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LOROPETALUM
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Copyright 2002-2004. Laurence C. Hatch. All Rights Reserved.
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Loropetalum chinense var. chinense, the basic white-flowered variety ("typical species") of gardens.

Click both imagers  to enlarge.

The plant on the left is a very floriferous, mature tree-form speciman at the Raulston Arboretum, showing good exfoliating bark and more flowers than imaginable. It exceeds 8 feet tall in 2003.

LCH

Cultivars are listed in alphabetical order regardless of the botanical variety


Loropetalum - General Papers
li: Dirr, M.A. Y.Q. Huo, and S.A. Hartzler. 1995. A synopsis of pink",
li: ___flowered Loropetalums. Nur. Manage. Prod. 11: 30-31.",
li: Gawal, N.J., G.R. Johnson, and R. Sauve. 1996. Identification of",
li: ___genetic diversity among Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum intro-",
li: ___ductions. J. Environ. Hort. 14(1): 38-41. (excellent comparison",
li: ___of the newer red and pink flowered clones)."

Loropetalum chinense var. chinense
ns: the typical subspecies found in cultivation
fc: creamy white

Loropetalum chinense f. prostratum
ns: mentioned as a prostrate form and a parent of 'Snowmound'

var. rubrum - click image to enlarge

var. rubrum - click image to enlarge

Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum
fc: red to purple - J.C. Raulston describes as 'stunning purple'
lc: purplish - Raulston reports another clone has green foliage.
in: J.C. Raulston reports that its first trip to the West occured
in: when Dr. James Waddick brought it from China in fall 1989.
in: In these ten intervening years (1999) it has made it all the way to
in: Home Depot and WalMart - and sometimes in more than one clone!
li: Raulston, J.C. 1991. Plants displayed to NCAN Nurserymen. NC State
li: Univ. Arb. News. August 1991: 26.

Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum 'Bicolor' (6/01)
ha: upright, vigorous, full-sized
lc: dark bronze-red becomes dark olive green
fc: white striped pink
li: Dirr, M.A. 2002. Trees and shrubs for warmer climates. Timber Press. p. 210

Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum 'Bill Wallace' (11/4)
ht: 23cm tall x 63cm in original trials
ha: procumbent to low-spreading, dense, shorter internodes than 'Burgundy'
fc: rich pink
lc: dark reddish-green
ll, lw: smaller than 'Burgundy' - 2.8cm long x 1.5cm wide
or: Thomas Dodd Jr., Semmes AL USA as sport of 'Burgundy' 1996
pat: US#15277 on 10/26/04 to originator

Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum 'Blush'
ha: spreading shrub
fc: 'hot rosy pink'
lc: new growth tinted purple
or: Nohon Kaki Nur. of Japan
in: John Creech and Sylvester March of US Nat. Arb to USA about 1989.
ns: this is a very misleading cultivar name since it not a blush pink. It is about as dark
ns: pink ever gets!
so:
Roslyn Nursery

click image to enlarge

Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum 'Burgundy'
ht: 5 ft. in several years
ha: low becoming upright, arching in time
fc: bright pink similar to 'Blush'
lc: burgundy red all summer - not turning green like 'Blush' and
lc: and most var. rubrum seedlings.
afc: orange-red, semi-showy perhaps
ns: some experts consider it identical to or similar to 'Sizzlin Pink'
so:
Roslyn Nursery

click image to enlarge
Raulston Arboretum. Spring 2002. This is the only place we have seen a plant labeled as 'Compactum'. Origin is still unclear.

Loropetalum chinense var. chinense [compact clone] ('Compactum' illegitimate)
ha: smaller than species typical or var chinense. It is not dwarf.
lc: green
fc: creamy-white (as var. chinense)
ns: the Latinized name 'Compacta' was not published before 1959 and must be rejected. There are
ns: perhaps better white-flowered clones so we see no need at present to coin a name.

Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum 'Daybreak's Flame'
fc: brighter than typical var. rubrum
lc: bright red new growth becoming green - contrasts with flower color
or: Piroche Plants of BC
reg: COPF c. 1996
id: not entirely distinct from 'Blush' and RAZZLEBERRI

Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum FIRE DANCE™
ht: 6 ft.
ha: globose to vase-shaped
fc: 'fuchsia' or dark pink.
fq: very abundant
lc: greenish-red with new growth the most red
or: Piroche Plant Inc. and thought to be from Nanjing Bot. Garden and
or: also Jian Gsu Pipa Horticultural Co. of China.
li: Anon. 1995. New Plants. COPF News 6(4): 3

Loropetalum chinense var. chinense 'Hillieri'
ha: more compact than typical clone which can be vigorous
or: Hillier Nursery of the UK
so: Louisiana Nursery 318-948-3696

Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum 'Hindwarf' (9/02)
ht: 2 ft. tall x 3-6 ft. wide
ht: prostrate, compact
fc: pink (RHS 55B, 51A, 53C, 52A, 53C)
lc: greyish-purple new growth (RHS 187A) becoming yellowish-green (RHS 147A)
or, pat: US# 12203 to Sato Noburu, Japan on 11/13/2001
in: Hines Nurseries to US trade

Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum 'Hines Burgundy' = 'Hines Purpleleaf'

Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum 'Hines Purpleleaf' PLUM DELIGHT™
ha: more compact than 'Zhuzhou Fuchsia', 'Burgundy' and 'Blush'
lc: burgundy purple most of the summer
fc: pink
id: Hines Nur. also sells other purple-leaved clones so this name does not
id: apply to every clone they have marketed.
or: Hines Nur. (US) from plants known from Shun So En Nur. of Japan.
tm: it sold as trademarked name 'Plum Delight'

Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum 'Ming Dynasty' (7/3)
ns: a listed name c. 2002 for pennardplants.com. It is not on their website 2003 as is 'Tang Dynasty'.

Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum 'Mosaic' (4/03)
lc: sectored yellow up to 50% of surface
pat: US# 13693 on 4/1/03 to originator
or: Noboru Sato, Japan as sport of var. rubrum type
in: Hines Nurseries USA after 2000

click image to enlarge
Raulston Arboretum. Summer 2003. Note the very long, elegant leaf blades which differ from the broadly ovate to suborbicular blades of
most var. rubrum cultivars. These elliptic blades are colorful and much more appealing. They are also semi-glossy. The mounded and
slightly cascading form of this cultivar makes it stand out in a now very crowded field. Compare this leaf shape to 'Ruby' in the shot below.

Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum 'Pipa's Red'
ha: upright limbs form neat mound over time
lc: 'reddish gold in the spring' becoming green. Brighter color than
lc: 'Fire Dance'
lw: narrow and appearing longer than typical var. rubrum cultivars
la: more sharply acute
fc: bright hot pink
ft: often reblooms according to Greer Gardens
ht: 4-6 ft.
or: Piroches Plants Inc. of BC
reg: COPF c. 1996
li: Greer Gardens Spring 1996 catalog: 34

Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum 'Piroche' (6/01)
ns: a listed name. Could well be 'Pipa's Red' promoted by the Piroche firm.

Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum PIZZAZZ™ = 'Hines Purpleleaf'
ns: while sold separately there is no taxonomic or other evidence to separate them.

Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum PLUM DELIGHT™ see 'Hines Purpleleaf'

Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum 'Purple Majesty' (7/02)
ht: 6-8 ft. tall
fc: dark burgundy-red becomes purplish-green
id: similar to HINE'S PURPLELEAF overall but apparently without the protection

Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum 'Raspberry Fringe' (7/02)
ht: 4-6 ft. tall x 4-6 ft. wide
fc: raspberry red
lc: new growth bronze-red becomes olive green
id: similar to 'Blush' overall

Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum RAZZLEBERRI™ 'Monraz'
ht: 1.2-2.0 ft. tall x 2 ft wide
fc: rose-red to dark pink
bt: blooming may repeat unlike some older cvs.
lc: new growth bronze tinted becoming mostly olive green.
id: Gawel (see General Papers) reports it appears to be a clone similar
id: to 'Blush' but is distinct according to their analysis.
in: Monrovia Nur. from Watanabe Nur. of Japan

click image to enlarge
Sarah Duke Gardens, Duke University, Durham NC. Spring 2003. For a few weeks this perfect balance of bright red new growth and very
rich green older foliage is quite impressive. Later and earlier in the year I have been less impressed. But this particular look is better than
ordinary cultivars. I'd be inclined to shear it some to encourage plenty of this red-green contrast the next year or two. LCH.

Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum 'Ruby' (6/01)
ht: 4-6 ft. tall x 4-6 ft. wide
ha: more compact, globose
lc: new growth ruby red, showy
la: blade more rounded or obtuse than species typical

Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum 'Sizzlin' Pink'
ht: 4-6 ft. tall x slightly wider
ha: spreading
fc: bright magenta or hot pink
lc: reddish-purple
id: may be regarded as nearly identical to 'Burgundy' as it comes from
id: the same Japanese nursery and is morphologically similar. For
id: commercial reasons we currently are not considering them as
id: synonyms although at some point that decision may become positive.
or: Nikon Kaki Nur. of Japan
in: Microplant Nur. into USA about 1991.

Loropetalum chinense var. chinense SNOW DANCE™
ht: 6-8 ft. tall x wider
ha: mounded, quite compact, but never shorter
fc: creamy white - apparently typical
fq: more abundant than typical, often covering the base of every shoot all along its length.
lc: yellowish green
ll: smaller than many species variants
or: Piroche Plants Inc. of BC but originally from Nanjing Bot. Gard. of
or: China.
in: 1987 to N. America by Piroche Plants Inc. of BC
li: Anonymous. 1995. New Plants. COPF News 6(4): 3

Loropetalum chinense var. chinense 'Snow Muffin' (7/02)
ht: 24 in. tall x 4-5 ft. wide (estimate)
ha: lower, spreading
lc: darker green and more glossy than many selections
or: Head-Lee Nursery SC USA c. 2001
id: it sounds much like 'Snowmound' from the same glowers.
li: Dirr, M.A. 2002. Trees and shrubs for warmer climates. Timber Press. p. 209

Loropetalum chinense var. chinense 'Snowmound' (6/01)
ha: compact, procumbent becoming a dense mound.
fc: white
fq: more floriferous
lc: dark green
ls: ovate to obovate, revolute, and rugulose - said to be distinct.
stipules: reddish
ft: described as "self cleaning", not leaving a brown mess as can the species
or: Robert H. Head of Seneca SC USA breeding with f. prostratum before 2001.
pat: US# 11766 2/6/01 to originator.
web:
uspto.gov

Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum 'Suzanne' (7/02)
ha: compact
fc: rich pink
lc: new growth reddish-purple
or: sport of 'Variegata'
ls: more obtuse than species typical
li: Dirr, M.A. 2002. Trees and shrubs for warmer climates. Timber Press. p. 210

Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum 'Tang Dynasty' (7/3)
ha: compact, tier-like branching
lc: purplish-red new growth becomes medium green
fc: bright pink
so: pennardplants.com (online website 2003)

Loropetalum chinense var. rubrum 'Zhuzhou Fuchsia'
ht: upright, full-sized unlike many other selections. Plants to 10 ft. are known.
ha: upright
lc: burgundy red becoming purple. Blackish-maroon under some light conditions.
fc: deep rose-pink
ch: the most cold hardy purple-leaf clone according to Dirr
lu: it has been sold in espaliered and pole-trained forms, being a full-sized cv.

Loropetalum chinense var. chinensis 'Variegated' (6/01)
ns: a listed name since 1990's. 'Mosiac' is a newer named variegate.