Make your own free website on
Copyright 2001-2004. Laurence C. Hatch. All Rights Reserved.
Lawful for online access only by current society members.
All downloading, printing, saving to media, imaging, screen capture, or offline use is prohibited.
Duplication by any means, method, or technology is unlawful.
Do not link to this page.


Photinia amphidoxa (12/4)
click both image
JC Raulston Arboretum. December 12, 2004. From this date you tell this very rare species is "tardily deciduous". The combination of bright green leaves and turning ones of wonderful marmelade
color was remarkable at the base. The upper portion of the tree was more uniformly colored and really lit up the Asian species collection in Raulston's fine garden. This is one of dozens of
exotic Asian plants JCR raised that have merit in the warmer US states yet are virtually unknown to even top experts and collectors.


Photinia BRANPARAPBR (9/3

ns: a listed name in the RHS PLANT FINDER 2003

Photinia 'Carolyn'

lc: red new growth
ls: "big leafed Chinese type"
or: Dr. Jerry Parsons as seedling. Named for his wife before 1999.

Photinia davidiana var. undulata 'Fructu Luteo'

frc: yellow - not the usual red

Photinia davidiana 'Palette'

ht: 3m - shorter than species typical
ha: upright, dense
st: twigs brownish-red
lc: new growth bronze-red, mottled and sectored pinkish, later light green mottled and sectored cream to white, chimera 25-50%. It is bright but not appealing to everyone.
in, or: A.A.M. Vissenberg, Zundert, Netherlands, introduced 1980

Photinia davidiana var. undulata 'Prostrata'

click image to enlarge
Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden, Richmond, Virginia. A rather uncommon shrub that resembles a spreading Pyracantha in bloom. It is a durable bank plant with lots of showy red

ht: 8-14 in.
ha: spreading, trailing

Photinia x fraseri 'Birmingham'

ht: 15-20 ft. over time
lc: new growth bright red.
ns: this clone is the typical "red tip" or "red top" of most US nurseries. It is the oldest and best known clone in North America.
or: Oliver Fraser, Fraser Nur. of Birmingham AL USA c. 1940 found among P. serrulata seedlings. It proved later to be a cross to P. glabra.
in: Fraser Nur. c. 1955, also by Tom Dodd Nursery, Semmes AL that same year.
dr: gets very severe leaf spot and defoliation in many southern US states.
li: Baileya 9: 101-103 (1961)

Photinia x fraseri 'Camilvy'

wholesale source: Esveld

Photinia x fraseri 'Colango' (8/02)

ha: dense, compact
lc: glossy dark red new growth becomes dark green. Red new growth lasts longer than 'Birmingham'
lm: sharply serrate
lu: heat tolerant
or, pat: US #11510 to Agnes Hubbard and James Spivey 2000 as self-pollinated 'Birmingham'

Photinia x fraseri 'Colmont' (8/02)

ha: more upright and dense than either 'Birmingham' or 'Red Robin'
lc: darker red new growth than 'Birmingham' (RHS 183A - 200C, 187A)
or, pat: US #11491 in August 2002 to James Spivey

Photinia x fraseri 'Colwillow' (8/02)

ha: more compact than most cultivars, spreading outward
ll, lw, ls: blades linear, 1.6cm wide x 7.5cm long, far narrower than other cultivars.
pat: US # 12187 11/6/01 to James Spivey, Devine TX as hybrid out of 10,000 seedlings 1994

Photinia x fraseri 'Deep Purple' = 'Fantasy'


Photinia x fraseri 'Fantasy' ('Deep Purple')

lc: new growth deep reddish-purple
ll: larger than 'Red Robin'
or: sport of 'Red Robin' found by Peter Kolster, Boskoop Netherland
source, photo:
Pride of Place Plants

Photinia x fraseri 'Flamingo' (9/3)

click image to enlarge
Atlanta Botanical Gardens. Summer 2003. Sorry for the contrasty image but that 100 degree Atlanta noon sun was stronger than all the lens filters I had at hand. The plant is very
lovely in the classic tricolor style. I'm assuming it belongs to the common P. x fraseri. The new clone PINK MARBLE™ sounds similar. With about 12 million of the
hybrid growing the US alone (and that is a vast understatement), it is more than likely many variegated sports have occured over the last 6 decades that 'Birmingham'
has ruled the South. As pretty as these variegates may be, I dread the site of foliage leafspot together with these multi-colored chimeras. It would not be a pretty picture.
Let's hope one or more of them is resistant. Anyone know? LCH.

lc: margined white, new growth margined pink and red tinged.

