Point' = 'Sky Pencil/'

Ilex crenata 'Petite Pointe'
ha: upright pyramid
ch: 6
so: Twombly Nur. 203-261-2133

Ilex crenata 'Piccolo'
so: Foxborough Nur. 301-836-7023

Ilex crenata 'Pincushion'
ha: compact mound or dense globose
lu: bonsai or small container
so: Forest Farm, 990 Tetherow Rd, Williams, OR 97544-9599

Ilex crenata 'Pride's Tiny'
ha: compact
ht: 2-3 feet in many years
sex: female

Ilex crenata 'Sky Pencil' ('Pencil Point')
ha: densely and narrowly columnar (pencil-like)
ht: 8 ft. in many years
gr: slower than many columnar cultivars
lc: dark green
or: US National Arb.
sex: female
so: Roslyn Nur. 516-643-9347

Ilex crenata 'Siro fukurin' = 'Snowflake'

Ilex crenata 'Snowflake' (Ilex crenata 'Siro fukurin')
so: Foxborough Nur. 301-836-7023

Ilex crenata 'Soft Touch'
ha: compact
ht: 2-3 ft.
lc: bright green all year
lt: foliage soft-textured unlike most other cvs.
sex: female
ch: 6
so:
Roslyn Nursery

Ilex crenata 'Steeds' ('Steeds Upright')
ha: upright columnar to oval - very distinct vertical laterals

 

DWARF TO SEMI-DWARF CULTIVARS

'Delaware Diamond' - click image to enlarge
Holly Collection, US National Arboretum, Spring 2003

'Piccolo' - click image to enlarge
Holly Collection, US National Arboretum, Spring 2003

'Dwarf Pagoda' - click image to enlarge
Atlanta Botanical Garden. Summer 2003.

'Nakada' - click image to enlarge
US National Arboretum. April 2004. There is no other major cultivar that can have 3-toothed apices.

Delaware Diamond - 12 x 30 in. in 12 years, tiny 8mm long elliptic leaves, dense mound
Dewdrop - dark green, elliptic 15mm leaf, very slow, a bonsai favorite
Dwarf Pagoda - dark green suborbicular to oval 10mm leaves, lovely erect to horizontal shape
Fairyland - olive green, elliptic 13mm blades with a twist, tiny little dwarf
Green Dragon - dark green, suborbicular to oblong leaf, like as smaller 'Mariesii', informal shape
Green Pygmy - dark glossy convex 1.5cm leaf, dwarf, usually taller than wide
Mount Halle (6/5)  - dwarf, female. Source, origin: Mallet Court (online catalog 2005), their own intro. from Korea
Nakada - stiffy erect, very slow, 1m in 10 years, 2-3m in 20 years, very rounded suborbicular to broadly ovate leafs, apex often forked
Piccolo - dark green elliptic 1.4cm leaves overlapp in whorls, very dense, 1 inch growth a year
Pinnochio - tiny 1cm ovate-oval leaves, irregular dwarf

 

SPREADING, MOUNDED, TO CUSHION-SHAPED (wider than tall and green)

'Muffin' - click image to enlarge
Raulston Arboretum Spring 2003.

'Hoogendorn' - click image to enlarge
Ebersole Holly Collection, Sandhills Community College NC. Spring 2003.

'Loyce Nelson' - click image to enlarge
Holly Collection, US National Arboretum. April 2004. This cultivar struck as being of interesting architectural shape. It's very rare but you may
find it worth seeking out. So many of the spreaders fall apart and most do not mature this elegantly.

'Repandens' - click image to enlarge
Ilex Collection, Norfolk Botanical Garden. Spring 2004. There are not many hollies of this wide look.

'Mobjack Supreme' - click images
Tidewater/Hampton Roads Arboretum. Spring 2004. Very blackish-green, semi-convex leaves.

