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NOS
PINUS
DENSIFLORA
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Pinus densiflora 'Akebono'
lc: needles tipped yellow

Pinus densiflora 'Alboterminata'
lc: tipped cream to white

Pinus densiflora 'Alice Verkade'
ha: dense, globose, bun-shaped at first, later a small tree.

Pinus densiflora 'Argenteovariegata'
lc: some leaves silvery-white, others green

Pinus densiflora 'Asamensis'
ha: dwarf, oddly shaped

Pinus densiflora 'Aspera'
bk: thicker, grayish.

Pinus densiflora 'Aurea'
lc: green in summer, later yellow in winter. The original description is however that of mixed yellow and green needles

Pinus densiflora 'Aurea Feuchars'
so: Foxborough Nur. 301-836-7023

Pinus densiflora 'Aurescens'
lc: yellow with green at the base
li: Yokoi, M. and Y. Hirose. 1978. Variegated Plants. Siebundo Shinkosha Pub. Ltd.

Pinus densiflora 'Aureovariegata Pendula'
ha: weeping
lc: variegated (banded?) yellow

Pinus densiflora 'Barbata'
lt: needles irregularly twisted

Pinus densiflora f. umbraculifera 'Bokyo's Tanyosho'
ht: 20 ft.
ha: more compact f. umbraculifera type
lc: "emerlad green"
so:
Stanley and Sons (online catalog 2001)

Pinus densiflora 'Burke's Red Variegated' ('Umbraculifera Red OD Burke')
lc: as 'Oculis-draconis' but banded reddish-pink
so:
Stanley and Sons (online catalog 2001)

Pinus densiflora 'Cesarini's Variegated'
ht: 20 ft.
lc: banded yellow to white, more reliably coloring in western US states, improved over 'Oculis-draconis'
so:
Stanley and Sons (online catalog 2001)

Pinus densiflora 'Cesarini's Weeping' ('Cesarini's Pendula' invalid)
ha: highly pendulous, less brittle than 'Pendula'
so:
Stanley and Sons (online catalog 2001)

Pinus densiflora 'Edsel Wood'
ha: dense miniature mound resembling a tiny P. mugo clone
ll: very short needles
lc: dark green
or: Edsel Wood of Wilsonville OR found the seedling and presented it
or: to Don Howse of Porterhowse Farms. Wood raised it from seed of
or: 'Umbraculifera'. Howse in his 1998 catalog indicates it could well
or: be a cross to another species.
ch: 5
so:
email phfarm@aol.com (Porterhowse Farms)

'Ellwood Compact' - click image
Conifer Collection, Dawes Arboretum. Summer 2003.

Pinus densiflora 'Ellwood Compact'
ha: dwarf, subglobose, slower

Pinus densiflora 'Elmwood Compact' ('Elmwood Compacta') = 'Ellwood Compact'?
so: Foxborough Nur. 301-836-7023

Pinus densiflora 'Elmwood Dwarf'
ha: dwarf, witches broom selection

Pinus densiflora f. formosa (Miyoshi) Miyoshi ex Honda
ns: this taxa is f. umbraculifera x f. densiflora (typical form)
li: Miyoshi. 1929. J. Hered. 18(1): 37-39. (as var.)
li: Honda. 1957. Shokubutsu-bunkazai 89.
li: Kitamura, S. 1983. On Pinus densiflora f. umbraculifera. Acta Phyto-
li: tax. Geobot. 34(4-6): 142-145.

Pinus densiflora 'Glitzer's Weeping'
ha: pendulous

Pinus densiflora 'Globosa'
ht: 2-3m
ha: dwarf, subglobose, it is slower and smaller than f. umbraculifera
ll: shorter than species typical

Pinus densiflora 'Golden Ghost'
ha: ovoid-upright
lc: heavily banded cream, more so than 'Oculis-draconis' giving a ghost-like golden hue
so:
Stanley & Sons (online catalog 2003)
photo:
ACS Conifer Database 2003

Pinus densiflora f. umbraculifera 'Heavy Bud' ('Large Bud')
cvg: Tanyosho
lc: lighter green than 'Umbraculifera'
ha: semi-dwarf and globose
bud: larger and showy buds compared to 'Umbraculifera'
so: Foxborough Nur. 301-836-7023
so: Eastern Plant Specialties 207-371-2888

