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Pinus mugo 'Alan' (same as 'Allan'?)
ha: dense dwarf
ht: 12 in. in 16 years
wd: 36 in. in 16 years
lc: bright green
so: Roslyn Nur. 516-643-9347 FAX 516-484-1555

Pinus mugo 'Allgau'
ha: decumbent
ll: shorter than species typical

Pinus mugo 'Almhutte'
ns: a listed name from collections c. 2001

Pinus mugo 'Alpenglow'
ns: a listed name, probably the same as 'Alpine Glow'(?)

Pinus mugo 'Alpine Glow'
so: Foxborough Nur. 301-836-7023

Pinus mugo 'Amber Gold'
ha: compact, slower, dwarf
lc: orange-yellow (RHS 17A) in winter, very showy. Green needles in summer.
or: Ferny Creek Nurseries, Victoria, Australia as chance seedling
li: Ferny Creek Nurseries. 1993. Plant Varieties J. 6(4): 40, 49-50.

Pinus mugo 'Anderegg'
ht: 80cm or less
ha: dwarf

Pinus mugo 'Arnescens Gold'
lc: apparent gold in winter.

Pinus mugo 'Arpad'
ns: a listed name from collections c. 2001

'Aurea' - click image
Gotelli Collection. Spring 2004.

Pinus mugo 'Aurea'
ht: 4 ft. tall x 10 ft. wide as young plants, the Gotelli example is about 5 x 5 ft.
lc: yellow, brighter in winter months
ns: the validly of this Latin name is in doubt.

Pinus mugo 'Aureovariegata'
lc: needles both green and yellow in a blend of colors.

Pinus mugo 'Benjamin' (10/02)
ha: compact, globose
lc: dark green

'Big Tuna' - click image
Brookside Gardens, MD USA. Spring 2004.

Pinus mugo 'Big Tuna'
ha: upright but often dense - not dwarf mounded, 3-5 inches a year - intermediate vigor
lc: dark green
or: Jean Iseli
so: Porterhowse Farms 503-668-5834

Pinus mugo 'Bisley Green' (3/02)
ht: 30cm
ha: tight bun

Pinus mugo 'Bozi Dar'
ns: a listed name from collections c. 2001

Pinus mugo 'Brownie'
ns: a listed name from Europe.

Pinus mugo 'Bubikoft'
ns: a listed name from collections c. 2001

Pinus mugo 'Bucco'
ns: a listed name from collections c. 2001

Pinus mugo 'Bush Blue' ('Blue' Dick Bush)
ha: upright-mounded, 6 inches growth per year
lc: blue-green, more blue than most
or: Dick Bush

Pinus mugo 'Carsten's Wintergold' ('Carsten'?)
ha: globose
lc: golden yellow tips in winter, base of needles greener

Pinus mugo 'Columbo'
ns: a listed name in the RHS PLANT FINDER 1998.

Pinus mugo 'Columnar' ('Columnaris'?)
ha: densely columnar
lc: green
ns: 'Columnaris' does not seems to be published before 1959.

'Compacta' - click image
Dawes Arboretum. Summer 2003. A very stricting example with lovely shape.

Pinus mugo 'Compacta'
ha: globose, dense, branchlets distinctly erect and incurving
lc: dark green
ll: 2.5-3.5cm long
or: D.Hill Nursery US

Pinus mugo 'Corley's Mat'
ht: 60cm tall x 30cm as young plants
ha: low flat mat-like, useful as conifer groundcover, 3 inches growth a year
frq: cones as young plants, adding a bit of interest
ll: larger than most dwarf or spreading clones
ls: often slightly curled and twisted outward. A good look.
lc: dark green

Pinus mugo var. pumilio 'Cranberry Candle'
lc: new candles apparently reddish?
in: Yadkin Valley Nursery c. 1999 (sent to Raulston Arb. that year)

Pinus mugo 'December Gold'
lc: gold in winter

Pinus mugo 'Emerald Tower'
ha: upright, somewhat narrow
lc: dark green

Pinus mugo 'Esveld's Select'
ns: a listed name from collections c. 2001, presumably from Esveld.nl

Pinus mugo 'Fischlein Goden'
ns: a listed name from collections c. 2001

Pinus mugo 'Fish Hook'
ha: dwarf, upright
ls: needles distinct hooked at the apex
lc: blue-green
or: Ed Woods
in: Stanley & Sons c. 2000

Pinus mugo 'Flat Top'
ha: flat mound
ns: it is currently unclear if this is 'Iseli Flat Top' or not

Pinus mugo 'Friesia' ('Frisia')
ha: mounded, compact
lc: yellow in winter, showy. Bright green at other times.