Divaricata - dark green, elliptic-obovate 2cm blades, arching-spreading
Firefly - dark glossy green, elliptic to ovate 2.5cm leaf, compact, wider than tall
Helleri - tiny broadly elliptic-ovate leaves, dense spreading mound 2-3x wide as tall, very common
Hoogendorn - subglobose-spreading, compact, dark green 2.5cm leaves, male, very cold hardy
Kingsville Dwarf - dark green, elliptic leaf. Like a larger and more vigorous 'Helleri'
Kingsville Green Cushion (Green Cushion) - improved 'Helleri' type mound in rich green, -6 F. hardy
Miss Muffit - small elliptic 1.3cm leaves, compact, eventually to 3 ft. tall x 6 ft. wide
Muffin - dark glossy green, 1.4cm onling leaves, low compact mound, more cold hardy
Repandens - several clones but most vigorous spreaders, narrow long leaf in one popular clone, often sparse and twiggy
Soft Touch - glossy dark green, like a softer and less rigid 'Helleri' with larger leaves

 

GLOBOSE TO SUBGLOBOSE (+/- as wide as high) - NOT DWARF

''Flushing' - click image to enlarge

'Compacta' - click image to enlarge
Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden. Summer 2003.

'Buxifolia' - click image to enlarge

'Twiggy' - click image to enlarge
US National Arboretum. Summer 2004.

Hetzii - click image

Bennett's Compact - low, compact, elliptic 2.5cm leaf, dark green, male
Black Beauty - dark green, very cold hardy (OH), convex obovate 2.2cm blade
Border Gem - dark green, broadly elliptic, more cold hardy, tiny 1.2cm leaf
Compacta - a polyclonal name for various compact, subglobose plants, most of them medium green and glossy in leaf
Convexa - distinctly convex 2cm leaves, medium glossy green, very common in gardens
Flushing - compact, subglobose to sometimes more erect, olive-green obovate-elliptic leaf, male.
Gable - dark green, elliptic-obovate 2cm leaf, upright to mounded form
Glory - dark green 2cm leaves, broadly globose, extremely cold hardy to -23 F. or more
Green Island - vigorous low spreader, dark green oval-obovate leaves to 2.2cm
Green Lustre - glossy elliptic leaves, compact but not dwarf
Green Thumb - dark green all year, elliptic 2cm leaves, very compact, about 30 x 30 inches
Hetzii - dark green 2.8cm leaf is like a larger 'Convexa' blade, compact, vigorous, hardy to USDA 6. Fruit is very common.
Howard - dark green, obovate-oblong semi-convex blade, vigorous upright-spreading, hardier
Lisa - dark green, elliptic-obovate 1.6cm leaf, dense globose form
Mentor Dense - dark green glossy blade, larger 'Convexa' shape, very compact
Microphylla - many clones but most dark green, 10mm leaf, a nice low hedge or edging plant
Oconee River - glossy dark green, convex blade, globose form, male
Rotundifolia - large rounded 3cm leaves, various clones but mot compact and rounded overall
Stokes - medium green, elliptic 1.5cm leaf, variable form but usually subglobose and compact
Twiggy - dark green, elliptic 1.5cm blade, pleasant informal compact globose, 4-6 ft. tall and wide

 

UPRIGHT - PYRAMIDAL TO COLUMNAR

'Steeds Upright' - click image to enlarge
Ebersole Holly Collection, Sandhills Community College NC. Spring 2003.

'Sky Pencil' - click image to enlarge
Gotelli Conifer Collection, US National Arboretum. Spring 2003.

'High Light' - click image to enlarge
Holly Collection, US National Arboretum. Spring 2003.

'High Light' - click image
US National Arboretum. Summer 2004.

'Mariesii' - click image to enlarge
Coker Arboretum, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC. Summer 2003.

'Glass' - click image to enlarge

'Marien' - click image to enlarge
Tidewater/Hampton Roads Arboretum. Spring 2004. This name is doubtful While the foliage resembles 'Mariesii' (a close spell away), the overall
habit of this plant did not. It is certainly in the same Nummularia Group (coin-leaved).