Photinia x fraseri INDIAN PRINCESS 'Monstock'

ha: compact, dense, semi-dwarf at times, a more civilized and fine-textured version of the big bolder clones
lc: new growth copper-red - much more orange than 'Birmingham' or 'Red Robin'
ll: smaller - up to half the dimensions of 'Birmingham'
pat: US# 5237
in: Monrovia Nursery, CA USA 1985
li: Jacobsen, A.L. 1996. North Amer. Land. Trees. Tenspeed Press. p. 424

Photinia x fraseri 'Kentucky' (3/01)

dr: resistant to leaf spot but not immune. It is mildew resistant as well.
or: Dr. Michael Dirr received from "Kentucky from a gentleman"
ch: survived -17 deg. F. according to Dirr

Photinia x fraseri PINK MARBLE™ 'Cassini' (12/02)

click image
JC Raulston Arboretum. December 2004. While this shot lacks the characteristic pink new foliage, it shows off the pretty red winter buds to good effect. This is an appealing
clone every month of the year.

bud: bright red in winter, contrasting well
lc: pink margined new growth becomes irregularly white to grey margined, chimera about 10-20% of surface
or: Alpha Nursery, OR USA
in: Conard-Pyle Nurseries 2002

Photinia x fraseri 'Purple Peter'

lc: purplish-red new growth
ns: we wonder if this might be 'Fantasy' which is purple and named by Peter Kolster?
wholesale source:

Photinia x fraseri 'Red Robin'

ht: reportedly only about half the size of 'Birmingham' over the same years.
ha: more compact than 'Birmingham'
lc: bright red new growth
or: Robinson's Nursery, Masteron NZ in 1970's

Photinia x fraseri 'Robusta'

lc: new growth coppery-red, scarlet red, and salmon shades.
aw: RHS AM 1974
or: Hazlewood's Nursery, Sydney, Australia c. 1952
eval: not much seen in the US where 'Birmingham' has filled this role. Both
eval: these cultivars could be replaced by 'Red Robin' which is smaller. Jacobsen (1996)
eval: says this clone holds it new growth color for a shorter period than 'Red Robin'.

Photinia x fraseri 'Super Hedger'

ha: said to make a dense hedgfe
in: UK c. 2002. The 2003 PLANT FINDER lists it for Buckfields that year.

Photinia glabra 'Everbright' (11/02)

or: R.J. Cherry before 2002

Photinia glabra 'Parfait' ('Fuiri Kanamemochi', 'Pink Lady', 'Variegata', 'Roseomarginata', 'Rosea Marginata')

ht: 2-3m
ha: upright
ls: broadly lanceolate to elliptic and obovate
lc: new growth margined bright reddish-pink, later margined creamy white, chimera averaging about 20-30% of surface, some leaves half chimera. Proven stable over two decades.
or: Sakata Nursery, Japan before 1979
in: Saktata Nursery to Japan, Barry Yinger to US trade
ns: it was named by Barry Yinger
li: Arnoldia 43(4): 16 (1983)

Photinia glabra 'Red Devil' (11/02)

or: R.J. Cherry before 2002

Photinia glabra 'Pink Lady' = 'Parfait'


Photinia glabra 'Rubens'

ha: more compact
lc: new growth bright bronzy red
aw: RHS AGM 1972

Photinia 'Oneita'

ha: dwarf
lc: red new growth
or: Dr. Jerry Parsons as seedling before 1999. Named for his mother.