Pinus mugo 'Fruhlings Gold'
ha: upright-spreading
lc: golden yellow
or: Germany

Pinus mugo var. rostrata 'Gallica'
ht: 25m
ha: tree form, pyramidal.
ll: 5.0-6.0cm long - much larger than most modern cultivars
id: differs from var. rostrata in being straighter-stemmed and more vigorous. The wood
id: also more highly prized or at least was at one time.

Pinus mugo 'Gerringong'
ha: wider than high
gr: slower than typical
lc: mottled yellow over entire needle
or: sport found by John Emery of Drue New South Wales
li: Spencer, R. 1995. Hort. Flora of S-E. Australia I: 256

Pinus mugo 'Glauca Globosa'
ns: a listed name from collections c. 2001, it is doubtfully valid in Latin form.

Pinus mugo 'Glendale'
ht: 1.5m

Pinus mugo 'Gnom' ('Gnome')
ha: dense globose and dwarf
ht: 1.8-2m
ll: 3.5-4.5cm in about 25 years
lc: dark green
or: found and intro. by H. den Ouden & Son of Boskoop Netherlands in 1927
li: den Ouden, P. 1949. Con. Ephed. Gink. 275.
so: Twombly Nur. 203-261-2133

Pinus mugo 'Gold Spire'
ha: upright globose
gr: species typical
lc: golden candles later open more green
or: Edsel Wood
so: Iseli Nursery (wholesale) 1-800-777-6202

Pinus mugo 'Golden Glow'
ns: a listed name from collections c. 2001

Pinus mugo 'Gordon Bentham'
so:
Stanley & Sons (online catalog 2002), a listed name

Pinus mugo 'Green Candle'
ha: compact, spreading mound, 2 inches growth as year.
or: Bob Ticknor OR USA selection

Pinus mugo 'Green Mountain'
ns: a listed name from collections c. 2001

Pinus mugo subsp. uncinata 'Grüne Welle'
ns: a listed name from collections.

Pinus mugo 'Halada #10'
ha: true miniature, very slow, 1 inch growth a year, very dense
or: Czech Republic

Pinus mugo 'Helga'
ha: slow, compact

Pinus mugo 'Hemis Triumph'
ns: a listed name from collections c. 2001

Pinus mugo 'Helvetica'
ha: dwarf, globose, usually as wide as tall, very slow
lc: green with dark brown buds
ll: 4.0-5.0cm long
or: Hooftman Nursery, Boskoop in 1951. It is not longer sold as their new clones are superior.

Pinus mugo 'Hesse'
ha: dwarf, compact, mounded, very slow
ls: slightly twisted
lc: dark green
ll: 7.0-8.0cm
or: Hesse Nursery, Germany c. 1940
in: Hesse Nursery 1954

Pinus mugo 'Hohlosee' (10/02)
ha: dense, globose, very dwarf

Pinus mugo 'Honeycomb' (10/00)
ha: dwarf mound
gr: 3-5 in. per year
lc: golden yellow in winter
or: Iseli Nursery Boring OR USA
so:
Iseli Nursery

Pinus mugo 'Hovzdany'
ha: miniature, very dense, about 1 inch growth as year
or: Czech Republic, apparently as witches broom

Pinus mugo 'Humpy' ('Humphy'?)
ha: slow, dense, like a tiny hump of needles
lc: buds reddish-brown, showy

'Iseli Flat Top' - click image
Dawes Arboretum. Summer 2003.