Alan Seay - glossy dark green, tiny Micropylla Group leaf, hardy to -23 F, green all year
Beehive - beehive-shaped (conical) to mounded, tiny 2cm long leaf, very dark green
Butler - upright hedge, medium green, elliptic 1.2cm leaf, female often with berries
Carolina Upright - dark green, broadly elliptic 2.5cm blade, pyramidal
Centennial - upright, recommended for hedges
Cherokee - dark gree, elliptic 2cm blades, upright to pyramidal
Chesapeake - glossy dark, slightly convex blade, good hedge to 6-8 ft.
Cole's Hardy - pyramidalk, more hardy than species typical
Dwarf Cone - dark green, narrowly elliptic 1.5cm blades, 6 ft. tall x 3 ft. wide, not dwarf
Glass - compact, upright, smallish dark 1.5cm leaf of 'Microphylla' type, numerous teeth in upper half
Green Cone - narrowly upright, 'Convexa' type leaf
Green Splendor - glossy dark green, mid-sized blade but fine-textured, broadly pyramidal
Hatfield - dark green obovate leaves to 3cm, vigorous and upright
High Light - dark green, 2cm elliptic leaf, short internode, Boxwood-like habit and texture
Highlander - dark green elliptic-obovate 1.6cm leaves, broadly pyramidal, USDA 6 hardy
Imperial - dark green, elliptic-obovate 1.8cm leaf, vigorous, very narrowly columnar, good hedge
Jersey Pinnacle - dark green, elliptic 1.8cm leaf, 6 x 4 ft., upright at first, hardy to -13 F. in NJ
John Nash - dark olive green, broadly elliptic-oval 1.8cm leaf, compact, columnar at first
John Nosal - dark green, elliptic-oval 2cm leaf, fastigiate at first, later 5.5 x 1.5 ft.
Latifolia - large leaf to 3.2cm, vigorous, often an upright small tree
Mariesii - dark green, ovate-orbicular 12mm leaf, stiff upright form, often fruits in black, eventually 8-12 ft. tall
Noble Upright - dark green, elliptic-obovate 2.2cm leaves, broadly pyramdal
Rocky Creek - dark green, ovatw 3.2cm leaves, notable for contorted erect stems
Schwoebel's Upright (Schworbel's Upright) - glossy flat leaf, strong pyramidal form to 8 ft. or more
Sentinel - dark green, oval-oblovate 2.7cm leaves, narrowly conical, proven as a hedge, hardier
SKY SENTRY™ 'Sky Pencil' - very fastigiate, 8-10 times tall as wide, a very vertical statement, best in groups
Steeds Upright - dark green, elliptic-oblong 1.6cm leaves, vigorous, compact, erect for hedging
Wintergreen - dark green, oval to broadly elliptic 1.8cm leaf, very cold hardy, proven hedge

 

GOLDEN LEAF (not variegated)

Golden Heller (Golden Helleri) - click image
Brookside Gardens, Maryland USA. April 2004.

Lemon Gold (Lemon Gem?) - click image
Juniper Level Botanical Gardens, Raleigh NC USA. Spring 2004.

Golden Gem - tinged or suffused gold, 'Convexa-type 1.8cm leaf, dense, fairly hardy
Golden Heller (Golden Helleri) - low mound as 'Helleri' but gold tints on 20-50% of surface (if in sun)
Golden Queen - glossy yellow leaf
Lemon Gem - gold leaves fade to lime green to yellowish-green, low mound
Lemon Gold - golden-greenish foliage, dwarf, very slow. Probably another name for 'Lemon Gem'

 

CONTORTED

Rocky Creek (6/5) - 6 ft. tall x 4-6 ft. wide, twisted and contorted, open branching, leaves glossy dark green, 1.0-1.25cm long x 0.75cm wide. Source: Wavecrest Nursery (online catalog 2005)

 

VARIEGATED LEAVES

Anygo (Kiro-fukurin) - click image
Ebersole Holly Collection, Sandhills College, NC USA.

Snowflake - click image
JC Raulston Arboretum. Summer 2003.

Hoogendorn Variegated - click image
Plant Delights Nursery. Fall 2003. Leaves are both margined gold and suffused in lime, green, and gold shades.

