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Pinus thunbergiana 'Akame'

ha: upright overall, branches horizontal, former layers or tiers with age, full vigor.
bk: often fissured with age, showy
lc: medium to dark green

Pinus thunbergiana 'Albovariegata'

ha: full-sized vigor
lc: mottled white throughout the length of the needle

Pinus thunbergiana 'Angelica's Thunderhead'

'Angelica's Thunderhead' in early years gives one a cascading mass of rich green clouds. This is a fantasy pine, rich, flexible, luxuriant, and pliable. It can be trained, pruned, and molded in so many fine ways. In youth it trails and forms an irregular, spreading shrub with as much or little discipline as your garden demands or allows. It fills loose, low spaces very well as seen here.

Big white candles reveal the apex of the replete needled and jade heads. Later it proves denser, taller, tree-formed, and more globose that the already wonderful species. It is just as artistic and as most books say "picturesque" - only smaller, lower, and thicker. Some plants have it in the genes to be beautiful no matter what.

Click on this image for a larger version.


ha: compact and upright - said to resemble a thunderhead cloud
lc: dark glossy green with very showy white candles
ns: this may be the same as 'Thunderhead'? This name has been used by Iseli Nursery, Boring OR USA.

Pinus thunbergiana 'Aocha Matsu'

ha: full vigor to moderate
lc: mottled yellow throughout the length of the needle

Pinus thunbergiana 'Aurea'

lc: golden yellow mixed with green needles.
ns: we suspect this old name is a Western rename of the long-grown 'Ogon'

Pinus thunbergiana 'Banshoho'

ha: spreading, mounded, full sized vigor, slower, semi-dwarf
bud: often showy white

Pinus thunbergiana 'Beni Jujaka'

ha: asymmetrical, often branched mainly on one side, very picturesque and good for bonsai culture
lc: needles banded in yellow

Pinus thunbergiana 'Compacta'

ha: compact
ns: this name is probably not published before 1959 and is likely invalid as a result.

Pinus thunbergiana f. corticata ('Corticata', 'Thick Bark')

ns: this name applies to numerous thick bark clones of various forms
bk: thick and corky. Several named clones are included on this page

Pinus thunbergiana 'Elmwood Witchs Broom'

ha: dwarf
in; Foxborough Nursery 1980's

Pinus thunbergiana 'Frosty Patches'

ha: full-sized vigor
lc: needles mottled frosty white

Pinus thunbergiana 'Globosa'

ha: dense, semi-globose

Pinus thunbergiana 'Gan Sekki Sho Yatsubusa'

ha: semi-dwarf, globose, popular for bonsai culture. Outdoor plants can still grow 10 in. a year
bk: often finely pebbled and textured

Pinus thunbergiana 'Green Elf'

ht: 3 ft. tall x 8 ft. wide
ha: dwarf, mounded, 3 inches growth a year, dense, wide-spreading with ages, usually shrubby. It is
ha: of the Yatsubusa type.
bud: white, showy
lc: bright, rich green
or: Joe Grassel, Sandy OR USA

Pinus thunbergiana 'Henry Dwarf' (2/01)

gr: 6 in. per year
ha: small, upright, slower than species typical
bud: large showy silvery buds
or: named for plantsman Edsel Woods
Collector's Nursery (online catalog 2001)

Pinus thunbergiana 'Iseli Golden'

lc: parts of foliage brightly sectored yellow in irregular patterns. It is brighter than most variegated clones.
or: Jean Iseli of Boring OR

Pinus thunbergiana 'Kotabuki'

ha: upright, dwarf, about half species growth rate
lc: dark green
ll: 1 in. long - shorter

Pinus thunbergiana 'Koyosho'

ha: semi-dwarf, compact, upright to globose

Pinus thunbergiana 'Kujaki'

ha: vigorous, open, picturesque with good training
lc: finely lined in pink

Pinus thunbergiana 'Kyokko'

ha: vigorous, open, upright
bk: tortoise-shell type pattern, showy in bonsai and large outdoor specimans alike

Pinus thunbergiana 'Mini Mounds'

ht: 3 ft. tall x 8 ft. wide after 25 years
ha: dwarf, mounded, often with multiple, compact heads or domes
bud: white, showy

Pinus thunbergiana 'Mikawa'

ha: slower, semi-dwarf, dense, forming a nice small tree with age.
lc: darker green

Pinus thunbergiana 'Miyajima'

ha: dwarf, horizontal, tier-branched, 6 inches growth a year

Pinus thunbergiana 'Monophylla'

ls: the 2 needles fused into 1 needle.