Pinus mugo 'Iseli Flat Top'
ha: very 'tight' and dwarf and low mound
li: Iseli Nursery wholesale catalog 1988: 35

Pinus mugo 'Iseli White Bud' ='White Bud'

Pinus mugo 'Jacobsen'
ha: dwarf and low mound
ll: very short
ls, lt: needles unusually congested in clumps, giving high density. They are nicely twisted.
lc: very dark green
or: UK?
so:
email phfarm@aol.com (Porterhowse Farms)

Pinus mugo 'Jim's Dwarf'
ha: very dwarf, globose growing just 0.5 in. a year
or, in: Stanley & Sons c. 2002, found by owner's brother Jim out of 30,000 seedlings.

Pinus mugo 'Juttland'
ns: a listed name from collections c. 2001

Pinus mugo 'Klostergrum'
ns: a listed name from collections c. 2001

Pinus mugo 'Klosterkötter'
ha: dwarf
in: Europe c. 2000

Pinus mugo 'Kobold'
ht: 90cm
ha: dense, globose, very compact, not as dense as 'Mops'
lc: winter buds brown
ll: 1.0 in. - shorter
or: Hooftman Nursery, Boskoop before 1951

Pinus mugo var. mughus 'Kokarde'
ha: upright, large over time
lc: gold-banded or gold-tipped needles
or: Reinold Nur., Dortmund, Germany c. 1955

Pinus mugo 'Kon Wambachi'
ns: a listed name from collections c. 2001

Pinus mugo 'Kramer Bonsai'
ha: dwarf, proven of merit in bonsai culture

Pinus mugo 'Krauskopf'
ha: dwarf

Pinus mugo 'Laarheide'
ns: a listed name from Europe.

Pinus mugo 'Laurin'
ht: 80cm
ha: compact, dense, mounded, 5-7cm growth per year
lc: dark green

Pinus mugo 'Liliput'
ha: dwarf, very small

Pinus mugo 'Lot Mops'
ns: a listed name from collections c. 2001

Pinus mugo 'Marand'
lc: banded or spotted yellow, giving a ring-like effect when viewed head on.

Pinus mugo 'March'
ha: slow and prostrate
lc: dark green
so: Twombly Nur. 203-261-2133

Pinus mugo 'Meyland Select'
ns: a listed name from collections c. 2001

Pinus mugo 'Mini Humpy'
ha: a smaller version of 'Humpy'

Pinus mugo 'Minima Kalous'
ns: a listed name from collections c. 2001

Pinus mugo 'Minimops'
ha: said to be a smaller version of the popular 'Mops' clone

Pinus mugo var. pumilio 'Misty'
ha: dense and compact
gr: 1m in 10 years
lc: yellow tints to spring growth. Whitish candles contrast with dark older needles in winter.
or: Ron Radford of Cedar Lodge Nur. of Tasmania around 1970
li: Spencer, R. 1995. Hort. Flora of S-E. Australia I: 256

Pinus mugo 'Mitsch Mini'
ha: extreme dwarf, growing about 1 inch a year
bd: showy and brown
ll: very short needles
or: Mitsch Nursery
eval: this has proven small enough for rock gardens in the Northwest and elsewhere.

'Mops' - click to enlarge
Gotelli Collection, US National Arboretum, Spring 2003.

Pinus mugo 'Mops'
ht: 3 ft. tall x 3 ft. wide in many years. Most landscape plants are half this size or less.
ha: dwarf globose as tall as wide
lc: dark green
ll: 2.0-4.5cm
or: Hooftnman Nur., Boskoop, Netherlands c. 1951

Pinus mugo ['Mops' broom]
ns, ha: several brooms of 'Mops' which are smaller have been reported. They should be
ns, ha: given their own names as clones if proven distinct. 'Minimops' and 'Mops Midget'
ns, ha: appear to be of this class.