Gold Digger - click image
Tidewater/Hampton Roads Arboretum, Norfolk VA USA Summer 2003. It resembles 'Snowflake' but appears to be
slightly more yellow in the mature foliage.

Anygo (Kiro-fukurin) - irregularly mottled yellow at apex, blades over 1 in. long. See photo above.
Aureovariegata - spotted and mottled yellow, leves to 2cm long
Dan's Gold - irregularly spotted and mottled yellow, some all yellow, elliptic-lanceolate blade
Drops of Gold (12/02) - bright creamy-yellow spots or suffusions,
Ronald Byrnes of Geneva OH as 'Hetzii' sport
Ellipta Gold - irregularly mottled yellow, narrowly elliptic 1.5cm blade, often dense
Fulvomarginata (Cha-fukurin-tsuge) - brownish-yellow margins, old Japanese clone
Gold Digger - irregularly and thinnly margined light yellow to cream, some leaves half chimera or more.
Gold Variegated - spotted gold or mostly green, the Tingle Nursery clone
Golkdstaub - elliptic leaves mottled yellow or yellowish-green
Hoogendorn Variegated - leaves margined and suffused yellow shades
Luteovariegata - spotted yellow, elliptic-lanceolate blade is smaller than 'Aureovariegata'
Microphylla Aureovariegata - tiny 10mm leaf as 'Microphylla' but also gold mottled
Midas Touch - broadly margined light yellow, most highly colored of the gold variegated clones
Snowflake - cream margins on dark green, contrasts well, a strong narrowly pyramidal plant
Wiesmoor Silber - mottled gray, green, and cream, sometimes half variegated, dense mound

 

GOLDEN TO CREAM FRUIT (Watanabeana Group)

Butterball - light green, elliptic 2cm leaf
Forty Niner - light green, oval-obovate 1.6cm leaf
Geisha - tiny elliptic-obovate 15mm leaf, very glossy, bright yellow fruit, eventually to 30 in. tall
Honeycomb - light green, elliptic leaf
Ivory Hall - light green, elliptic 1.8cm leaf, clear yellow fruit but ivory in greenhouses
Ivory Tower - light green, elliptic 1.5cm leaf, greenish-yellow fruit, broadly erect form
Sunshine - dark green, yellow fruit at maturity, cold hardy to USDA 6
Yellow Fruit (Yellow Berry) - a general name given to various clones. Named ones above are best

 

Ilex crenata 'Angyo'
so: Foxborough Nur. 301-836-7023

Ilex crenata 'Aurea' ('Yellow Leaf'?)
lc: yellow
ns: validity of this name is in doubt. Probably same as 'Yellow Leaf'
so: Twombly Nur. 203-261-2133

Ilex crenata 'Blondie' (4/01)
ns: listed name from Oprins Plant NV (Netherlands?)

Ilex crenata 'Bulks Compact' (4/01)
so:
Four Seasons Nursery

Ilex crenata 'Compacta'
ha: compact and globose
ll: small
lc: bright glossy medium green
so: Twombly Nur. 203-261-2133

Ilex crenata 'Delaware Diamond'
ha: dwarf mounding
sex: male

Ilex crenata 'Dwarf Pagoda'
ha: densely compact and dwarf and erect
so: Foxborough Nur. 301-836-7023

Ilex crenata 'Geisha'
ha: dwarf, mounded
ht: 3-4 ft.
lc: glossy medium green
ll: small blades
ls: convex
frc: bright yellow
sex: female
so:
Roslyn Nursery

Ilex crenata 'Glory'
ha: compact globose
lc: dark glossy green
ch: 6
so: Twombly Nur. 203-261-2133

Ilex crenata 'Golden Heller' ('Golden Helleri')
ha: dwarf mound as 'Helleri'
lc: bright pale yellow - can burn in South
ll: identical to 'Helleri'
ns: we have no pre-1959 record of 'Golden Helleri' so 100% vernacular is
ns: to be preferred under the ICNCP guidelines.