Pinus densiflora 'Hospitalis'
ll: much shorter, often half species' length

Pinus densiflora f. umbraculifera 'Iseli Soft Green' ('Soft Green')
cvg: Tanyosho
ha: denser and smaller version of 'Umbraculifera'
lc: paler and brighter green than 'Umbraculifera'
lt: "thin"
fst: 'resistant to cone set' - which can weaken many plants
li: Iseli Nursery wholesale catalog 1988: 34

Pinus densiflora f. umbraculifera 'Jan Kluis' ('Jan Klius')
ht: 4 ft. tall x 5 ft. wide
ha: a smaller, mounded, neater version of f. umbraculifera, useful in smaller gardens. It is shaped like some P. mugo
lc: light green
id: it may be a hybrid to P. nigra, having a stiff needle but not one so dark. Others believe it to be P. densiflora x P. thunbergii

Pinus densiflora 'Jim Cross'
ns: a listed name, apparently from Jim Cross, the famous conifer grower from Environmentals Nursery, Long Island NY USA

Pinus densiflora 'Jim Cross I-68'
ns: a listed name, apparently from Jim Cross, the famous conifer grower from Environmentals Nursery, Long Island NY USA

Pinus densiflora 'Koyomatsu'
lc: white bands are tinged pink in sun
li: Yokoi, M. and Y. Hirose. 1978. Variegated Plants. Siebundo Shinkosha Pub. Ltd.

f. umbraculifera 'Little Christopher' - click image
Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden, Richmond VA USA. October 2003. One of the better dwarf tanyosho type pine clones.


Pinus densiflora f. umbraculifera 'Little Christopher' ('Rezek's Witches Broom')
ha: smaller more symmetrical and globose verison of 'Umbraculifera'
lc: bright green
lt: 'slender'
or: Ed Rezek at witches broom
so: Iseli Nursery (wholesale) 1-800-777-6202
li: Iseli Nursery Catalog 1992: 23

Pinus densiflora 'Longiramea'
ha: erect, branches elondated and sparse

'Low Glow' - click image
Conifer Collection, Dawes Arboretum. Summer 2003. Compare the larger, coarser brushes of foliage with that of 'Vibrant'  below.

Pinus densiflora 'Low Glow'
ht: 4 ft. (10 years)
ha: erect, upright-spreading, semi-dwarf
ll: scarcely reduced in size, much larger than 'Vibrabt' and many other dwarf cultivars
lc: bright light green
so:
Stanley and Sons (online catalog 2001)

Pinus densiflora 'Mollis'
ll, lw: longer than species typical and narrower
lc: greyish-green

Pinus densiflora 'Monophylla'
lt: often 1 needle per fascicle rather than the usual two.

Pinus densiflora 'Morris Arboretum Witchesbroom'
ns: a listed name.

Pinus densiflora 'Octo-partita'
bud: often with 8 buds per shoots, more than typical

'Oculis-draconis' - click image
Conifer Collection, Dawes Arboretum. Summer 2003. One of two very wonderful mature trees at the Dawes garden. They are easily seen from the roadway and with
a backdrop of large weeping white pines and many other rare conifers, these are a heavenly sight! Note the single trunk in contrast with f. umbraculifera.

Pinus densiflora 'Oculis-draconis'
lc: needles with two or more yellow bands. When viewed from the top of the shoot it appears as if there is a
lc: golden eye. The name means "dragon's eye" for this magical effect.

Pinus densiflora 'Oculis-draconis Red OD Burke' = 'Burke's Red Variegated'

'Pendula' - click image

Pinus densiflora 'Pendula'
ha: weeping or spreading if grafted low.
eval: In time it forms a lovely mound of fine-textured lime green blades that is useful against rocks or other objects. It
eval: is a stunning plant for trailing over walls and rock formations.

Pinus densiflora 'Pendula Oculis-draconis'
ha: weeping
lc: as 'Oculis-draconis'
ns: probably requires a new vernacular name.
li: Yokoi, M. and Y. Hirose. 1978. Variegated Plants. Siebundo Shinkosha Pub. Ltd.

Pinus densiflora 'Prolifera'
frq: cones numerous and densely packed

Pinus densiflora 'Prostrata'
ns: a listed name and not published before 1959 to our knowledge. It is very likely to be a name
ns: for 'Pendula' which is prostrate if grafted low.

Pinus densiflora 'Pumila'
ht: 4m tall x 4m wide in many years
ha; dwarf
lc: bright green

Pinus densiflora f. umbraculifera 'Pygmy'
ha:upright, globose, very dwarf
so:
Stanley and Sons (online catalog 2001)

'Rata' - click image
Conifer Collection, Dawes Arboretum. Summer 2003.

