variegata' clones and more highly colored. The name 'Aureovariegata'
ns: is perhaps a synonym. Yokoi and Hirose show photos of both wide-leaved and narrow-leaved
ns: clones, assigning the name 'Variegata' to the narrow, more fasciated one.
li: Carriere, E. 1867. Tr. Gen. Conif. p. 712.
li: Yokoi, M. and Y. Hirose. 1978. Variegated Plants. Seibundo Shinkosha Pub.

Ginkgo biloba 'WB'
ha: dense globe.
gr: 2-4 in. per year.
lc: light green.
ns: the name stands for witches broom and requires a permanent valid name
so: order catalog ->
Stanley and Sons

Ginkgo biloba 'Windover' ('Windover Gold')
ha: broadly pyramidal to oval.
gr: 8-16 in. per year
lc: very bright green.
ls: described as unusual and fan-shaped - without clarification
afc: reliably bright yellow.
fr: fruitless. Male?
or: Windover Nur. of IN
so:
source (Aesthetic Gardens)

Ginkgo biloba 'Woodstock' (12/99) = see EMPERIOR