Ilex crenata 'Green Dragon'
ha: compact and dwarf
ll: minute
ls: rotund or more rounded
lu: bonsai use is recommended
so: Twombly Nur. 203-261-2133
so: Foxborough Nur. 301-836-7023
so: Forest Farm, 990 Tetherow Rd, Williams, OR 97544-9599

Ilex crenata 'Green Lustre' ('Green Luster')
ha: low mound of twice wide as tall
ch: 6
so: Twombly Nur. 203-261-2133

Ilex crenata 'Fairyland'
ha: very small dwarf
sex: female

Ilex crenata 'Dewdrop'
sex: female
ha: very dwarf

Ilex crenata 'Ivory Tower'
ha: upright - hence the word tower
frc: ivory to ivory-yellow if grown in full sun
rd: 1974
or: Norman Cannon
so: Holly Haven, 136 Sanwood Rd, Knoxville, TN, 37923.

Ilex crenata 'Jersey Jewel'
ha: dwarf much like 'Dwarf Pagoda'
lc: dark green
lm: small spinose teeth
frc: red
frq: fruit moderately produced if at all
sex: female - one source says male

or: Elwin Orton, Rutgers Univ.
so:
Roslyn Nursery

Ilex crenata 'Jersey Midget'
ha: dwarf, spreading, slightly twisted
lc: dark green
sex: female
or: Elwin Orton, Rutgers Univ.
so:
Roslyn Nursery

Ilex crenata 'Jersey Sprite'
ha: dwarf, twice as wide as tall
lc: dark green
sex: female
or: Elwin Orton, Rutgers Univ.
so:
Roslyn Nursery

Ilex crenata 'John Nosal'
ha: columnar to nearly fastigiate with about 5:1 ratio
ht: original plant 5.5 ft. when 1.5 ft. wide
ll: 0.75 in.
lw: 0.20 in. but possibly wider on older limbs
ls: elliptic to oval
lm: entire or 1-3 minute spinose teeth
rd: 12 November 1970 by Matthew Nosal of Calverton NY
or: chance seedling found by John Nosal in 1939 at Little Neck NY
in: propagated since 1957 in NY
lsp: original plant died in 1959

Ilex crenata 'Lemon Gem' (4/01)
ha: low, compact, mounded similar to 'Helleri'
lc: yellow becoming green - much lighter than 'Golden Heller'
so:
Triple Oaks

Ilex crenata f. microphylla ('Microphylla')
ll: smaller - usually 1.5-2.0cm
ns: this name covers ordinary 'Microphylla' which is polyclonal

Ilex crenata f. microphylla 'Glossy Leaf'
ha: large shrub to small tree
lc: glossy green - not all f. microphylla are
so: Twombly Nur. 203-261-2133

Ilex crenata 'Midas Touch'
or: Dr. Elwin Orton at Rutgers University as 'Microphylla' sport
lc: heavily sectored bright yellow
lw: similar to 'Microphylla' or about 0.5-0.75 cm
ha: low and compact
ch: 6
so: Roslyn Nursery
so: Foxborough Nur. 301-836-7023

Ilex crenata 'Monmouth' (4/01)
so:
Four Seasons Nursery

Ilex crenata 'Birmingham'
ha: low and wide-spreading
ht: 1.84m
wd: 2.75m
ls: lanceolate
ll: 29mm
lw: 8mm or very narrow
pet: 2.5mm long
sex: female
rd: 8 March 1984 to J. Franklin Styer of W. Chester PA
or: from 1000 seedlings bought in 1940 by Styer Nur. and selected in 1983
in: 1980 to trade by Styer Nur.
li: Eisenbeiss, G.K. and T.R. Dudley. 1984. Ilex cultivar registrations.
li: Holly Soc. J. 2(2): 10

