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Larix decidua f. adenocarpa (Borb.) Fitsch.

frd: 3-4cm - larger cones
frt: cones soft pubescent, closed at maturity
or, geo: Tirol (Tyrol), first found by Horbas 1904.

Larix decidua f. alba ('Alba')

fc: flowers and young cones greenish-white
ns: denOuden and Boom list it as a cultivar but state it occurs "through the whole area"
ns: and is not in cultivation. This clearly suggests the rank of botanical form.
geo: known from Switzerland and Austria since before 1855

Larix decidua 'Autumn Gold Weeping'

ha: weeping
lc: distinctly golden yellow

Larix decidua 'Cervicornis'

ha: smaller, shrub-like, branches said to be "antler-like"
or: found at Mt. Semmeing, Steiermark, Austria 1909
in: Dieck Nur, Germany

Larix decidua 'Cherry Valley'

ha: globose, dwarf, 6 in. growth a year
so:
Stanley & Sons Nursery (online catalog 2002)

Larix decidua 'Compacta'

ha: denser, compact, conical, more highly branched. Branches can be brittle
or: A. Gorrie, Yorkshire, England c. 1830

Larix decidua 'Conica'

ha: conical to pyramidal, lower limbs horizontal, branches curving upward
or: Bonamy Brothers Nursery, France before 1868

Larix decidua 'Corley'

ha: dwarf, globose, lacking a central leader
or: R.F. Corley, High Wycombe, Bucks. England from witches broom before 1971
in: Hillier Nurseries before 1971

Larix decidua 'Croxby Broom'

ns: a listed name for a witches broom clone.

Larix decidua 'Curvifolia'

lw, ll: shorter, narrower needles
lt: irregularly curved
or: Seneclauze Nur. , France found before 1868

Larix decidua 'Cyclone Ridge No. 1'

ns: a listed name for a witches broom clone.

Larix decidua 'Cyclone Ridge No. 2'

ns: a listed name for a witches broom clone.

Larix decidua 'Fastigiata'

ha: narrowly columnar to fastigiate, said to resemble a coniferous Lombardy poplar.
ha: branches are shorter and very erect.
or: Seneclauze Nur., France before 1868

Larix decidua 'Glauca'

lc: new growth more glaucous, blue-green becoming gray-green

Larix decidua 'Gossard Broom'

ns: a listed name for a witches broom clone.

Larix decidua 'Cyclone Ridge'

ns: a listed name for a witches broom clone.

Larix decidua 'Hommel Broom'

ns: a listed name for a witches broom clone.

Larix decidua 'Horstmann Recured'

ht: 1m tall
ha: semi-weeping, diffuse, contorted
lc: light green
or: Horstmann

Larix decidua 'Hubbard No. 1'

ns: a listed name for a witches broom clone.

Larix decidua 'Hubbard No. 2'

ns: a listed name for a witches broom clone.

Larix decidua 'Kellermannii'

ha: dwarf, irregular, branchlets shorter and thicker, needles more densely borne.
or: Europe c. 1852

Larix decidua 'Lanarck'

ha: dwarf, globose, lower, sometimes spreading
lc: green
or: Randy Dyskra found
ns: a clone of L. sibirica has the same cultivar name (see below)
so:
Stanley & Sons Nursery (online catalog 2002)

Larix decidua 'Lanark No. 2'

ns: a listed name for a witches broom clone.

Larix decidua 'Lanarck Prostrate'

ns: a listed name from the US

Larix decidua 'Laxa'

ha: vigorous, horizontal to semi-pendulous, less dense, very lax overall
lc: dark green or dark blue-green

Larix decidua 'Linwood No. 1'

ns: a listed name for a witches broom clone.

Larix decidua 'Little Bogle'

ha: dwarf, irregularly weeping
lc: blue-green
afc: yellow
so:
Roslyn Nursery

Larix decidua 'Lombarts'

ha: slightly arching
ll: to 4cm long (near apices)
lw: narrower than species typical (near branchlet bases)
lt: thinner than species typical
lc: blue-green, slightly more glaucous
or: Pierre Lombarts Nursery, Zundert, Netherlands from seed 1929.
inL Lombarts Nursery 1935

Larix decidua 'Multicaulis'

ha: conical, narrower, dense, branches erect
or: Schroder, Moscau before 1894

Larix decidua 'Oberforster Karsten'

ns: a listed name from Germany.