Photinia serrulata 'Aculeata' = 'Nova Lineata'


Photinia serrulata 'Chinese Toyon'

ns: this is doubtful as a cultivar registration since it represents the popular common
ns: name of a species. If it is a distinct clone it must be renamed but does not appear
ns: to be in the trade.
li: American Assoc. Nurseryman Proc. 1949: 147

Photinia serrulata 'Green Giant'

click image
JC Raulston Arboretum. Summer 2004. A rich, dark green clone better than species typical in habit and foliage color.

ha: upright, large, and vigorous, globose to subglobose, sometimes ovoid dense head. Forms a large tree as the species - a tad neater than random seedlings.
lc: dark green (superior to typical?). New growth light "apple green". New growth can be bronze to red in seedlings.
or: selected by Dr. Michael Dirr from the Univ. of GA campus.
dr: leaf spot resistant

Photinia serrulata 'Nova'

ha: slightly smaller than species typical
lc: new growth rich copper orange, brighter than species typical
frq: very floriferous and fruitful
frd: fruit clusters 10-12 in. wide - larger
dr: resistant to mildew compared to species seedlings
or: W.B. Clarke Nursery, CA USA 1926 as seedlings of Chinese imported seed
in: W.B. Clarke Nursery 1934
ns: 'Aculeata' has been considered a synonym of both 'Nova' and 'Nova Lineata'. Jacobsen has separated the names and we follow that taxonomy here.
li: Jacobsen, A.L. 1996. North Amer. Land. Trees. Tenspeed Press. p. 425.

Photinia serrulata 'Nova Lineata' ('Aculeata'?)

ha: more compact
lc: midrib and primary veins often ivory yellow, often slightly white-centered, originally described as having large zones of yellow, cream, and green.
in: W.B. Clarke Nursery, CA USA 1943, much later than true 'Nova'. Jacobsen mentions that Monrovia sold this as early as 1954
id, ns: 'Aculeata' has been considered a synonym of both 'Nova' and 'Nova Lineata'. Jacobsen has separated the names and we follow that taxonomy here. Basically, 'Nova' is
id, ns: a green-leaved, large-fruited clone while 'Nova Lineata' is a variegated clone introduced almost a decade later.
li: Jacobsen, A.L. 1996. North Amer. Land. Trees. Tenspeed Press. p. 425.

Photinia serrulata 'Nova' and 'Nova Lineata' = 'Aculeata'


Photinia serrulata 'Redtwigged' ('Redtwigged Chinese Toyon')

st: twigs red compared to species typical
ns: while the 3 word name is the official registration, inclusion of a common name
ns: of the species in a cultivar name is clearly invalid.
li: American Assoc. Nurseryman Proc. 1949: 147

Photinia villosa 'Village Shade'

click image to enlarge
JC Raulston Arboretum. Spring 2003. This is either the original of JC's trees or the oldest one still around in the formerly great "western arboretum" - now mostly parking lot and paneled rooms for garden club tea parties. (Having spent four scorching summers planting and weeding out thousands of wild onions there, the "progress" has me a tad bitter). This tree was cut down by an rare ice storm but hopefully this regrowth gives one some idea of the useful rich color and texture of the cultivar. It surely shows the will to live and recover. The mature leaves are less textured than these sprouts but still very pleasant. It is not an overwhelming plant (the white flowers clusters are smallish) but it is competant, different, and most importantly not your average red neck trash photinia. Planting it will not attract rusty Ford pickups and hunting dogs, for example. The species has fireblight problems in some areas (not all) and seedlings can naturalize; which we get up the dander of the "invasive ornamental" subset of semi-sane botanists who always like taking shots at horticulturists anyhow. I still think every arboretum and woody evaluation center (in USDA 4-8) should be giving it a local test. Many areas will find it a useful specialty and far from invasive tree. And as Dirr points out hardly anyone from Ph.D. to student can identify it! LCH.

ht: 20 ft.
ha: vase-shaped (not too atypical)
fc: white (typical)
fq: possibly more floriferous than some clones.
lc: darker green (superior to some), richly textured
ld: deciduous (as species)
lt: thicker blades
ch: 5
in: Dr. J.C. Raulston