Pinus densiflora 'Rata'
ha: dwarf and flat-topped
ll: shorter than typical
so: Coenosium Gardens 503-266-5471

Pinus densiflora 'Recurva'
lt: leaves recurved.

Pinus densiflora 'Rezek's Witches Broom' = 'Little Christopher'

Pinus densiflora 'Robinson's Bonsai'
ha: apparently a dwarf clone suitable for bonsai use
so:
Stanley & Sons (online catalog 2003)

Pinus densiflora 'Rubroaurea'
lc: gold margined, apparently tinged pink or red given this epithet

Pinus densiflora 'Soft Green' = 'Iseli Soft Green'

Pinus densiflora 'Tanyosho Compacta Nana' = Tanyosho Dwarf Group
so:
Stanley & Sons (online catalog 2003)

Pinus densiflora f. umbraculifera Tanyosho Dwarf Group ('Tanyosho Compacta', 'Umbraculifera Compact', 'Umbraculifera Nana')
ht: 4-6 ft. as young plants, probably 8 feet with time
ha: slower and denser than 'Umbraculifera' which gets large and open in time.
or: this group of clones comes from seedlings as well as witches brooms. Some clones of it are named in the text above and
or: and below. Those less distinct or of unknown origins are referred to this collective name.

Pinus densiflora 'Tanyosho Special'
ha: larger than f. umbraculifera of gardens.

Pinus densiflora 'Tanyosho Witches Broom' = Tanyosho Dwarf Group

Pinus densiflora 'Tigrina'
lc: yellow tipped and banded. Based on the photo in Yokoi and Hirose (1978) it appears to be more tipped than
lc: banded as the base as with 'Oculis-draconis'
li: Yokoi, M. and Y. Hirose. 1978. Variegated Plants. Siebundo Shinkosha Pub. Ltd.

Pinus densiflora 'Tiny Temple' ('Temple')
ha: pyramidal, semi-dwarf, grows 4 inches a year
ll: 2.5 in. - shorter
lc: dark green overall

Pinus densiflora 'Tortuosa'
lt: needles spiralled and twisted

f. umbraculifera - click image

f. umbraculifera - click image
Conifer Collection, Dawes Arboretum. Summer 2003.

f. umbraculifera - click image
Conifer Collection, Dawes Arboretum. Summer 2003.

Pinus densiflora f. umbraculifera (Mayr) Beissner
ht: 3m in most gardens but plants reach 5m in 40-50 years.
ha: upright-arching, denser, umbrella-shaped with a top wider than the base of multiple orange-barked trunks. It is favorite
ha: in Japanese gardens for this reason. Older plants are more globose with age.
frq: The clone(s) seen in Western gardens often cones heavily, weakening the plants and making them succumb to
frq: drought or cold.
ns: Kitamura recognizes this as BOTH a wild and garden plant and used this
ns: rank of forma for wild populations that are still known today.
eval: a lovely plant but unfortunately often the victim of snow and ice loads (which tear it down in hours) and the
eval: weakening effects of a heavy cone set.
geo: Japan in Ohmi: Kogagun & Koseicho and Hiramatsu in the wild
li: Kitamura, S. 1983. On Pinus densiflora f. umbraculifera. Acta Phyto-
li: tax. Geobot. 34(4-6): 142-145.

Pinus densiflora 'Umbraculifera Compacta', 'Umbraculifera Nana' = Tanyosho Dwarf Group

Pinus densiflora 'Variegata'
lc: white-striped per Yokoi and Hirose. denOuden & Boom only said "variegated".
li: Yokoi, M. and Y. Hirose. 1978. Variegated Plants. Siebundo Shinkosha Pub. Ltd.

Pinus densiflora 'Verkade's Peacock' (1/03)
ha: 6-8 in. growth per year
lc:yellow banded on needles, sometimes tinged pink
or: Dave Verkade found as seedling
so, in:
Dave's Nursery (online catalog 2003 and probably before)

'Vibrant' - click image
Conifer Collection, Dawes Arboretum. Summer 2003.

Pinus densiflora 'Vibrant'
ha: dwarf, from a witchesbroom seedling
lc: a brighter, more yellow-green shade than some other dwarves

Pinus densiflora 'Vittata'
lc: striped yellow
li: Yokoi, M. and Y. Hirose. 1978. Variegated Plants. Siebundo Shinkosha Pub. Ltd.

Pinus densiflora 'Yatsubusa'
ha: dwarf, table-top shaped
so:
Stanley and Sons (online catalog 2001)