Larix decidua 'Paula'

lc: distinctly glaucous blue
ls: needles are notably 'ascending'
ll: 1.5-2.0 in.
or: found in Hamden CT in 1962
in: by Vincent Bonaminio then of Dept. Hort. Sci. at NC State Univ. and
in: Dr. Edwin D. Carpenter of Univ. of CT Storrs but apparently not
in: in the nursery trade
li: Hebb, R. 1972. Plant registrations. Arnoldia 32: 279.

Larix decidua Pendula Group

ha: weeping, usually tall, upright, and irregular. Branches often arch sharply and
ha: from multiple leaders.
or, ns: the cultivar group is appropriate as the trade holds various clones of different
or, ns: origins and shapes. They have come from both the wild and garden origin.
or, ns: Krussman reports it has been found int eh wild since 1836

Larix decidua 'Pendulina'

ha: broadly upright, having multiple trunks from the base
or: Lengingrad Bot. Garden from a very large, old plant

Larix decidua 'Puli' ('Pullii', 'Poulii')

ha: weeping
ns: there are several spellings. Anything in Latin form is invalid. 'Puli' seems most common and
ns: would be allowed if a complete proper name.

Larix decidua 'Pyramidalis'

ha: narrowly pyramidal, densely branched
or: Ellwanger & Barry Nursery, Rochester NY before 1932
ns: Krussman says it may be 'Fastigiata'. It is likely similar to literatures suggests one
ns: is of European origin and this one from North America.

Larix decidua 'Repens'

ha: lower limbs often extended, spreading on the ground. It is not entirely repandent.
or: Hort. Society Garden, Longdon c. 1825

Larix decidua 'Route Seven'

ns: a listed name for a witches broom clone.

Larix decidua f. rubra (West.) Henk. & Hochst.

frc, fc: flowers and cones red or reddish

Larix gmelinii 'Rumberg Park'

ha: dwarf, forming a flat bun-shaped plant
lc: very bright green
source, photo:
Aesthetic Gardens

Larix decidua 'Saybrook Sleeper' ('Saybrook No. 2)

ns: a listed name for a witches broom clone.

Larix decidua 'Steuben'

so: Stanley & Sons Nursery (online catalog 2002), without description

Larix decidua 'Tortuosa'

ha: branches somewhat contorted, twisted.

Larix decidua 'Viminalis'

ha: most branchlets perpendicularly weeping, elongated
or: Dr. J. Valchkenier Suringar, De Dorskamp Estate, Wageningen, Netherlands c. 1925
or: A similar mutation has been found in W. Germany and another in Switzerland.

Larix decidua 'Virgata'

ha: branchles elongated, less branched, snake-like, somewhat twisted
or: denOuden & Boom report two separate origins. It is likely the same mutation.

Larix decidua 'Whorled Peace'

so: Stanley & Sons Nursery (online catalog 2002), without description

Larix x eurolepis = Larix x henryana

 

Larix gmelinii 'Tharandt'

ns: a listed name from Europe.

Larix x henryana (Larix x eurolepis)

ns: this correct name should be used in collections and catalogs. The
ns: case made by Nelson is most convincing and well studied.
li: Nelson, E.C. 1980. What is the correct name for the Dunkeld larch
li: (Larix decidua x L. leptolepis). Irish For. 37(2): 112-118.

Larix x henryana 'Blue Weeping'

ha: weeping
lc: blue-green

Larix x henryana 'Gail'

ll: miniature, dwarf, globose, 1 inch growth a year
lc: green
ll: much shorter than hybrid species typical
ns: a plant of this name is referred to L. x marschlinsii and is probably the same clone.
so:
Stanley & Sons Nursery (online catalog 2002)

Larix x henryana 'Varied Directions'

click image to enlarge
Dawes Arboretum. August 2003.

ha: limbs horizontal, erect, and drooping in no particular form. Some
ha: shoots slightly contorted. Uusually grafted on an understock for
ha: effect. Overall it seems to be a thick-branched, irregular weeper or mound with
ha: some very independant limbs.
source:
Stanley and Sons

Larix kaempferi 'Aureavariegata'

lc: irregularly mottled yellow, quite unevenly and not so showy.
or: B.W. Dirken Nursery, Oudenbosch, Netherlands before 1899
so: denOuden & Boom report it was no longer cultivated in 1965.

Larix kaempferi 'Bambino'

ns: a listed name from Europe, presumbly for a dwarf clone.