Ilex crenata 'Nakada'
ha: stiffly erect and dense with 1-few stems
ha: brachytic with dwarf shoots or short internodes
ht: 3m in app. 20 years
wd: 1m in app. 20 years
gr: to 15cm with internodes of 2-30mm long
ls: ovate-elliptic to obovate or sometimes orbicular to suborbicular
ll: 5-15mm or rarely to 25mm
lw: 5-15mm
lc: dark green (RHS 141B) with lower surface more yellow
lb: truncate to obtuse
lm: thickened with 1-4 acute mucronate teeth per side
la: tridentate with 2 notches
pet: 2-5mm long and thick
lt: very thick
syn: PI 236233 and NA 25701
or: from Japan by John Creech in 1957 as var. nummularia and
or: and named for Nakada Nursery from which the plant was introduced
sex: male unlike the female 'Mariesii' which may be confused with it
rai: can pollinate 'Mariesii'
lu: small enough for rock garden and container use and bonsai subject
in: distributed to trade in 1964 and 1971
li: Dudley, T.R. and G.K. Eisenbeiss. 1978. 'Nakada' Holly. HortScience
li: 13(6): 709-710 (December 1978)

Ilex crenata 'Miss Muffet'
ha: low and dwarf into a mound
ht: 19 in. tall when 40 in. wide in 15 years
ll: 'small'
ls: elliptic and flat (not convex)
or: seedling of 'Convexa' by Norman Cannon in 1955 as one of 5000 tested
rd: 26 October 1970 by Norman Cannon of Greenwood DE

Ilex crenata 'Muffin'
ht: original plant was 3.9m
wd: original plant was 6.9m
gr: 5.1cm per year or slowish
lc: dark green and glossy
ls: convex and oblong
lm: mean of 5 crenate teeth per side
ll: 1.4cm
lw: 7mm
ha: low dense mound with irregular horizontal growth
or: seedling selection by Polly Hil from Japanese seed around 1965
or: Seeds from Japan were called var. convexa
rd: 3 Nov. 1977 to Polly Hill of Martha's Vineyard MA

Ilex crenata 'Pencil Point' = 'Sky Pencil/'

Ilex crenata 'Petite Pointe'
ha: upright pyramid
ch: 6
so: Twombly Nur. 203-261-2133

Ilex crenata 'Piccolo'
so: Foxborough Nur. 301-836-7023

Ilex crenata 'Pincushion'
ha: compact mound or dense globose
lu: bonsai or small container
so: Forest Farm, 990 Tetherow Rd, Williams, OR 97544-9599

Ilex crenata 'Pride's Tiny'
ha: compact
ht: 2-3 feet in many years
sex: female

Ilex crenata 'Sky Pencil' ('Pencil Point')
ha: densely and narrowly columnar (pencil-like)
ht: 8 ft. in many years
gr: slower than many columnar cultivars
lc: dark green
or: US National Arb.
sex: female
so: Roslyn Nur. 516-643-9347

Ilex crenata 'Siro fukurin' = 'Snowflake'

Ilex crenata 'Snowflake' (Ilex crenata 'Siro fukurin')
so: Foxborough Nur. 301-836-7023

Ilex crenata 'Soft Touch'
ha: compact
ht: 2-3 ft.
lc: bright green all year
lt: foliage soft-textured unlike most other cvs.
sex: female
ch: 6
so:
Roslyn Nursery

Ilex crenata 'Steeds' ('Steeds Upright')
ha: upright columnar to oval - very distinct vertical laterals
lc: dark glossy green
rai: this clone is very distinct and could replace most old clones
so: Twombly Nur. 203-261-2133

Ilex crenata 'Stokes'
ha: dense low mound
ns: it has been confused with I. vomitoria 'Stokes' but at least one
ns: clone is a true I. crenata.

Ilex crenata 'Tiny Tim'
ha: low spreading mound similar to 'Helleri'
ch: 5
rai: it is winter durable where 'Helleri' (zone 6) will not grow.
so: Twombly Nur. 203-261-2133

Ilex crenata 'Twiggy'
ha: slow wider than tall pyramid or low glose
gr: slow and refined - too slow for some nurserymen to like
ll: small and refined
so: Twombly Nur. 203-261-2133
or: US National Arboretum

Ilex crenata 'Yellow leaf'
ns: this is compact upright gold-leaf clone. There is also 'Golden Heller'
ns: which is a goldleaf dwarf mound.
so: Foxborough Nur. 301-836-7023

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