Pinus mugo 'Mops Meyland'
ns: a listed name from collections c. 2001 for a clone from 'Mops'

Pinus mugo 'Mops Midget'
ht: 15cm tall x 15cm wide
ha: globose, smaller than 'Mops'
lc: blue-green

Pinus mugo 'Mops Sport'
ns: a listed name from collections c. 2001 for a clone from 'Mops'

Pinus mugo 'Mops Straver'
ns: a listed name from collections c. 2001 for a clone from 'Mops'

Pinus mugo 'Mops Zwerg'
ns: a listed name from collections c. 2001 for a clone from 'Mops'

Pinus mugo 'Mumpitz'
ns: a listed name from Europe.

Pinus mugo 'Mysty Lemon'
ns: a listed name from collections c. 2001. Unsure if this is 'Misty' which is lemon-colored.

Pinus mugo 'Nana'
ht: 1m
ha: compact, dwarf
or: found in Styrian Alps

Pinus mugo 'Nerost'
so: miniature, very dense, 1 inch growth a year or less
or: Czech Republic from witches broom

Pinus mugo 'Northern Lights' (2/01)
ht: 12 in. tall x 12 in. wide in 10 years
ha: dense, dwarf
lc: creamy gold new growth becomes banded like dragon's eye clones. Lime green in
lc: winter.
or: Mr. Jackson of Camas WA USA
in: Collector's Nursery 2001
source, photo:
Collector's Nursery

Pinus mugo 'Nymphenberg'
ha: extreme pygmy, showing mostly buds in winter, 0.25-.5 inches of growth a year
prop: so tiny it is very hardy to graft

Pinus mugo var. mughus 'Ophir'
ha: mounded
lc: golden yellow in sun

'Oregon Jade' - click to enlarge
Gotelli Collection, US National Arboretum, Spring 2003.

Pinus mugo 'Oregon Jade'
ha: spreading mound, candles distinctly erect and neat.
lc: rich jade green, a pleasant shade
or: Dr. Ticknor, Oregon State Univ. OR USA

Pinus mugo 'Pal Maleter'
ha: erect branches
lc: mottled yellow

Pinus mugo subsp. uncinata 'Paradel Kissen'
ns: a listed name from collections.

Pinus mugo 'Paul's Dwarf'
ha: very slow globose or tiny bun-shaped, dwarf
lw, ll: very short and thin needles
or: Paul Halladin of Iseli Nursery OR USA
lu: suitable for troughs or rock gardens
so: Iseli Nursery (wholesale) 1-800-777-6202

Pinus mugo var. rostrata 'Pendula'
ha: tree-like, pendulous over time

Pinus mugo 'Per Golden'
ha: compact upright shrub
ht: 3 ft. tall x 2 ft. wide
lc: gold tips on dark green needle
so:
email phfarm@aol.com (Porterhowse Farms)

Pinus mugo 'Picobello'
ha: very small dwarf

Pinus mugo 'Piggelmee'
ha: very small dwarf.

Pinus mugo 'Pincushion'
ha: flat-topped and low spreader
gr: 1m in 10 years
lc: dark green
ll: slightly twisted along length
or: seedling of var. pumilio by Don Teese of Yamina Rare Plants of
or: Victoria Australia around 1975.
li: Spencer, R. 1995. Hort. Flora of S-E. Australia I: 256

Pinus mugo 'Pinie'
ns: a listed name from collections c. 2001

Pinus mugo var. pumilio 'Porcupine Pinch'
in: Yadkin Valley Nursery c. 1999 (sent to Raulston Arb. that year)

Pinus mugo 'Pudgy'
so: listed only as name by Rarafolia 215-847-8208

Pinus mugo 'Rigi'
ha: upright, shrub-like

Pinus mugo 'Roger's Weeping'
ha: procumbent or pendulous if staked or grafted high

Pinus mugo 'Rushmore'
ns: a listed name from collections.

Pinus mugo 'Sherwood Compact' ('Sherwood Compacta')
ha: globose, dense, grows about 2 inches a year
lc: dark green
or: Andy Sherwood, Gresham OR USA

Pinus mugo 'Shina'
ha: compact, upright
lc: mottled yellow

Pinus mugo 'Slavinii'
ha: dwarf, low, dense, mat-like, branchlets erect
lc: dark blue-green
or: B.H. Slavin, Rochester Parks, NY USA from Bulgarian seed before 1927. This is
or: probably the first dwarf clone selected in the US.