Larix kaempferi 'Bingman'

ns: a listed name from Europe.

Larix kaempferi 'Blue Haze'

lc: distinctly blue to blue-green
or: Hillier & Son Nurseries, England

Larix kaempferi 'Blue Rabbit'

ha: upright, columnar to conical
lc: more glaucous, a bluer-green or rich blue
or: Konijn Nurseries, Boskoop,Holland c. 1960
source:
Stanley and Sons

Larix kaempferi 'Blue Rabbit Weeping'

ha: weeping, dense, with occasional tips upcurving and sticking out
lc: blue-green much like 'Blue Rabbit'

Larix kaempferi 'Cruwys Morchard'

ha: dwarf, columnar, branches very erect
ll: 20mm
lc: blue-green
or: Gordon Haddow, Kenwitch Nurseires, England as witches broom found near Tiverton
or: Devon, England.

Larix kaempferi 'Cupido'

ha: compact, saucer-shaped
lc: blue-green

Larix kaempferi 'Dervaes' ('Pendula Dervaes')

ha: main limbs horizontal, tips and laters distinctly weeping, forming broad mounds
lc: bright "fresh green"
or: C. deConinck-Dervaes Nursery, Maldeghem, Belgium 1946

Larix kaempferi 'Diane' ('Diana')

click image to enlarge
Dawes Arboretum. August 2003. A curious and contorted beauty that gets better with age.

ha: very contorted, only slightly slower than species typical. Pretzel-like in some gardens.
gr: 6-12 in. per year
lc: rich intense green
ls: needles also sometimes twisted
st: pinkish, showy
afc: golden orange shades
lu: excellent in the winter garden for its unusual form
or: J. Bohlje, Westerstede as found tree
ns: Humphrey Welch says the originator named it from the Freek goddess of hunting
ns: thus the popular name of 'Diana' is not strictly correct.
source:
Stanley and Sons
source:
Collector's Nursery

Larix kaempferi ' Fritsche'

ha: dwarf
or: Czech. Republic as witches broom
so:
Stanley & Sons Nursery (online catalog 2002)

Larix kaempferi 'Ganghoferi'

ha: conical to pyramidal, compact, dense, branchets very erect, often irregular
or: Forestry Garden, Diedorf, Germany before 1903

Larix kaempferi 'Gray Pearl'

ns: a listed name from Europe, presumably with greyish foliage

Larix kaempferi 'Havebeck'

ha: dwarf, globose
lc: blue-green
or: Horstmann 1983 as witches broom
so:
Stanley & Sons Nursery (online catalog 2002)

Larix kaempferi 'Herynek'

ha: dwarf, flat bun-shaped, 4 inches growth a year
or: witches broom
so:
Stanley & Sons Nursery (online catalog 2002)

Larix kaempferi 'Hobbit'

ns: a listed name from Europe, presumably for a dwarf clone.

Larix kaempferi 'Inversa'

ha: branches hanging down along the trunk, an extreme or inverted type weeper
ll: 40-45mm - species typical is 20-35mm - this is longer
lw: 1.5mm
la: more long pointed
or: Lombarts Nursery, Netherlands 1920
in: Lombarts Nursery 1932

Larix kaempferi 'Jacobsen's Pyramid'

ha: pyramidal, vigorous, contorted branches
or: G.D. Bohlje, Oldenberg, Germany 1974
so:
Stanley & Sons Nursery (online catalog 2002)

Larix kaempferi 'Kenwith'

ha: dwarf, globose, dense, branchlets distinctly erect with tips uniformly erect.
buds: dark brown, globose, often clustered with leaves at the apices.
ll: 10mm - shorter
or: Kenwith Nursery, England

Larix kaempferi 'Little Blue Star'

ha: dwarf, blue

Larix kaempferi 'Lombarts'

ha: branches spreading, branches horizontal to drooping
ll: 25mm
or: Lombarts Nursery, Netherlands 1920
in: Lombarts Nursery 1955
id: Krussman considers it a synonym of 'Inversa' which is from the same nursery. However
id: denOuden and Boom report the needle lengths are different.

Larix kaempferi 'Minor' ('Dumosa')

ha: globose, compact, branches erect
st: often showy bright red
lc: grey-green
or: Europe before 1862. Welch stattes this name may have been used for various
or: dwarf seedlings over the years.