Pinus thunbergiana 'Mount Hood' ('Mt. Hood', 'Mt. Hood Prostrate')

ha: low, prostrate, half species growth rate or less
ns: cultivar names should not have the abbreciated word Mt.

lc: dark green
lt: thicker than typical
or: Mount Hood Community College, Gresham, OR USA
li: Iseli Nursery wholesale catalog 1988: 39

Pinus thunbergiana f. corticata 'Nishiki Matsu'

ha: large, spreading, having a windswept and informal look, quite vigorous
bk: thick, corky with age, very showy

Pinus thunbergiana 'Nishiki Nee'

ha: dwarf, slower
bk: bark often furrowed or split, showy for bonsai purposes
lc: yellowish-green

Pinus thunbergiana f. corticata 'Nishiki Tsukasa' ('Tsukasa'?)
National Bonsai Museum, US National Arboretum. Spring 2003. Labeled 'Tsukasa'. Click image to enlarge.

ha: vigorous, pictureque
bk: corky, thick trunk

Pinus thunbergiana 'Oculus-draconis'

ha: vigorous
lc: light green, mottled yellow or chartreuse at the needle base. There are often 2 distinct bands.
ns: not to be confused with the more common 'Oculus Draconis' cultivar of P. densiflora.

Pinus thunbergiana 'Oculus-draconis Tortuosa'

lc: banded or marked yellow as 'Oculus-draconis'
ls: needles twisted or contorted

Pinus thunbergiana 'Ogon'

ha: moderate vigor, semi-dwarf, upright overal, horizontal branching
lc: yellow, especially in spring and early summer
ll: longer than species typical

Pinus thunbergiana 'Pectinata'

ls: mostly on one side of the stem.

Pinus thunbergiana f. corticata 'Pendula'

ha: weeping
bk: thicker
ns: it is unknown if this is the same as the 'Pendula' of Mayr who published it in 1890.

Pinus thunbergiana 'Porky'

ls: needles are fused into a fat or porky mass
no: similar mutations are known in other Pinus species
Coenosium Gardens

Pinus thunbergiana 'Pygmaea'
Gotelli Collection, US National Arboretum. Spring 2003. Click image to enlarge.

ls: compact, dense
ns: a doubtful name in Latin form. We have only seen the name used on the Gotelli label.

Pinus thunbergiana 'Sayonara' (3/02)

ha: dwarf
bud: white, showy
lc: dark green

Pinus thunbergiana 'Shirome Janome'

click image
Gotelli Collection, US National Arboretum. Spring 2003. A rather subtle plant as an 25+ year old specimen. It was much brighter when very young.

ha: vigorous, robust
lc: dark green mottled and banded yellow

Pinus thunbergiana 'Suiken'

click image
Brookside Gardens, MD USA. Spring 2004. A pleasant tree, more open and irregular than Pinus strobus 'Contorta'. The cultivar name means "wet dog".

ha: vigorous, irregular
lc: light to medium green, not as dark as many cultivars
ls: thicker, much twisted needles

Pinus thunbergiana 'Taihei'

ha: dwarf, popular for bonsai culture
bk: interesting fan-shaped structures, very showy in bonsai culture
lc: light green

Pinus thunbergiana 'Thunderhead'

ha: semi-dwarf, upright, more suitable for small gardens than the larger, vigorous forms
bud: very white, quite showy

Pinus thunbergiana 'Tigrina'

lc: irregular mottled yellow
ns: we suspect this old European name is the same as one of the Japanese clones described here. There
ns: are several which could fit this description. Yokoi and Hirose list it apart from 'Variegata' and 'Oculus-draconis'.

Pinus thunbergiana 'Torabu Matsu'

ha: vigorous, picturesque
lc: dark green with gold flecks or spots over the entire needle

Pinus thunbergiana 'Tortuosa'

ha: branches contorted, twisted

Pinus thunbergiana 'Variegata'

lc: needles mottled yellowish-white

Pinus thunbergiana 'Yatsan Shoho'

'Yatsan Shoho' is one of several fine Japanese clones noted for its picturesque, low, and spreading form. This plant is approximately 4 feet tall x 12 feet wide, cascading nicely over a low wall. Click on this image for a larger version.

ha: spreading, horizontal
lc: light to medium green

Pinus thunbergiana 'Yatsubusa'

ha: dwarf, mounded to low globose
bud: thick, making a good show in bonsai form
lc: light green

Pinus thunbergiana 'Yatsubusa Watnong'

ha: dwarfm mounded
lc: light green
or: Watnong Nursery, NJ USA

Pinus thunbergiana f. corticata 'Yumaki'

ha: semi-dwarf, upright to nearly columnar, compact
bk: corky with age
lc: dark green