Pinus mugo 'Slysky Dom'
ns: a listed name from collections c. 2001

Pinus mugo 'Spaan's Pygmy'
ha: mounded, dense, very dwarf
ll: shorter than most clones

Pinus mugo 'Sponi'
ha: mounded, more vigorous than 'Gnome'

Pinus mugo 'Schwizer Tourist' (10/02)
so:
Helmers.de (online catalog 2002)

Pinus mugo 'Suzie Heze'
ns: a listed name from collections c. 2001

Pinus mugo 'Tannenbaum' (10/02)
ht: 5-10 ft. tall young plants, 10 ft. tall x 6 ft. wide in 25 years.
ha: dwarf, pyramidal, grows 6-12 in. per year
or: McCrory Gard, South Dakota State Univ., Brookings SD USA as seedlings
ch: to -509 deg. F.
so:
Iseli Nurseries (wholesale online catalog 2002

'Teeny' - click to enlarge
Gotelli Collection, US National Arboretum, Spring 2003.

Pinus mugo 'Teeny'
ha: compact, mounded, dense.

'Tyrole' - click image
Gotelli Collection. Spring 2004.

Pinus mugo 'Tyrole'
ha: semi-dwarf, broadly globose to flat-mounded
lc: medium green.

Pinus mugo var. pumilio 'Valley Cushion'
ha: decumbent to low mound, dense over the years
ll: short needles
lc: dark green
or: Oregon State Univ., OR USA.
eval: the first major introduction from an American university for the local trade.
lu: excellent for the Northwest US states and also beloved by bonsai growers.

Pinus mugo 'Varella'
so:
Helmers.de (online catalog 2002)

Pinus mugo 'Variegata'
lc: mottled yellow
or: Europe before 1866

Pinus mugo 'Virgata'
ha: lacking most secondary limbs, thus virgate or snake-like in effect as P. abies 'Virgata'
or: Dr. C. Schroeter 1902 found in Switerland
so: it is lost to gardens. Such virgate mutants occur in many spruce and pine species. It
so: takes a loving eye of a collector to save and perpetuate these oddities.

Pinus mugo 'White Tip'
ns: a listed name from collections, presumably with white-tipped needles.

Pinus mugo 'Wintergold'
lc: rich golden-yellow in winter. One of the better golden pines for winter color.
ns: may be the same as 'Carsten's Wintergold'?

Pinus mugo 'Winter Sun'
ha: globose
lc: yellow in winter
ns: not to be confused with 'Winter Gold' of Dutch origin
or: seedling of var. pumilio by Don Tesse of Yamina Rare Plants of
or: Victoria Australia around 1975
li: Spencer, R. 1995. Hort. Flora of S-E. Australia I: 256

Pinus mugo 'Winzig'
ns: a listed name from collections c. 2001

Pinus mugo 'White Bud' ('Iseli White Bud')
ht: 3-4 feet - part of the TRUdwarf series
ha: tight, flat globose form, grows just 3-5 in. per year
bud: white candles are especially showy
ns: it was originally sold as 'Iseli White Bud' but the firm uses this name today.
li: Iseli Nursery wholesale catalog 1988: 36
so:
Iseli Nurseries (wholesale)

Pinus mugo 'White Green'
ns: a listed name from collections c. 2001

Pinus mugo 'Yaffel Hill'
ns: a listed name from collections c. 2001

Pinus mugo 'Yellow Point'
ns: a listed name from collections c. 2001

Pinus mugo 'Yellow Tip' (2/01)
ha: strong, upright, 6 inches growth a year
lc: bright yellow tips to each needle
ll: longer than species typical
so:
Collector's Nursery

Pinus mugo 'Zundert' (3/02)
ha: spreading mound, candles neat and erect.
lc: rich green. One report says it is dark golden yellow in winter while others omit this.
or: Dr. Bob Ticknor, Oregon State Univ. OR USA