Larix kaempferi 'Nana' provisional name

ha: dense, globose, dwarf, 5cm a year growth rate
ll: 8-10mm - shorter
or: Wildenloh National Forest, Germany as witches broom 1976 found by H. Neumann
in: Jeddeloh Nursery, Germany
ns: this obviously requires a new name giving the post-1959 origin. Welch reports the
ns: validly to be "uncertain" but like us cannot find any published descriptions before
ns: the 1970's.

Larix kaempferi 'Obi Wan' (10/02)

ha: vigorous, upright, weeping lateral limbs
so, or:
Arrowhead Alpines (online catalog 2002), own introduction

Larix kaempferi 'Pendula'

click image to enlarge
Dawes Arboretum. August 2003.

ha: weeping
lc: blue-green, more glaucous than some selections. Usually the new growth is bluish but it becomes greener quickly.
or: Hesse Nurseries, Weener, German before 1896

Larix kaempferi 'Pesek'

ha: dwarf
or: Czech Republic as witches broom
so:
Stanley & Sons Nursery (online catalog 2002)

Larix kaempferi 'Prostrata'

ha: dwarf, prostrate, spreading on the ground
or: Kneiff Estate, Nordhausen, Germany found among seedlings before 1909

Larix kaempferi 'Pyramidalis Argentea'

ha: pyramidal, branches curving upward more than nornal
lc: silvery-blue, much more glaucous
or: Ujardowski Parkat, Warsaw, Poland from a notable tree there before 1952.

Larix kaempferi 'Soudana'

or: Czech Republic as witches broom
so:
Stanley & Sons Nursery (online catalog 2002)

Larix kaempferi 'Stiff Weeping'

ht: 1m
ha: weeping, quite rigidly so compared to other clones
lc: blue-green

Larix kaempferi 'Swallow Flats'

ns: a listed name from Europe.

Larix kaempferi 'Tucek'

ha: low mound, 4 inches growth a year
lc: light green
ll: 0.5 in. - shorter
so:
Stanley & Sons Nursery (online catalog 2002)

Larix kaempferi 'Vaerkou'

so: Stanley & Sons Nursery (online catalog 2002), without description

Larix kaempferi 'Varley'

ha: dwarf, about half the rate of 'Nana' in the UK trade.
ll: longer than 'Nana'
or: M.J. Varley from witches broom before 1979
in: Wandyke Nursery, England

Larix kaempferi 'Wehlen'

ha: dwarf, spreading, irregular, dense, similar to 'Wolterdingen' overall
or: G. Horstmann found witches broom 1972

Larix kaempferi 'Whelen' = 'Wehlen'?

so: Stanley & Sons Nursery (online catalog 2002), without description

Larix kaempferi 'Wolderdingen'

ht: 50cm tall x 70cm wide (10 years)
ha: dwarf, irregular, wider than tall
buds: distinctly conical (terminal) and globose (lateral)
lc: blue-green
lt: slightly twisted
ll: 35mm
afc: butter yellow
or: G. Horstmann, Germany found c. 1970
source, photo:
Collector's Nursery

Larix kaempferi 'Yanus Olieslagers'

ns: a listed name from Europe.

Larix laricina 'Arethusa Bog'

ha: dwarf, bun-shaped
lc: sea green, a bright shade

Larix laricina 'Aurea'

lc: yellow new growth, later light green.
or: Seneclauze Nursery, France 1866 as seedling
so: denOuden & Boom report in 1965 that is was no longer cultivated.

Larix laricina 'Bear Swamp'

ns: a listed name from Europe.

Larix laricina 'Blue Sparkler'

ht: 3m tall x 1m wide - young plants reach 5 feet quickly
ha: dense, low growing at first, semi-dwarf, pyramidal with age,
lc: blue green
or: Sidney Waxman of Univ. CT
so:
Roslyn Nursery

Larix laricina 'Craftbury Flats'

ha: dwarf, globose
lc: green
so:
Stanley & Sons Nursery (online catalog 2002)

Larix laricina 'Edelweiss'

or: Joe Braeu, Diluth, MN USA as witches broom
so:
Stanley & Sons Nursery (online catalog 2002)

Larix laricina 'Girard's Dwarf' ('Girard's Nana')

ha: compact, dwarf
or: Girard Nurseries OH USA, usually listed under the invalid Latin name.

Larix laricina 'Glauca'

lc: steel blue, more glaucous
or: Stockholm Bot. Gard. before 1907

Larix laricina 'Hartwig Pine'

ns: a listed name from Europe.

Larix laricina 'Little Blue Ball'

ht: 1.2m
ha: compact, globose
lc: blue

Larix laricina f. lutea Jaures & deFerre

fc: flowers yellow
or: found near Clearwater Co. MN USA

Larix laricina 'Newport #7'

ns: provisional testing name
or: seedling of witches broom
lc: blue
ha: globose and smaller than 'Newport #9'
or: Sidney Waxman, Univ. Connecticut as witches broom
li: Iseli Nursery wholesale catalog 1988: 22
source:
Stanley and Sons

Larix laricina 'Newport #9'

or: witches broom seedling from Dr. Sidney Waxman of the Univ. of CT

Larix laricina 'Newport Beauty'

ns: probably the same as one of the forenamed clones
ha: dwarf and globose, mounded with age
ht: 2-3 ft.
lc: powder blue
afc: tan
lu: small enough for rock gardens
source:
Stanley and Sons

Larix laricina f. parvistrobus (Jaures & deFerre) denOuden & Boom

ll: 1-2mm long per denOuden & Boom (this seems quite impossible and may be a typo)
frd: cones to 9mm long and 8mm wide- smaller
frc: blackish at maturity
frt: 12-13 cones scales - f. decidua (typical) has 15-20 scales
or: known from Crawford County PA USA

Larix laricina 'Prospect Harbor'

ha: irregular pyramidal
lc: blue green to aqua
ns: strain of witches broom seedlings - 'no two are alike'
so: Twombly Nur. 203-261-2133

Larix laricina 'Stubby'

ha: dense, witches broom product
ht: 2 ft. x 2 ft. in many years
lc: blue-green
afc: tan
or: Richard Jaynes found as witches broom along Mass. Turnpike
so:
Roslyn Nursery
source:
Collector's Nursery

Larix leptolepis = K. kaempferi

 

Larix x marschlinsii (L. kaempferi x L. sibirica)

 

Larix x marschlinsii 'Domino'

ns: a listed name from Europe.

Larix x marschlinsii 'Gail'

ha: miniature, dwarf, globose, 1 inch growth per year
ll: smaller than hybrid species typical

Larix x marschlinsii 'Julie'

ns: a listed name from Europe.

Larix occidentalis 'Bollinger'

ha: semi-dwarf, 4 in. growth a year
or: Jerry Morris as witches broom
so:
Stanley & Sons Nursery (online catalog 2002)

Larix occidentalis 'Four Shot'

ha: dwarf, shorter internodes
or: Jerry Morris as witches broom
ns: it is named because it took 4 shotgun blasts to get it down!
so:
Stanley & Sons Nursery (online catalog 2002)

Larix x pendula (L. decidua x L. laricina) 'Contorta'

ha: both young and older branches contorted, twisted
or: Kornickie Arboretum, Poland 1931

Larix x pendula 'Pendula'

ha: more pendulous than parent L. decidua but sometimes only in the main branches.
ha: other plants are reported to be umbrella-shaped and more weeping, branches
ha: often twisted. We are reserving this name for the distinctly pendulous clone.
st: new stems pinkish - unlike parent L. decidua
ns: this is the typical clone or form of it in gardens

Larix x pendula 'Repens'

ha: horizontal to low-spreading
or: England before 1948, perhaps from a notable plant in Henham, Cambridge.

Larix russica 'Rasputin' (2/01)

ht: 75 ft. (species)
lc: purple new growth becoming green with maturity
or: Collectors Nursery before 2001
source:
Collector's Nursery

Larix sibirica 'Fastigiata'

ha: columnar to fastigiate

Larix sibirica 'Glauca'

lc: blue-green, more glaucous

Larix sibirica 'Lanarck'

ha: globose
ht: 4 ft. tall in 10 years
gr: 6 in. per year
lc: green
id: if this is not the same as L. decidua 'Lanarck' one of them must be renamed
source, photo:
Aesthetic Gardens (online catalog 2002)

Larix sibirica f. longifolia Schelle

ll: longer than species typical which is about 20-35mm

Larix sibirica 'Pendula'

ha: weeping

Larix sibirica f. robusta Schelle

ha: more robust, that is vigorous and strong

Larix sibirica f. tittelbachii Schroeder ex Schelle

frc: cones white when immature - as opposed to the typical light green or reddish-green